Died on June 16

956 Hugh the Great the Duke of the Franks and Count of Paris.
1106 Benno a Bishop of Meissen in Germany. Little is known of Benno's early life. It is unlikely that he was the scion of a Saxon noble family, the Woldenburgs.It is also unlikely that in his youth he entered and was educated at the monastery of Michael in Hildesheim despite the claims of later hagiographers
1185 Richeza of Poland Queen of Castile a Polish princess of the House of Piast in the Silesian branch. By her marriages she was Queen consort of León and Castile, Countess of Provence, and Countess of Everstein
1381 Siemowit III Duke of Masovia a prince of Masovia and a co-regent of the lands of Warsaw, Czersk, Rawa, Gostynin and other parts of Masovia.
1397 Philip of Artois Count of Eu Count of Eu from 1387 until his death, succeeding his brother Robert.
1424 Johannes Ambundii a German ecclesiastic. Ambundii is thought to be born in the area of Stettin in Pomerania. He studied at the Juristical University of Prague, and graduated in 1391. Later, he got his doctor in theology and canonical law
1468 Jean Le Fevre de Saint-Remy a Burgundian chronicler and seigneur of Saint Remy. He is also known as Toison d'or because he served as King of Arms to the Order of the Golden Fleece
1478 Przemko II Duke of Opava a member of the Opava branch of the Přemyslid dynasty. He was Duke of Opava from 1433 until his death. From 1466, he was also a member of the cathedral chapter of Wrocław. In older literature, he is sometimes confused with his nephew Przemko III
1487 John de la Pole 1st Earl of Lincoln a leading figure in the Yorkist aristocracy during the Wars of the Roses. He was de facto heir to the throne under the reign of his uncle Richard III of England, following the attainder that excluded Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick
1555 Pedro Mascarenhas a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the island of Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean in 1512. He also encountered the Indian Ocean island of Mauritius in 1512, although he may not have been the first Portuguese explorer to do so; earlier expeditions by Diogo Dias and Afonso de Albuquerque along with Diogo Fernandes Pereira may have encountered the islands. In 1528 explorer Diogo Rodrigues named the islands of Réunion, Mauritius, and Rodrigues the Mascarene Islands, after Mascarenhas
1620 Carlo Saraceni an Italian early-Baroque painter, whose reputation as a "first-class painter of the second rank" was improved with the publication of a modern monograph in 1968.
1626 Christian the Younger of Brunswick a German Protestant military leader during the Thirty Years' War. During the war, he earned a reputation as a dangerous fanatic
1666 Sir Richard Fanshawe 1st Baronet an English poet and translator. He was a diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1661 to 1666. During the English Civil War he supported the Royalist cause and served King Charles II in battle and in exile
1671 Stepan Razin a Cossack leader who led a major uprising against the nobility and Tsar's bureaucracy in South Russia.
1687 François de Beauvilliers 1st duc de Saint-Aignan a French military leader, administrator and man of letters. He was peer of France and a member of the Académie française
1705 Adriaen van der Cabel a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter active in France and Italy.
1707 Marie de Nemours the daughter of Henri II d'Orléans, duc de Longueville. After the death of her brother Jean Louis Charles d'Orléans-Longueville in 1694 she succeeded him as sovereign Princess of Neuchâtel, by then the last monarchical state within the Swiss Confederation, although she remained a prominent member of the French royal court
1711 Maria Amalia of Courland a German noblewoman. A princess of Courland from the Ketteler family, she was also Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel via her marriage on 21 May 1673 to her first cousin Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. She was the child of Jacob Kettler and Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg, eldest daughter of George William, Elector of Brandenburg
1712 Hans-Adam I Prince of Liechtenstein the son of Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein and Johanna Beatrix, Princess von Dietrichstein zu Nikolsburg.
1722 John Churchill 1st Duke of Marlborough an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs. Rising from a lowly page at the court of the House of Stuart, he served James, Duke of York, through the 1670s and early 1680s, earning military and political advancement through his courage and diplomatic skill. Churchill's role in defeating the Monmouth Rebellion in 1685 helped secure James on the throne, yet just three years later he abandoned his Catholic patron for the Protestant Dutchman, William of Orange. Honoured for his services at William's coronation with the earldom of Marlborough, he served with further distinction in the early years of the Nine Years' War, but persistent charges of Jacobitism brought about his fall from office and temporary imprisonment in the Tower. It was not until the accession of Queen Anne in 1702 that Marlborough reached the zenith of his powers and secured his fame and fortune
1742 Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans Queen consort of Spain as the wife of King Louis I.
