Died on June 12

816 Pope Leo III Pope from 795 to his death in 816. Protected by Charlemagne from his enemies in Rome, he subsequently strengthened Charlemagne's position by crowning him Roman Emperor and Augustus of the Romans
918 Æthelflæd Lady of the Mercians, ruled Mercia from 911 to her death in 918. She was the eldest daughter of Alfred the Great, king of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex, and his queen, Ealhswith. Æthelflæd was born at the height of the Viking invasions of England. Her father married her to Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians. After his death in 911, she ruled; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle referred to her as the Myrcna hlæfdige, "Lady of the Mercians"
1020 Lyfing (Archbishop of Canterbury) an Anglo-Saxon Bishop of Wells and Archbishop of Canterbury.
1036 Tedald (bishop of Arezzo) the forty-third Bishop of Arezzo from 1023 until his death.
1124 Hassan-i Sabbah a Nizārī Ismā‘īlī missionary who converted a community in the late 11th century in the heart of the Alborz Mountains of northern Persia. He later seized a mountain fortress called Alamut and used it as the headquarters for a decentralized Persian insurrection against the dominant Seljuk Turks. He founded a group of fedayeen whose members are sometimes referred to as the Hashshashin, or "Assassins"
1152 Henry of Scotland a prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also the 3rd Earl of Northumberland and the 3rd Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northampton
1153 Roger de Beaumont 2nd Earl of Warwick the elder son of Henry de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Warwick and Marguerite, daughter of Geoffrey II of Perche and Beatrix of Montdidier. He was also known as Roger de Newburg
1418 Bernard VII Count of Armagnac the, Count of Armagnac, and Constable of France. He was the son of John II and Jeanne de Périgord. He succeeded in Armagnac at the death of his brother, John III, in 1391. After prolonged fighting, he also became Count of Comminges in 1412
1435 John FitzAlan 14th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman and military commander during the later phases of the Hundred Years' War. His father, John FitzAlan, 3rd Baron Maltravers, fought a long battle to lay claim to the Arundel earldom, a battle that was not finally resolved until after the father's death, when John FitzAlan the son was finally confirmed in the title in 1433
1478 Ludovico III Gonzaga Marquis of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1444 to his death in 1478.
1524 Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar a Spanish conquistador. He conquered and governed Cuba on behalf of Spain
1556 Cristóbal de Castillejo a Spanish poet, a contemporary of Garcilaso de la Vega and Juan Boscán, who championed the use of traditional forms of Spanish poetry and criticized the use of Italianate forms such as the sonnet.
1560 Ii Naomori a retainer of the Japanese Imagawa clan during the Sengoku period of the 16th century. During the Battle of Okehazama in 1560, Naomori was killed while trying to protect his lord, Imagawa Yoshimoto during the attack led by Oda Nobunaga, who surprised his enemy when he attacked in thick fog following a hard rain
1560 Imagawa Yoshimoto one of the leading daimyo in the Sengoku period Japan. Based in Suruga Province, he was one of the three daimyo that dominated the Tōkaidō region. He was one of the dominant daimyo in Japan for a time, until his death in 1560
1565 Adrianus Turnebus a French classical scholar.
1567 Richard Rich 1st Baron Rich Lord Chancellor during the reign of King Edward VI of England from 1547 until January 1552. The founder of Felsted School with its associated alms houses in Essex in 1564, he was also a persecutor and torturer of Protestants
1574 Renée of France the younger surviving child of Louis XII of France and Anne of Brittany. She was the Duchess of Ferrara due to her marriage to Ercole II d'Este, grandson of Pope Alexander In her later life she became an important supporter of the Protestant reformation and ally of John Calvin
1641 Abul-Hasan ibn Mirza Ghiyas Beg the father of Arjumand Banu Begum, also known as Mumtaz Mahal, who was the wife of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, the Emperor of India. Asaf Khan was also the elder brother of empress Nur Jahan, the consort of Shah Jahan's father, Jahangir. He was of Mughal descent. His other daughter Parwar Khanam was married to Mohtashim Khan, the son of Mughal Emperor Jahangir's foster brother Qutubuddin Koka. Her mausoleum is located in Sheikhpur, Budaun
1647 Thomas Farnaby an English schoolmaster and scholar.
1672 Macarios III Zaim Melkite Greek Patriarch of Antioch from 1647 to 1672. He led a period of blossoming of his Church and he is also remembered for his travels in Russia and for his involvement in the reforms of Russian Patriarch Nikon
1675 Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine of France until 1648. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven-year-old son
1681 Sigmund von Birken a German poet of the Baroque.
1693 John Ashby (Royal Navy officer) an officer of the Royal Navy, who rose to the rank of Admiral. Ashby was the fourth son of Robert Ashby and his wife Alice, who was a sister of Sir Thomas Allin. He grew up in Suffolk where his father was involved in business
1704 Abraham de la Pryme an English antiquary.
1723 Hafise Kadınefendi a consort to Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II and the mother of Şehzade Mehmed, Șehzade Ahmed, Șehzade Murad, Șehzade Selim of the Ottoman Empire.
