Died on June 14

772 Abū Ḥanīfa the founder of the Sunni Hanafi school of fiqh. He is also considered a renowned Islamic scholar and personality by Zaydi Shia Muslims. He was often called "the Great Imam"
809 Ōtomo no Otomaro a Japanese general of the Nara period and of the early Heian period. He was the first to hold the title of seii taishōgun. Some believe he was born in 727. His father was Ōtomo no Koshibi
847 Methodios I of Constantinople Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from March 4, 843 to June 14, 847. He was born in Syracuse and died in Constantinople. His feast day is celebrated on June 14 in both the East and the West
1161 Emperor Qinzong of Song the ninth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the last emperor of the Northern Song. His personal name was Zhao Huan. He reigned from January 1126 to January 1127
1381 Simon Sudbury Bishop of London from 1361 to 1375, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1375 until his death, and in the last year of his life Lord Chancellor of England.
1497 Giovanni Borgia 2nd Duke of Gandia the son of Pope Alexander VI a member of the House of Borgia. He was the brother of Cesare, Gioffre, and Lucrezia Borgia. Giovanni, commonly known as Juan , is believed to be the eldest of the Pope's four children by Vannozza dei Cattanei, but this is disputed. Due to the contents of a number of papal bulls issued after his murder, it is unclear whether Giovanni was born in 1476 or 1477
1516 John III of Navarre jure uxoris, King consort of the Queen regnant Catherine of Navarre.
1534 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu a Hindu monk and social reformer from 16th century India. A native of Navadvip in Bengal, he promoted the worship of God, in his tradition known by the name Krishna. He is venerated by followers of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
1544 Antoine Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1508 until his death in 1544.
1548 Carpentras (composer) a French composer of the Renaissance. He was famous during his lifetime, and was especially notable for his settings of the Lamentations which remained in the repertory of the Papal Choir throughout the 16th century. In addition, he was probably the most prominent Avignon musician since the time of the ars subtilior at the end of the 14th century
1583 Shibata Katsuie a Japanese military commander during the Sengoku Period who served Oda Nobunaga.
1594 Orlande de Lassus a Netherlandish or Franco-Flemish composer of the late Renaissance. He is today considered to be the chief representative of the mature polyphonic style of the Franco-Flemish school, and one of the three most famous and influential musicians in Europe at the end of the 16th century
1642 Saskia van Uylenburgh the wife of painter Rembrandt van Rijn. In the course of her life she was his model for some of his paintings, drawings and etchings. She was the daughter of a Frisian mayor
1646 Jean Armand de Maillé-Brézé a French admiral.
1662 Henry Vane the Younger an English politician, statesman, and colonial governor. He was briefly present in North America, serving one term as the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and supported the creation of Roger Williams' Rhode Island Colony and Harvard College. A proponent of religious tolerance, he returned to England in 1637 following the Antinomian controversy that led to the banning of Anne Hutchinson from Massachusetts
1674 Marin le Roy de Gomberville a French poet and novelist.
1703 Jean Herauld Gourville a French adventurer.
1710 Johann Friedrich Alberti a German composer and organist.
1733 Tsarevna Catherine Ivanovna of Russia a daughter of Tsar Ivan V and Praskovia Saltykova, eldest sister of Empress Anna of Russia and niece of Peter the Great. By her marriage, she was a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1746 Colin Maclaurin a Scottish mathematician who made important contributions to geometry and algebra. The Maclaurin series, a special case of the Taylor series, is named after him
1761 Johann Daniel Schumacher the secretary of the Russian Academy of Sciences and director of the Library of the Russian Academy of Sciences, during the Russian Empire.
1784 Andrzej Mokronowski a notable member of the Polish szlachta, a politician and general of the Polish Army.
1794 Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess of Hertford a British courtier and politician.
1800 Jean Baptiste Kléber a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars. His military career started in Habsburg service, but his plebeian ancestry hindered his opportunities. Eventually, he volunteered for the French Army in 1792, and rose through the ranks
1800 Louis Desaix a French general and military leader. According to the usage of the time, he took the name Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux
1801 Benedict Arnold a general during the American Revolutionary War who originally fought for the American Continental Army but defected to the British Army. While a general on the American side, he obtained command of the fortifications at West Point, New York , overlooking the cliffs at the Hudson River , and planned to surrender it to the British forces. After the plan was exposed in September 1780, he was commissioned into the British Army as a brigadier general
1814 Frederick Christian II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg a Danish prince and feudal magnate. He held the island of Als and some other castles in Schleswig
1821 Chaim of Volozhin an Orthodox rabbi, Talmudist, and ethicist. Popularly known as "Reb Chaim Volozhiner" or simply as "Reb Chaim", he was born in Volozhin when it was a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He died there while it was under the control of the Russian Empire. It is part of present-day Belarus
1825 Pierre Charles L'Enfant a French-born American architect and civil engineer best known for designing the layout of the streets of Washington, D.C., the L'Enfant Plan.
