Born on June 14

1479 Giglio Gregorio Giraldi an Italian scholar and poet.
1529 Ferdinand II Archduke of Austria ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was married to Philippine Welser in his first marriage. In his second marriage to Anna Juliana Gonzaga, he was the father of Anna of Tyrol, the would-be Holy Roman Empress
1691 Jan Francisci an organist and composer born in Neusohl, Kingdom of Hungary. In 1709, he succeeded his father as cantor there before going to Vienna in 1722. He visited J.S. Bach in Leipzig in 1725. He worked as a church musician in until 1735, when he returned to Neusohl. He remained there until his death, except for the years 1743–1748
1712 Sayat-Nova an Armenian poet, musician and ashik, who had compositions in a number of languages.
1726 Thomas Pennant a Welsh naturalist, traveller, writer and antiquarian. He was born and lived his whole life at his family estate, Downing Hall near Whitford, Flintshire in Wales
1730 Antonio Sacchini an Italian composer, most famous for his operas.
1731 Johan Theodor Holmskjold a Danish botanist, courtier and administrator.
1736 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb a French physicist. He was best known for developing Coulomb's law, the definition of the electrostatic force of attraction and repulsion, but also did important work on friction. The SI unit of electric charge, the coulomb, was named after him
1747 Anton von Zach Freiherr von Zach enlisted in the army of Habsburg Austria and fought against the First French Republic. In the French Revolutionary Wars, he gained prominence as a staff officer. Still on active service during the Napoleonic Wars, he fought in the 1805 and 1809 wars. He was not given combat assignments after 1809
1753 Louis I Grand Duke of Hesse Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and later the first Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.
1763 Simon Mayr a German composer.
1772 Gustaf Johan Billberg a Swedish botanist, zoologist and anatomist, although professionally and by training he was a lawyer and used science and biology as a hobby.
1780 Henry Salt (Egyptologist) an English artist, traveller, collector of antiquities, diplomat, and Egyptologist.
1784 Francesco Morlacchi an Italian composer of more than twenty operas. During the many years he spent as the royal Royal Kapellmeister in Dresden, he was instrumental in popularizing the Italian style of opera
1796 Nikolai Brashman a Russian mathematician of Austrian origin. He was a student of Joseph Johann Littrow, and the advisor of Pafnuty Chebyshev and August Davidov
1798 František Palacký a Czech historian and politician, the most influential person of the Czech National Revival, called "Father of the Nation".
1801 Peter Wilhelm Lund a Danish paleontologist, zoologist, archeologist and who spent most of his life working and living in Brazil. He is considered the father of Brazilian paleontology as well as archeology
1801 Heber C. Kimball a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement. He served as one of the original twelve apostles in the early Church of the Latter Day Saints, and as first counselor to Brigham Young in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death
1802 Frederik Stang a Norwegian lawyer, public servant, and politician who served as Norway's first prime minister.
1803 Prince Karl Johann of Liechtenstein the third son of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein and wife Landgravine Josepha of Fürstenberg-Weitra, nephew of Aloys I, brother of Aloys II and uncle of Johann II and Franz I.
1804 Joseph Hermann Schmidt professor of Obstetrics in Berlin, and official of the Prussian cultural ministry.
1805 Robert Anderson (Civil War) a United States Army officer during the American Civil War. To many, he was a hero who defied the Confederacy and upheld Union honor in the first battle of the American Civil War at Fort Sumter in April 1861. The Confederates bombarded the fort and forced its surrender to start the war. After Sumter fell, Anderson was promoted to brigadier general and given command of Union forces in Kentucky, but was removed late in 1861 and reassigned to Rhode Island, before retiring from military service in 1863
1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe an American abolitionist and author. Her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin was a depiction of life for African Americans under slavery; it reached millions as a novel and play, and became influential in the United States and United Kingdom. It energized anti-slavery forces in the American North, while provoking widespread anger in the South. She wrote more than 20 books, including novels, three travel memoirs, and collections of articles and letters. She was influential for both her writings and her public stands on social issues of the day
1811 John Hamilton Gray (Prince Edward Island politician) Premier of Prince Edward Island from 1863 – 1865 and one of the Fathers of Confederation.
