June 11 events in history

173 Marcomannic Wars: The Roman army in Moravia is encircled by the Quadi, who have broken the peace treaty (171). In a violent thunderstorm emperor Marcus Aurelius defeats and subdues them in the so-called "miracle of the rain"
631 Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk in order to seek the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier; this embassy succeeded in freeing 80,000 Chinese men and women who were then returned to China
786 A Hasanid Alid uprising in Mecca is crushed by the Abbasids at the Battle of Fakhkh. Idris ibn Abdallah flees to the Maghreb, where he later founds the Idrisid dynasty
1345 The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners
1429 Hundred Years' War: start of the Battle of Jargeau
1488 Battle of Sauchieburn: fought between rebel Lords and James III of Scotland, resulting in the death of the King
1509 Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon
1594 Philip II recognizes the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paved way to the stabilization of the rule of the Principalía (an elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines)
1770 British explorer Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef
1775 The American Revolutionary War's first naval engagement, the Battle of Machias, results in the capture of a small British naval vessel
1776 The Continental Congress appoints Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to the Committee of Five to draft a declaration of independence
1788 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska
1805 A fire consumes large portions of Detroit in the Michigan Territory
1825 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City
1837 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between Yankees and Irish
1865 The Naval Battle of Riachuelo is fought on the rivulet Riachuelo (Argentina), between the Paraguayan Navy on one side and the Brazilian Navy on the other. The Brazilian victory was crucial for the later success of the Triple Alliance (Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina) in the Paraguayan War
1892 The Limelight Department, one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia
1898 Spanish–American War: U.S. war ships set sail for Cuba
1898 The Hundred Days' Reform is started by Guangxu Emperor with a plan to change social, political and educational institutions in China, but is suspended by Empress Dowager Cixi after 104 days. The failed reform though led to the abolition of the Imperial examination in 1905
1901 New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands
1903 A group of Serbian officers stormed royal palace and assassinated King Alexander Obrenović and his wife queen Draga
1907 George Dennett, aided by Gilbert Jessop, dismisses Northamptonshire for 12 runs, the lowest total in first-class cricket
1917 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens
1919 Sir Barton wins the Belmont Stakes, becoming the first horse to win the Triple Crown
1920 During the U.S. Republican National Convention in Chicago, U.S. Republican Party leaders gathered in a room at the Blackstone Hotel to come to a consensus on their candidate for the U.S. presidential election, leading the Associated Press to first coin the political phrase "smoke-filled room"
1935 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States at Alpine, New Jersey
1936 The London International Surrealist Exhibition opens
1937 Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders
1938 Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Wuhan starts
1942 World War II: The United States agrees to send Lend-Lease aid to the Soviet Union
1944 USS Missouri, the last battleship built by the United States Navy and future site of the signing of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, is commissioned
1955 Eighty-three spectators are killed and at least 100 are injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the deadliest ever accident in motorsports
1956 Start of Gal Oya riots, the first reported ethnic riots that target minority Sri Lankan Tamils in the Eastern Province. The total number of deaths is reportedly 150
1962 Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin allegedly become the only prisoners to escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island
1963 American Civil Rights Movement: Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block two black students, Vivian Malone and James Hood, from attending that school. Later in the day, accompanied by federalized National Guard troops, they are able to register
1963 Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection to protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam
1963 John F. Kennedy addresses Americans from the Oval Office proposing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that would revolutionize American society. Proposing equal access to public facilities, end segregation in education and guarantee federal protection for voting rights
1964 World War II veteran Walter Seifert runs amok in an elementary school in Cologne, Germany, killing at least eight children and two teachers and seriously injuring several more with a home-made flamethrower and a lance
1970 After being appointed on May 15, Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington officially receive their ranks as U.S. Army Generals, becoming the first females to do so
1971 The U.S. Government forcibly removes the last holdouts to the Native American Occupation of Alcatraz, ending 19 months of control
1978 Altaf Hussain founds the students' political movement All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation (APMSO) in Karachi University
1981 A Richter scale 6.9 magnitude earthquake at Golbaf, Iran, kills at least 2,000
1982 The Sentosa Musical Fountain was officially opened as part of the second phase of construction on the island of Sentosa, Singapore
1987 Diane Abbott, Paul Boateng and Bernie Grant are elected as the first black Parliamentarians in Great Britain
1998 Compaq Computer pays US$9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation in the largest high-tech acquisition
2001 Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing
2002 Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress
2004 Cassini–Huygens makes its closest flyby of the Saturn moon Phoebe
2008 Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper makes a historic official apology to Canada's First Nations in regard to a residential school abuse in which children are isolated from their homes, families and cultures for a century