Born on June 16

839 Rorgon I Count of Maine named for him. He was Count of Rennes from 819 and of Maine from 832 until his death
1139 Emperor Konoe the 76th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1332 Isabella de Coucy the eldest daughter of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault and the wife of Enguerrand VII, Lord of Coucy, by whom she had two daughters.
1514 John Cheke an English classical scholar and statesman, notable as the first Regius Professor of Greek at Cambridge University.
1550 Marie Eleonore of Cleves a Duchess consort of Prussia as the wife of Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia. She was the eldest child of William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and Maria of Austria
1578 Ioan Potcoavă a prominent Cossack ataman, and Voivode of Moldavia. His moniker is said to originate in the fact that he used to ride his stallions to the point of breaking off their horseshoes; another version says that he could break and unbend both horseshoes and coins with his fists
1583 Axel Oxenstierna a Swedish statesman. He became a member of the Swedish Privy Council in 1609 and served as Lord High Chancellor of Sweden from 1612 until his death. He was a confidant of first Gustavus Adolphus and then Queen Christina
1589 Albrycht Władysław Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble. Castellan of Troki from 1626 until 1633, castellan of Wilno from 1633. The 3rd ordynat of the Nieśwież Fee Tail, stolnik of Lithuania since 1620 and krajczy of Lithuania since 1622. Starost of Ryki and Szerszewy
1591 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo a rabbi, author, physician, mathematician, and music theorist.
1606 Arthur Chichester 1st Earl of Donegall an Irish aristocrat and soldier.
1613 John Cleveland an English poet.
1633 Jean de Thévenot a French traveller in the East, who wrote extensively about his journeys. He was also a linguist, natural scientist and botanist
1636 Charles de La Fosse born in Paris.
1637 Giovanni Paolo Colonna an Italian composer, teacher, organist and organ builder. In addition to being chapel-master and organist of San Petronio Basilica in Bologna, he served prominent members of the courts of Ferrara, Parma, Modena and Florence. He was a founder-member and president of the Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna. Emperor Leopold I collected manuscripts of his sacred music, which reflects the Roman church cantata style of Giacomo Carissimi and looks forward to the manner of George Frideric Handel
1640 Jacques Ozanam a French mathematician.
1644 Henrietta of England the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Fleeing England with her governess at the age of three, she moved to the court of her first cousin Louis XIV of France, where she was known as Minette. After she married Philippe of France, brother of King Louis XIV, known as Monsieur at court, she became known as Madame. Very popular with the court, her marriage was marked by frequent tensions. Henrietta was instrumental in negotiating the Secret Treaty of Dover prior to her unexpected death in June 1670. Jacobite claims to the throne of Great Britain following the death of Henry Benedict Stuart descend from her through her daughter Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia
1671 Johann Christoph Bach (1671–1721) a German musician and composer. He was the eldest brother of the more famous German musician and composer Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Christoph was born in Erfurt, where he studied under Johann Pachelbel, and his library of keyboard music included works by Pachelbel, Johann Jakob Froberger and Johann Kaspar Kerll. In 1690 he became organist at the Michaeliskirche at Ohrdruf, and in 1694 he was married there. He died, aged 49, in Ohrdruf
1697 Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye a French historian, classicist, philologist and lexicographer.
1713 Meshech Weare an American farmer, lawyer and revolutionary statesman from Seabrook and Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. He served as the first President of New Hampshire from 1776 to 1785
1718 Thomas Chippendale a London cabinet-maker and furniture designer in the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles. In 1754 he published a book of his designs, titled The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker's Director. The designs are regarded as reflecting the current London fashion for furniture for that period and were used by other cabinet makers outside London
1723 Adam Smith a Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneer of political economy. One of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments , and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. Smith is cited as the "father of modern economics" and is still among the most influential thinkers in the field of economics today
1738 Mary Katherine Goddard an early American publisher and the first American postmistress. She was the first to print the Declaration of Independence with the names of the signatories
1749 Gottlieb Conrad Christian Storr a German physician, chemist and naturalist.
1754 Franz Xaver von Zach a Hungarian astronomer born at Pest, Hungary. He studied physics in Pest, Hungary, and served for some time in the Austrian army. He taught at the University of Lemberg. He lived in Paris in 1780-83, and in London from 1783 to 1786 as tutor in the house of the Saxon ambassador, Hans Moritz von Brühl. In Paris and London he entered the circles of astronomers like Joseph de Lalande, Pierre-Simon Laplace and William Herschel. In 1786 he was appointed by Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg director of the new observatory on Seeberg hill at Gotha, which was finished in 1791. At the close of the 18th century, he organised the "Celestial Police", a group of twenty-four astronomers, to prepare for a systematic search for the "missing planet" predicted by the Titius-Bode law between Mars and Jupiter. Ceres was discovered by accident just as the search was getting underway. Using predictions made of the position of Ceres by Carl Friedrich Gauss, on 31 December 1801/1 January 1802, Zach recovered Ceres after it was lost during its passage behind the Sun. After the death of the duke in 1804, Zach accompanied the duke's widow on her travels in the south of Europe, and the two settled in Genoa in 1815 where he directed the Capodimonte Observatory. He moved back to Paris in 1827 and died there in 1832
1754 Salawat Yulayev a Bashkir national hero who participated in Pugachev's Rebellion.
1773 Luigi Rolando an Italian anatomist known for his pioneer research in brain localization of function.
1780 Ludwig von Welden an Austrian army officer whose career culminated in becoming the commander-in-chief of the Austrian artillery.
