June 13 events in history

313 The Edict of Milan, signed by Constantine the Great and co-emperor Valerius Licinius granting religious freedom throughout the Roman Empire, is posted in Nicomedia
1373 Anglo-Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force
1381 The Peasants Revolt led by Wat Tyler culminated in the burning of the Savoy Palace
1525 Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns
1625 King Charles I of England marries Henrietta Maria of France, Princess of France
1740 Georgia provincial governor James Oglethorpe begins an unsuccessful attempt to take Spanish Florida during the Siege of St. Augustine
1774 Rhode Island becomes the first of Britain's North American colonies to ban the importation of slaves
1777 American Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands near Charleston, South Carolina, in order to help the Continental Congress to train its army
1805 Lewis and Clark Expedition: scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River
1881 The USS Jeannette is crushed in an Arctic Ocean ice pack
1886 A fire devastates much of Vancouver, British Columbia
1886 King Ludwig II of Bavaria is found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM
1893 Grover Cleveland notices a rough spot in his mouth and on July 1 undergoes secret, successful surgery to remove a large, cancerous portion of his jaw; the operation was not revealed to the public until 1917, nine years after the president's death
1898 Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital
1910 The University of the Philippines College of Engineering is established. This unit of the university is said to be the largest degree granting unit in the Philippines
1917 World War I: The deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries
1927 Aviator Charles Lindbergh receives a ticker-tape parade down 5th Avenue in New York City
1944 World War II: German combat elements - reinforced by the 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division - launch a counterattack on American forces near Carentan
1944 World War II: Germany launches a V1 Flying Bomb attack on England. Only four of the eleven bombs actually hit their targets
1952 Catalina affair: A Swedish Douglas DC-3 is shot down by a Soviet MiG-15 fighter
1955 Mir Mine, the first diamond mine in the USSR, is discovered
1966 The United States Supreme Court rules in Miranda v. Arizona that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them
1967 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court
1969 Governor of Texas Preston Smith signs a bill into law converting the former Southwest Center for Advanced Studies, originally founded as a research arm of Texas Instruments, into the University of Texas at Dallas
1970 "The Long and Winding Road" becomes The Beatles' last U.S. number one song
1971 Vietnam War: The New York Times begins publication of the Pentagon Papers
1977 Convicted Martin Luther King Jr. assassin James Earl Ray is recaptured after escaping from prison three days before
1978 Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon
1981 At the Trooping the Colour ceremony in London, a teenager, Marcus Sarjeant, fires six blank shots at Queen Elizabeth II
1982 Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia upon the death of his brother, Khalid
1982 Riccardo Paletti, was killed when he crashed on the start grid for the Canadian Grand Prix
1983 Pioneer 10 becomes the first man-made object to leave the central Solar System when it passes beyond the orbit of Neptune (the farthest planet from the Sun at the time)
1990 First day of the June 1990 Mineriad in Romania. At least 240 strikers and students are arrested or killed in the chaos ensuing from the first post-Ceausescu elections
1994 A jury in Anchorage, Alaska, blames recklessness by Exxon and Captain Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of the oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages
1996 The Montana Freemen surrender after an 81-day standoff with FBI agents
1997 A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing
2000 President Kim Dae Jung of South Korea meets Kim Jong-il, leader of North Korea, for the beginning of the first ever inter-Korea summit, in the northern capital of Pyongyang
2000 Italy pardons Mehmet Ali Agca, the Turkish gunman who tried to kill Pope John Paul II in 1981
2002 The United States withdraws from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
2002 Two 14-year-old South Korean girls are struck and killed by a United States Army armored vehicle, leading to months of public protests against the U.S
2005 A jury in Santa Maria, California acquits pop singer Michael Jackson of molesting 13-year-old Gavin Arvizo at his Neverland Ranch
2010 A capsule of the Japanese spacecraft Hayabusa, containing particles of the asteroid 25143 Itokawa, returns to Earth
2012 A series of bombings across Iraq, including Baghdad, Hillah and Kirkuk, kills at least 93 people and wounds over 300 others