Born on June 13

40 Gnaeus Julius Agricola a Gallo-Roman general responsible for much of the Roman conquest of Britain. Written by his son-in-law Tacitus, the De vita et moribus Iulii Agricolae is the primary source for most of what is known about him, along with detailed archaeological evidence from northern Britain
597 Cetteus the patron saint of Pescara. He was a bishop of the 6th century, elected to the see of Amiternum in Sabina in 590, during the pontificate of Gregory the Great
823 Charles the Bald the King of West Francia , King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. After a series of civil wars that began during the reign of his father, Louis the Pious, Charles succeeded by the Treaty of Verdun in acquiring the western third of the Carolingian Empire. He was a grandson of Charlemagne and the youngest son of Louis the Pious by his second wife, Judith
839 Charles the Fat the Carolingian Emperor from 881 to 888. The youngest son of Louis the German and Hemma, Charles was a great-grandson of Charlemagne and was the last Carolingian to rule over a united empire
1388 Thomas Montacute 4th Earl of Salisbury an English nobleman and one of the most important English commanders during the Hundred Years' War.
1539 Jost Amman a Swiss artist, celebrated chiefly for his woodcuts, done mainly for book illustrations.
1546 Tobias Matthew an English Archbishop of York.
1556 Pomponio Nenna a Neapolitan Italian composer of the Renaissance. He is mainly remembered for his madrigals, which were influenced by Gesualdo, and for his polychoral sacred motets, posthumously published as Sacrae Hebdomadae Responsoria in 1622
1580 Willebrord Snellius a Dutch astronomer and mathematician, known in the English-speaking world as Snell. In the west, especially the English speaking countries, his name has been attached to the law of refraction of light for several centuries, but it is now known that this law was first discovered by Ibn Sahl in 984. The same law was also investigated by Ptolemy and in the Middle Ages by Witelo, but due to lack of adequate mathematical instruments their results were saved as tables, not functions
1595 Jan Marek Marci a Bohemian doctor and scientist, rector of the University of Prague, and official physician to the Holy Roman Emperors. The crater Marci on the far side of the Moon is named after him
1649 Adrien Baillet a French scholar and critic. He is now best known as a biographer of René Descartes
1673 Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg the legal Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg in the eyes of the Holy Roman Emperor, the overlord of Saxe-Lauenburg, from 1689 until 1728; however, because her distant cousin George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, conquered the duchy by force in 1689, she exercised no control over the territory, instead living in her manors in Bohemia.
1687 Paolo Antonio Rolli an Italian librettist and poet.
1692 Joseph Highmore an English portrait and historical painter, illustrator and author.
1702 Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł a Polish–Lithuanian noble. A member of the aristocratic Radziwiłł family, he was frequently referred to by his idiolect Rybeńko , to distinguish him from the other Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł. Ordynat of Niasviž and Olyka, owner of Biržai, Dubingiai, Slutsk and Kopyła
1707 Tomasz Antoni Zamoyski a Polish nobleman.
1724 Georges-Louis Le Sage most known for his theory of gravitation, for his invention of an electric telegraph and his anticipation of the kinetic theory of gases. Furthermore he was a contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers
1724 Pedro Correia Garção a Portuguese lyric poet.
1752 Frances Burney an English novelist, diarist and playwright. She was born in Lynn Regis, now King's Lynn, England, on 13 June 1752, to musical historian Dr Charles Burney and Esther Sleepe Burney. The third of six children, she was self-educated and began writing what she called her "scribblings" at the age of ten. In 1793, aged 42, she married a French exile, General Alexandre D'Arblay. Their only son, Alexander, was born in 1794. After a lengthy writing career, and travels that took her to France for more than ten years, she settled in Bath, England, where she died on 6 January 1840
1761 Antonín Vranický a famous Czech violinist and composer of the 18th century. He was the half brother of Pavel Vranický
1763 José Bonifácio de Andrada a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro He supported public education, was an abolitionist and suggested that a new national capital be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. His career as naturalist was marked by the discovery of four new minerals
