June 12 events in history

1381 Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath
1418 An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians
1429 Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city and the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk in the second day of the Battle of Jargeau
1550 The city of Helsinki, Finland (belonging to Sweden at the time) is founded by King Gustav I of Sweden
1560 Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto
1653 First Anglo-Dutch War: the Battle of the Gabbard begins and lasts until June 13
1665 England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam)
1758 French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences
1775 American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged
1776 The Virginia Declaration of Rights is adopted
1798 Irish Rebellion of 1798: Battle of Ballynahinch
1860 The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established
1864 American Civil War, Overland Campaign: Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia and moves south
1889 Eighty are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland
1898 Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain
1899 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 people and injures around 200
1922 At Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colours of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded – the Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers
1939 Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor
1939 The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York
1940 World War II: Thirteen thousand British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux
1942 Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday
1943 Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Brzeżany, Poland (now Berezhany, Ukraine). Around 1,180 Jews are led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and shot
1944 American paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division secure the town of Carentan
1954 Pope Pius XII canonises Dominic Savio, who was 14 years old at the time of his death, as a saint, making him the youngest unmartyred saint in the Roman Catholic Church
1963 Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith
1964 Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa
1967 The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional
1967 Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data)
1972 The fast food restaurant chain Popeyes is founded in Arabi, Louisiana
1978 David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings
1979 Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross
1987 The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule
1987 Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall
1990 Russia Day: The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty
1991 Russians elect Boris Yeltsin as the president of the republic
1991 1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: the Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa, Sri Lanka
1993 An election takes place in Nigeria which and is later annulled by the military Government led by Ibrahim Babangida
1994 Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in wrongful death civil suit
1994 The Boeing 777, the world's largest twinjet, makes its first flight
1996 In Philadelphia, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet
1997 Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London
1999 Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
2009 A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide ranging protests in Iran and around the world