1782 Olry Terquem a French mathematician. He is known for his works in geometry and for founding two scientific journals, one of which was the first journal about the history of mathematics. He was also the pseudonymous author of a sequence of letters advocating Jewish reform. He was French Jewish
1792 John Linnell (painter) an English landscape and portrait painter and engraver. Linnell was a naturalist and a rival to John Constable. He had a taste for Northern European art of the Renaissance, particularly Albrecht Dürer. He also associated with William Blake, to whom he introduced Samuel Palmer and others of the Ancients
1793 Diego Portales a Chilean statesman and entrepreneur. As a minister of president José Joaquín Prieto Diego Portales played a pivotal role in shaping the state and government politics in the 19th century, delivering with the Constitution of 1833 the framework of the Chilean state for almost a century. Portales influential political stance included unitarianism, presidentialism and conservatism which led to consolidate Chile as a constitutional authoritarian republic with democracy restricted to include only upper class men
1797 Alexander Kazarsky a Russian Navy officer, the hero of the Russo-Turkish War. Kazarsky was the captain of brig Mercury and became famous after the victory in the battle against two Turkish ships of the line
1801 Julius Plücker a German mathematician and physicist. He made fundamental contributions to the field of analytical geometry and was a pioneer in the investigations of cathode rays that led eventually to the discovery of the electron. He also vastly extended the study of Lamé curves
1803 Johann Baptista Baltzer a German Catholic theologian.
1806 Edward Davy an English physician, scientist, and inventor who played a prominent role in the development of telegraphy, and invented an electric relay.
1808 Amalie Adlerberg an illegitimate daughter of Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, fathered by Bavarian diplomat Maximilian-Emmanuel Graf von und zu Lerchenfeld auf Köfering und Schönberg. Amalie's mother was an aunt of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of Tsar Nicholas I
1813 Otto Jahn a German archaeologist, philologist, and writer on art and music.
1819 Ilya Shumov a Russian chess master.
1820 Athanase Josué Coquerel a French Protestant theologian.
1821 Old Tom Morris a pioneer of professional golf. He was born in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, the "home of golf" and location of the St Andrews Links, and died there as well. His son was Tom Morris, , best known as "Young Tom Morris."
1822 Johan Fredrik Eckersberg a Norwegian painter most noted for his landscapes. Eckersberg was a prominent figure in the transition from Romanticism to Realism in 18th century Norwegian art, both as an artistic painter and a teacher at his own art school in Oslo
1826 Constantin von Ettingshausen an Austrian geologist and botanist.
1835 Józef Szujski a Polish politician, historian, poet and professor of the Jagiellonian University.
1836 Wesley Merritt a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War and the Spanish-American War. He is noted for distinguished service in the cavalry
1837 Ernst Laas a German philosopher.
1838 Frederic Archer a British composer, conductor and organist, born at Oxford, England. He studied music in London and Leipzig, and held musical positions in England and Scotland until 1880, when he became organist of Plymouth Church in Brooklyn, New York. Archer was later appointed conductor of the Boston, Massachusetts Oratorio Society, director of Carnegie Music Hall in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and in 1899 organist of the Church of the Ascension in Pittsburgh. In 1896 he established the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. He founded, in 1885, The Keynote, which for a time he edited, and also published several books and numerous organ compositions
1838 Cushman Kellogg Davis an American politician who served as the seventh Governor of Minnesota from January 7, 1874 to January 7, 1876 and as a U.S. Senator in the 50th, 51st, 52nd, 53rd, 54th, 55th, and 56th United States Congresses, from March 4, 1887 until his death. Senator Davis served in the peace treaty talks that ended the Spanish-American War. He was a Republican
1839 Adolf Breymann a German sculptor.
1840 Ernst Otto Schlick a German naval engineer. He tried to solve the problem of rolling of ships at sea by installing large gyroscopes. The gyroscopic "stabilizers" gave disappointing or dangerous results in practice. An Englishman before him in 1868, Henry Bessemer had tried to use hydraulics and a spirit level watched by the steersman to stabilize ship rolls, also with dangerous results
1843 David Popper a Bohemian cellist and composer.
1843 Constantine Esperovich Beloselsky-Belozersky Prince Constantine Esperovich Beloselsky-Belozersky - Russian general, landowner and horse breeder.