Died on June 13

220 Xiahou Dun a military general serving under the warlord Cao Cao in the late Eastern Han dynasty. He served for a few months under Cao Cao's successor, Cao Pi, before his death. As one of Cao Cao's most trusted generals, Xiahou Dun aided the warlord in his campaigns against Lü Bu, Liu Bei, Sun Quan and others
293 Aquilina a Christian child saint from Byblos.
1036 Ali az-Zahir the Seventh Caliph of the Fātimids. Az-Zāhir assumed the Caliphate after the disappearance of his father Tāriqu l-Ḥakīm bi Amr al-Lāh. According to the Hijri Calendar, his birth date is 3rd of Ramzaan 395 A.H
1142 Godfrey II Count of Louvain the count of Louvain, landgrave of Brabant by inheritance from 23 January 1139. He was the son of Godfrey I and Ida of Chiny. He was also the duke of Lower Lorraine , and as such also margrave of Antwerp, by appointment in 1139 after the death of Duke Waleran
1231 Anthony of Padua Saint Anthony of Padua, O.F.M. also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order. Though he died in Padua, Italy, he was born and raised by a wealthy family in Lisbon. Noted by his contemporaries for his forceful preaching and expert knowledge of scripture, he was the second-fastest canonized saint and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946. He is also the patron saint of finding things or lost people
1256 Tankei a Japanese sculptor of the Kei school, which flourished in the Kamakura period. He was the student of and eldest son of the master sculptor Unkei
1348 Juan Manuel Prince of Villena a Spanish medieval writer, nephew of Alfonso X of Castile, son of Manuel of Castile and Beatrice of Savoy. He inherited from his father the great Seigneury of Villena, receiving the titles of Lord, Duke and lastly Prince of Villena
1483 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings an English nobleman. A follower of the House of York, he became a close friend and one of the most important courtiers of King Edward IV, whom he served as Lord Chamberlain. He was executed on charges of treason by Edward's brother and ultimate successor, Richard III
1522 Piero Soderini an Italian statesman of the Republic of Florence.
1550 Veronica Gambara an Italian poet, stateswoman and political leader.
1623 Honinbo Sansa the assumed name of Kanō Yosaburō , one of the strongest Japanese Go players of the Edo period , and founder of the house of Honinbō, first among the four great schools of Go in Japan. He was a Buddhist priest of the Nichiren sect, and his original dharma name was Nikkai
1636 George Gordon 1st Marquess of Huntly a Scottish nobleman who took a leading role in the political and military life of Scotland in the late 16th century and around the time of the Union of the Crowns.
1645 Miyamoto Musashi an expert Japanese swordsman and rōnin. Musashi, as he was often simply known, became renowned through stories of his excellent swordsmanship in numerous duels, even from a very young age. He was the founder of the Hyōhō Niten Ichi-ryū or Niten-ryū style of swordsmanship and the author of The Book of Five Rings , a book on strategy, tactics, and philosophy that is still studied today
1665 Egbert Bartholomeusz Kortenaer an admiral of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. His second name is also given as Bartolomeuszoon or Meeuwiszoon. All of these are variations on the patronym "Son of Bartholomew"
1676 Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy the wife of the Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria. She had much political influence in her adopted country and with her husband did much to improve the welfare of the Electorate of Bavaria
1699 Juan Tomás de Rocaberti a Spanish theologian.
1719 Rafi ud-Darajat the 10th Mughal Emperor. He succeeded Furrukhsiyar on 28 February 1719, being proclaimed Badshah by the Syed Brothers
1749 Jan Frans van Bloemen a Flemish landscape painter mainly active in Rome. Here he was able to establish himself as the leading painter of views of the Roman countryside depicted in the aesthetic of the classical landscape tradition
1762 Dorothea Erxleben the first female medical doctor in Germany.
1782 Anna Göldi known as the "last witch" in Switzerland. She was executed for murder in June 1782 in Glarus
1784 Henry Middleton a plantation owner and public official from South Carolina. A member of the colonial legislature, during the American Revolution he attended the Continental Congress and served as that body's presiding officer for a few days in 1774. He left Congress before it declared independence. Back in South Carolina, he served as president of the provincial congress and senator in the newly created state government. After his capture by the British in 1780, he accepted defeat and returned to the status of a British subject until the end of the war
1793 Jean Baptiste Meusnier a French mathematician, engineer and Revolutionary general. He is best known for Meusnier's theorem on the curvature of surfaces, which he formulated while he was at the École Royale du Génie. He also discovered the helicoid. He worked with Lavoisier on the decomposition of water and the evolution of hydrogen
1797 Christian Jensen Lofthuus a prominent farmer from Risør, Norway. Between 1786-87, he led a large peasant revolt in Norway which became known as the Lofthusreisingen