1812 Fernando Wood an American politician of the Democratic Party and the 73rd and 75th mayor of New York City; he also served as a United States Representative and as Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means in both the 45th and 46th Congress.
1814 Alexander John Ellis an English mathematician and philologist. He changed his name from his father's name Sharpe to his mother's maiden name Ellis in 1825, as a condition of receiving significant financial support from a relative on his mother's side. He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, London
1816 Priscilla Cooper Tyler the daughter in law of John Tyler, the tenth President of the United States. She served as official White House hostess and official First Lady of the United States from September 10, 1842 to June 26, 1844, the second of Tyler's three First Ladies
1819 Henry Gardner the 23rd Governor of Massachusetts, serving from 1855 to 1858. Gardner, a Know Nothing, and was elected governor as part of the sweeping victory of Know Nothing candidates in the Massachusetts elections of 1854
1820 John Bartlett (publisher) an American writer and publisher whose best known work, Bartlett's Familiar Quotations, has been continually revised and reissued for a century after his death.
1823 Pyotr Lavrov a prominent Russian theorist of narodism, philosopher, publicist, and sociologist.
1824 Karel Svoboda (artist) a Czech/Austrian painter, primarily of historical scenes, which are notable for their accurate detail. He worked in Prague and Vienna
1828 Antanas Mackevičius a Lithuanian priest and one of the initiators and leaders of the 1863 January Uprising in the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania, on the lands of the partitioned Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1830 Alfred Enneper a German mathematician. Enneper earned his PhD from the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen in 1856, under the supervision of Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, for his dissertation about functions with complex arguments. After his habilitation in 1859 in Göttingen, he was from 1870 on Professor at Göttingen
1834 Emil Stang a Norwegian jurist and politician. He became Prime Minister of Norway and was the first chairman of the Conservative Party
1835 Nikolai Rubinstein a Russian pianist, conductor and composer. He was the younger brother of Anton Rubinstein and a close friend of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
1837 Bernhard von Kugler a German historian. He is largely known for his research of the Crusades
1837 William Chatterton Dix an English writer of hymns and carols.
1838 Yamagata Aritomo a field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and twice Prime Minister of Japan. He is considered one of the architects of the military and political foundations of early modern Japan. Yamagata Aritomo can be seen as the father of Japanese militarism
1840 William F. Nast an American diplomat and entrepreneur. He was the third president of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
1845 Antonio Maceo Grajales second-in-command of the Cuban Army of Independence.
1848 Max Erdmannsdörfer a German conductor, pianist and composer.
1849 Hugo von Habermann a German painter and draftsman. He is sometimes referred to as "the Elder" to distinguish him from his nephew of the same name, who was also a painter
1850 Artur Władysław Potocki a Polish nobleman.
1852 Carlos Ezeta President of El Salvador 22 June 1890 - 9 June 1894. He was a military ruler
1854 Frederik Rung a Danish composer, the son of Henrik Rung. He was conductor Madrigal Choir of the Caeciliaforening of Copenhagen, and Grieg dedicated to this choir and its conductor his Two religious choral pieces of 1898
1855 Robert M. La Follette Sr. an American Republican politician. He served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, was the Governor of Wisconsin, and was also a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin. He ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party in 1924, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote
1856 Andrey Markov a Russian mathematician. He is best known for his work on stochastic processes. A primary subject of his research later became known as Markov chains and Markov processes
1856 Dimitar Blagoev a Bulgarian political leader, the founder of Bulgarian socialism and of the first social democratic party in the Balkans. Blagoev was also a prominent proponent of ideas for the establishment of a Balkan Federation. He is usually regarded and self-identified as a Bulgarian occasionally as a Macedonian Slav
1856 Hubert de Blanck a Dutch-born professor, pianist, and composer who spent the better part of his life in Cuba.
1858 Carl Heinrich Stratz a German-Russian gynecologist who was one of the first to research human growth and development.