1726 Fabrizio Paolucci an Italian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, appointed by Pope Innocent XII.
1734 James FitzJames 1st Duke of Berwick an Anglo-French military leader, illegitimate son of King James II of England by Arabella Churchill, sister of the 1st Duke of Marlborough.
1739 Georg Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels Count of Barby a German prince of the House of Wettin and the last count of Barby.
1758 Prince Augustus William of Prussia Prince of Prussia and a brother of Frederick He was the second son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.
1767 Jean Armand de Lestocq a French adventurer who wielded immense influence on the foreign policy of Russia during the early reign of Empress Elizabeth.
1772 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne a Breton-born French explorer who made important discoveries in the south Indian Ocean, in Tasmania and in New Zealand. Du Fresne was killed by Maori in 1772
1778 Philip Livingston an American merchant and statesman from New York City. He was a delegate for New York to the Continental Congress from 1775 to 1778, and signed the Declaration of Independence
1789 Jean-Étienne Liotard a Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur and dealer.
1791 Francis Grose an English antiquary, draughtsman, and lexicographer. He was born at his father's house in Broad Street, St-Peter-le-Poer, London, son of a Swiss immigrant and jeweller, Francis Jacob Grose , and his wife, Anne , daughter of Thomas Bennett of Greenford in Middlesex. Grose was baptized on 11 June 1731 in the parish of St Peter-le-Poer
1803 Richard François Philippe Brunck a French classical scholar.
1816 Pierre Augereau a soldier and general and Marshal of France. After serving in the French Revolutionary Wars he earned rapid promotion while fighting against Spain and soon found himself a division commander under Napoleon Bonaparte in Italy. He fought in all of Bonaparte's battles of 1796 with great distinction. During the Napoleonic Wars, Emperor Napoleon entrusted him with important commands. His life ended under a cloud because of his poor timing in switching sides between Napoleon and King Louis XVIII of France. Napoleon wrote of Augereau that he "has plenty of character, courage, firmness, activity; is inured to war; is well liked by the soldiery; is fortunate in his operations."
1818 Egwale Seyon nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Hezqeyas
1820 José Mariano Mociño a naturalist from New Spain.
1828 Jacques Lauriston a French soldier and diplomat of Scottish descent, and a general officer in the French army during the Napoleonic Wars. He was born in Pondicherry in India, where his father, a nephew of the financier John Law, held a senior position in the colonial regime; his mother was a member of the Carvallho family of Portuguese traders. Lauriston is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
1832 Nikolaus Simrock a German horn player at the court of the Elector of Cologne in Bonn and a music publisher. He was a friend of Ludwig van Beethoven and founder of the Simrock music publishing house. "Highly esteemed as a man and a musician", he remained in contact with Beethoven throughout the 1790s and is a regarded as a "reliable witness" to Beethoven's years in Bonn
1841 Konstantinos Nikolopoulos (composer) a Greek composer, archeologist, and philologist.
1842 Thomas Arnold an English educator and historian. Arnold was an early supporter of the Broad Church Anglican movement. He was the headmaster of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841, where he introduced a number of reforms
1846 Karl Traugott Queisser played trombone and viola in Germany as a member of the Gewandhaus Orchestra under Felix Mendelssohn.
1847 Pierre-Simon Ballanche a French writer and counterrevolutionary philosopher, who elaborated a theology of progress that possessed considerable influence in French literary circles in the beginning of the nineteenth century. He was the ninth member elected to occupy seat 4 of the Académie française in 1842
1849 Angelica Catalani an Italian opera singer, the daughter of a tradesman. Her greatest gift was her voice, a soprano of nearly three octaves in range. Its unsurpassed power and flexibility made her one of the greatest bravura singers of all times. She also worked as a singing teacher. Her pupils included Laure Cinti-Damoreau and Fanny Corri-Paltoni
1852 Xavier de Maistre known as a French writer. The younger brother of noted philosopher and counter-revolutionary Joseph de Maistre, Xavier was born to an aristocratic family at Chambéry in October 1763. He served when young in the army of Piedmont-Sardinia, and in 1790 wrote his fantasy, Voyage autour de ma chambre , when he was under arrest in Turin as the consequence of a duel
1853 Merry-Joseph Blondel a French history painter of the Neoclassical school. He was a winner of the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1803. After the salon of 1824, he was bestowed with the rank of Knight in the order of the Legion d'Honneur by Charles X of France and offered a professorship at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts: a position in which he remained until his death in 1853. In 1832, he was elected to a seat at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris
1854 Auguste of Anhalt-Dessau the eldest child of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, and his wife, Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Homburg.
1856 Lorenzo Maria of Saint Francis Xavier Blessed Lorenzo Maria of Saint Francis Xavier, , a member of the Passionist Congregation, born on October 30, 1782 in Rome, Italy; died June 12, 1856 at Viterbo. Beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1999
1858 William Horsley an English musician. His compositions are numerous, and include amongst other instrumental pieces three symphonies for full orchestra. More important are his glees, of which he published five books besides contributing many detached glees and part songs to various collections. His glees include "By Celia's Arbour," "O, Nightingale," and "Now the storm begins to lower", and his hymn tunes "There is a green hill far away."