1797 Samuel-Auguste Tissot a notable 18th century Swiss physician.
1810 Johann Gottfried Seume born at Poserna.
1817 Richard Lovell Edgeworth an Anglo-Irish politician, writer and inventor.
1831 David Alopaeus an Imperial Russian diplomat. He followed his older brother Maximilian von Alopaeus into a diplomatic career. He was enrolled at the Military Academy in Stuttgart from 1781 to 1785. He studied at the Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen. He was the Imperial Russian ambassador to Stockholm from 1803, and took part in the negotiations for the Peace of Fredrickshamn in 1809. He was granted a title of count along with the coat of arms in 1820 in Congress Poland for his negotiations on Congress Poland's borders with Kingdom of Prussia
1833 Jakub Kubicki a renowned Polish classicist architect and designer.
1846 Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès a French geographer, author and translator, best remembered in the English speaking world for his translation of German ghost stories Fantasmagoriana, published anonymously in 1812, which inspired Mary Shelley and John William Polidori to write Frankenstein and The Vampyre respectively. He was one of the founding members of the Société de Géographie, a member of the Société Asiatique, admitted to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, awarded the Legion of Honour, elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1841, and has a street named after him in Le Havre and a mountain near Humboldt Bay
1850 Dionisio de Herrera a Liberal Honduran politician, head of state of Honduras from 1824 to 1827 and head of state of Nicaragua from 1830 to 1833. During his terms, Honduras and Nicaragua were states within the Federal Republic of Central America. Herrera was an uncle of the Liberal Central American general Francisco Morazán
1854 Alexandru Sturdza a Russian publicist and diplomat of Romanian origin. In his writings, he referred to himself with a French rendition of his name, Alexandre Stourdza
1861 Henry Gray an English anatomist and surgeon most notable for publishing the book Gray's Anatomy. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society at the age of 25
1871 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin a French magician. He is widely considered the father of the modern style of conjuring
1877 Louis III Grand Duke of Hesse Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877.
1877 Cesare Ciardi an Italian flautist and composer.
1880 Heinrich Strack a German architect of the Schinkelschule. His notable works include the Berlin Victory Column
1881 Joseph Škoda a Czech physician, medical professor and dermatologist. Together with Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, he was the founder of the Modern Medical School of Vienna
1884 Anton Zwengauer a German painter of the Biedermeier period.
1884 Jan Arnošt Smoler a Sorbian philologist and writer. He played a vital role in revitalizing the Sorbian languages in the 19th century. He also supported a form of Pan-Slavism
1886 Bernhard von Gudden a German neuroanatomist and psychiatrist born in Kleve.
1886 Ludwig II of Bavaria King of Bavaria from 1864 until his death. He is sometimes called the Swan King and der Märchenkönig, the Fairy Tale King. He also held the titles of Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria, Duke of Franconia, and Duke in Swabia
1890 Vasili Pukirev a Russian painter and illustrator. He is primarily known as the artist of the painting The Unequal Marriage. Vasily studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. He first worked as a portraitist but later turned to historical painting
1890 Ivan Minayev the first Russian Indologist whose disciples included Serge Oldenburg, Th. Stcherbatsky, and Dmitry Kudryavsky
1895 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla a Spanish politician. He served as prime minister of Spain for a little over ten weeks in the summer of 1871, and again for eight months between June 1872 and February 1873
1898 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau a French-Canadian lawyer and politician.
1900 Peter II Grand Duke of Oldenburg the Grand Duke of Oldenburg from 1853 to 1900. He claimed hereditary parts of Duchy of Holstein after Second Schleswig War in 1864. After signing a treaty in 23 February 1867 in Kiel, he renounced his claims. But, he received from Amt Ahrensbök , the Prussian parts of the former Principality of Lübeck and was given a million taler as compensation from Prussia. Thus the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg gained access to the Baltic Sea
1901 Friedrich Ritter von Friedländer-Malheim a Bohemian-Austrian painter.
1901 Leopoldo Alas an Spanish realist novelist born in Zamora. He died in Oviedo
1904 Nikiphoros Lytras a nineteenth-century Greek painter. He was born in Tinos, and trained in Athens at the School of Arts. In 1860 he won a scholarship to Royal Academy of Fine Arts of Munich. After completing these studies, he became a professor at the School of Arts in 1866, a position he held for the rest of his life. He remained faithful to the precepts and principles of the academaism of Munich, while paying greatest attention both to ethographic themes and portraiture. His most famous portrait was of the royal couple, Otto and Amalia, and his most well-known landscape a depiction of the region of Lavrio
1913 Camille Lemonnier a Belgian writer, poet and journalist. He was a member of the Symbolist La Jeune Belgique group, but his best known works are realist. His first work was Salon de Bruxelles , a collection of art criticism. His best known novel is Un Mâle