1765 Anton Eberl an Austrian composer, teacher and pianist of the Classical period.
1769 Gaetano Savi an Italian naturalist.
1773 Thomas Young (scientist) an English polymath. Young made notable scientific contributions to the fields of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, physiology, language, musical harmony, and Egyptology. He "made a number of original and insightful innovations" in the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work. He was mentioned by, among others, William Herschel, Hermann von Helmholtz, James Clerk Maxwell, and Albert Einstein
1775 Antoni Radziwiłł a Polish and Prussian noble, aristocrat, musician and politician. Initially a hereditary Duke of Nieśwież and Ołyka, as a scion of the Radziwiłł family he also held the honorific title of a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1815 and 1831 he acted as Duke-Governor of the Grand Duchy of Posen, an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia created out of Greater Polish lands annexed in the Partitions of Poland
1778 Frederick Louis Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin a hereditary prince of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, one of the constituent states of the German Confederation. He was the son of Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and of Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1786 Winfield Scott a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
1790 José Antonio Páez a Venezuelan leader who fought against the Spanish Crown under Simon Bolivar during the Venezuelan Wars of Independence. He later led Venezuela's breakaway from Gran Colombia and dominated the country's politics for most of the next two decades as its president once it was independent of the Gran Colombia. He is considered a prime example of a 19th-century South American caudillo
1795 Thomas Arnold an English educator and historian. Arnold was an early supporter of the Broad Church Anglican movement. He was the headmaster of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841, where he introduced a number of reforms
1795 Anton Schindler an associate, secretary, and early biographer of Ludwig van Beethoven. He was born in Medlov, Moravia and died in Bockenheim
1799 Ernő Kiss a honvédség general. He was executed for his part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, and is considered one of the 13 Martyrs of Arad. Ernő Kiss was from a Transylvanian family with Armenian roots
1804 Alexander Arkadyevich Suvorov a Russian general, diplomat and politician.
1805 Antun Mažuranić Croatian writer and linguist.
1805 Johann Eduard Erdmann a German religious pastor, historian of philosophy, and philosopher of religion, of which he wrote on the mediation of faith and knowledge. He was known to be a follower of Friedrich Schleiermacher, whom he studied under August Carlblom, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel whom he considered as mentor. He also studied the works of Karl Daub and was to become known as a right-wing member of Hegelianism
1806 George Parker Bidder an English engineer and calculating prodigy.
1808 Patrice de MacMahon Duke of Magenta a French general and politician with the distinction Marshal of France. He served as Chief of State of France from 1873 to 1875 and as the first president of the Third Republic, from 1875 to 1879. He won national renown and the presidency on the basis of his military actions in the war against the Germans. The man was a devout conservative Catholic, a traditionalists who despised socialism and strongly distrusted the secular Republicans. He took very seriously his duty as the neutral guardian of the Constitution, and rejected suggestions of a monarchist coup d'état. He also refused to meet with Gambetta, the leader of the Republicans. He moved the Third Republic the system whereby the government selected by the assembly ruled France, but he also insisted on an upper chamber. At one point he overstepped his authority and to solve the Chamber of Deputies, with the result that Republicans won the election and McMahon soon resigned and retired to private life
1809 Heinrich Hoffmann (author) a German psychiatrist, who also wrote some short works including Der Struwwelpeter, an illustrated book portraying children misbehaving.
1811 Owen Stanley a British Royal Navy officer and surveyor.
1812 Izmail Sreznevsky a towering figure in 19th-century Slavic studies.
1820 Prince Henry of the Netherlands (governor) the third son of King William II of the Netherlands and his wife, Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. He was born at Soestdijk Palace
1821 Albert 4th duc de Broglie a French monarchist politician.
1822 Carl Schmidt (chemist) a Baltic German chemist from the Governorate of Livonia, a part of the Russian Empire. He determined the typical crystallization patterns of many important biochemicals such as uric acid, oxalic acid and its salts, lactic acid, cholesterin, stearin, etc
1823 Gustave Paul Cluseret a French soldier and politician who served as a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
1827 Alberto Henschel a German-Brazilian photographer born in Berlin. Considered the hardest-working photographer and businessman in 19th-century Brazil, with offices in Pernambuco, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo, Henschel was also responsible for the presence of other professional photographers in the country, including his compatriot Karl Ernest Papf—with whom he later worked
1828 Jules-Élie Delaunay a French academic painter.
1831 James Clerk Maxwell a Scottish mathematical physicist. His most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as manifestations of the same phenomenon. Maxwell's equations for electromagnetism have been called the "second great unification in physics" after the first one realised by Isaac Newton. James was also a dedicated Christian from his childhood and saw his science as a natural extension of his faith
1834 Albert Becker (composer) a German composer and conductor of the Romantic period.
1838 Wilhelm Reiss a German geologist and explorer born in Mannheim. Along with Angel Escobar, he was the first person to scale Cotopaxi , and with vulcanologist Alphons Stübel, he was the first to ascend Tungurahua
1846 Rose Cleveland the First Lady of the United States from 1885 to 1886, during the first of her brother U.S. President Grover Cleveland's two administrations
1851 Domenico Svampa an Italian Catholic archbishop and cardinal.