1828 Karl August Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and of Saxe-Eisenach from 1758, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach from its creation in 1809, and Grand Duke from 1815 until his death. He is noted for the intellectual brilliance of his court
1829 Matsudaira Sadanobu Japanese daimyo of the mid-Edo period, famous for his financial reforms which saved the Shirakawa Domain, and the similar reforms he undertook during his tenure as chief senior councilor of the Tokugawa Shogunate, from 1787 to 1793.
1837 Giacomo Leopardi an Italian poet, philosopher, essayist and philologist. Although he lived in a secluded town in the ultra-conservative Papal States, he came in touch with the main thoughts of the Enlightenment, and, by his own literary evolution, created a remarkable and renowned poetic work, related to the Romantic era
1844 Nikolay Mozgalevsky a Russian officer and a participant in the Decembrist revolt. His father was Osip Mozgalevsky, a landlord in Chernigov Governorate, his mother, Viktoriya Karlovna de Roset. He was educated from 1814 to 1821 in the First Corps of Cadets, from which issued an ensign in the Saratov Infantry Regiment. In 1825, he was promoted to a lieutenant in the same regiment. He became a member of the Society of United Slavs in 1825
1853 Ivan Timofeevich Kokorev a Russian writer.
1856 William Palmer (murderer) an English doctor found guilty of murder in one of the most notorious cases of the 19th century. Charles Dickens called Palmer "the greatest villain that ever stood in the Old Bailey"
1861 George Bishop (astronomer) a noted English astronomer of the nineteenth century.
1864 Leonidas Polk a Confederate general in the American Civil War who was once a planter in Maury County, Tennessee, and a second cousin of President James Polk. He also served as bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Louisiana and was for that reason known as Sewanee's Fighting Bishop
1873 Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer a German historian. He was the first scientific historian to popularise history in German. He travelled extensively and served in German legislative bodies
1874 Georg August Pritzel a German librarian and botanical writer.
1875 Heinrich Louis d'Arrest a German astronomer, born in Berlin. His name is sometimes given as Heinrich Ludwig d'Arrest
1876 Catherine Crowe an English novelist, story writer and playwright.
1883 Edward FitzGerald (poet) an English poet and writer, best known as the poet of the first and most famous English translation of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam. The writing of his name as both FitzGerald and Fitzgerald is seen. The use here of FitzGerald conforms with that of his own publications, anthologies such as Quiller-Couch's Oxford Book of English Verse, and most reference books up until about the 1960s
1886 Alexander Ostrovsky a Russian playwright, generally considered the greatest representative of the Russian realistic period. The author of 47 original plays, Ostrovsky "almost single-handedly created a Russian national repertoire." His dramas are among the most widely read and frequently performed stage pieces in Russia
1891 Nicolò Gabrielli an Italian opera composer.
1892 Eugène Borel a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1897 Charlotte Wolter born at Cologne, and began her artistic career at Budapest in 1857.
1899 Konrad Knoll a German sculptor.
1903 Karl Gegenbaur a German anatomist and professor who demonstrated that the field of comparative anatomy offers important evidence supporting of the theory of evolution. As a professor of anatomy at the University of Jena and at the University of Heidelberg , Carl Gegenbaur was a strong supporter of Charles Darwin's theory of organic evolution, having taught and worked, beginning in 1858, with Ernst Haeckel, 8 years his junior
1905 Tippu Tip a Swahili-Zanzibari trader. He was known by the natives of the African Great Lakes as Tippu Tib after the sounds that his many guns made. An ivory trader, explorer, plantation owner and governor, he worked for a succession of sultans of Zanzibar. He also traded in slaves for Zanzibar's clove plantations. He led many trading expeditions into Central Africa, as part of the large and lucrative ivory trade by constructing profitable trading posts that reached deep into Central Africa. He bought the ivory from central African suppliers who sold it to him for a low price
1907 Bartolomé Masó a Cuban politician and military, patriot for Cuban independence from the colonial power of Spain; and later President of the República en Armas.