1743 Louise Françoise de Bourbon Duchess of Bourbon the eldest surviving legitimised daughter of Louis XIV of France and his maîtresse-en-titre, Madame de Montespan. She was said to have been named after her godmother, Louise de La Vallière, the woman that her mother had replaced as the king's mistress. Prior to her marriage, she was known at court as Mademoiselle de Nantes
1748 Jean Philippe d'Orléans an illegitimate son of Philippe d'Orléans, nephew and son-in-law of Louis XIV.
1749 Johann Baptista Ruffini an important salt trader in Bavaria.
1752 Joseph Butler an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire. He is known, among other things, for his critique of Thomas Hobbes's egoism and John Locke's theory of personal identity. During his life and after his death, Butler influenced many philosophers, including David Hume, Thomas Reid, and Adam Smith
1771 Louis Count of Clermont a member of the cadet Bourbon-Condé branch of the French royal house. He is known for leading French forces in Germany during the Seven Years' War where he took command in 1758 following the failed French Invasion of Hanover. He was unable to break through Ferdinand of Brunswick's Anglo-German army and captured Hanover. He was Count of Clermont from birth
1777 Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset a French poet and dramatist, best known for his poem Vert-Vert.
1778 Konrad Ekhof a German actor, widely regarded as one of the foremost actors of the German-speaking realm in the 18th century.
1779 Sir Francis Bernard 1st Baronet a British colonial administrator who served as governor of the provinces of New Jersey and Massachusetts Bay. His uncompromising policies and harsh tactics in Massachusetts angered the colonists and were instrumental in the building of broad-based opposition within the province to the rule of Parliament in the events leading to the American Revolution
1786 Stanisław Ferdynand Rzewuski a Polish noble. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on 1760
1792 Benjamin Tupper a soldier in the French and Indian War, and an officer of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, achieving the rank of brevet brigadier general. Subsequently, he served as a Massachusetts legislator, and he assisted Gen. William Shepard in stopping Shays' Rebellion. Benjamin Tupper was a co-founder of the Ohio Company of Associates, and was a pioneer to the Ohio Country, involved in establishing Marietta, Ohio as the first permanent settlement in the Northwest Territory
1796 Charles of Saxony Duke of Courland a German prince from the House of Wettin and Duke of Courland.
1804 Johann Adam Hiller a German composer, conductor and writer on music, regarded as the creator of the Singspiel, an early form of German opera. In many of these operas he collaborated with the poet Christian Felix Weiße. Furthermore, Hiller was a teacher who encouraged musical education for women, his pupils including Elisabeth Mara and Corona Schröter. He was Kapellmeister of Abel Seyler's theatrical company, and became the first Kapellmeister of Leipzig Gewandhaus
1812 Franz Pforr a painter of the German Nazarene movement.
1815 Frederick William Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German prince and Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Oels. Nicknamed "The Black Duke", he was a military officer who led the Black Brunswickers against French domination in Germany. He briefly ruled the state of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1806-1807
1818 Ferdinand von Wintzingerode a German nobleman and officer in several different armies of the Napoleonic Wars, finally ending up as a general in the Imperial Russian army and fighting in the War of the Sixth Coalition against the French invasion of Russia and the subsequent campaigns in Germany and France. He appears in Tolstoy's War and Peace
1824 Charles-François Lebrun duc de Plaisance a French statesman.
1833 Alexander Kazarsky a Russian Navy officer, the hero of the Russo-Turkish War. Kazarsky was the captain of brig Mercury and became famous after the victory in the battle against two Turkish ships of the line
1837 Valentino Fioravanti a celebrated Italian composer of opera buffas.
1843 William Cathcart 1st Earl Cathcart born at Petersham, and educated at Eton.
1848 Louis II Grand Duke of Hesse Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1830 until 5 March 1848. He was the son of Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse
1849 Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette a German theologian and biblical scholar.
1850 William Lawson (explorer) a pastoralist and explorer of New South Wales, Australia who co-discovered a passage inland through the Blue Mountains from Sydney.
1858 John Snow (physician) an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anaesthesia and medical hygiene. He is considered one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, in part because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak in Soho, London, in 1854. His findings inspired fundamental changes in the water and waste systems of London, which led to similar changes in other cities, and a significant improvement in general public health around the world
1860 Daniel Chonkadze a Georgian novelist primarily known for his resonant novella Suramis tsikhe.
1862 Hidenoyama Raigorō a sumo wrestler from Kesennuma, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 9th yokozuna. He was also known as Amatsukaze Kumoemon , Tatsugami Kumoemon and Iwamigata Jōemon
1864 Pedro Santana a wealthy cattle rancher, soldier, politician and dictator of the Dominican Republic. He was born in the city of Hinche, which was part of the Colony of Santo Domingo and at the time, the third largest city of the Spanish colony, with 12,000 inhabitants. Currently, Hinche is located in Haiti. He was the first constitutional President of the Dominican Republic, and the first Marqués de las Carreras
1869 Bronisław Trentowski a Polish "Messianist" philosopher, pedagogist, journalist and Freemason, and the chief representative of the Polish Messianist "national philosophy.".
1869 Charles Sturt a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led several expeditions into the interior of the continent, starting from both Sydney and later from Adelaide. His expeditions traced several of the westward-flowing rivers, establishing that they all merged into the Murray River. He was searching to determine if there was an "inland sea"
1872 Norman Macleod (1812–1872) a Scottish clergyman and author.