June 16 events in history

363 Emperor Julian marches back up the Tigris and burns his fleet of supply ships. During the withdrawal Roman forces suffering several attacks from the Persians
632 Yazdegerd III ascends to the throne as king (shah) of the Persian Empire. He becomes the last ruler of the Sasanian dynasty (modern Iran)
1407 Ming–Hồ War: Retired King Hồ Quý Ly and his son King Hồ Hán Thương of Hồ dynasty are captured by the Ming armies
1487 Battle of Stoke Field, the final engagement of the Wars of the Roses
1586 Mary, Queen of Scots, recognizes Philip II of Spain as her heir and successor
1745 British troops take Cape Breton Island, which is now part of Nova Scotia, Canada
1745 War of the Austrian Succession: New England colonial troops under the command of William Pepperrell capture the French Fortress of Louisbourg in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia (Old Style)
1746 War of Austrian Succession: Austria and Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza
1755 French and Indian War: the French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians
1774 Foundation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky
1779 Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the Great Siege of Gibraltar begins
1795 First Battle of Groix otherwise known as "Cornwallis' Retreat"
1815 Battle of Ligny and Battle of Quatre Bras, two days before the Battle of Waterloo
1816 Lord Byron reads Fantasmagoriana to his four house guests at the Villa Diodati, Percy Shelley, Mary Shelley, Claire Clairmont, and John Polidori, and inspires his challenge that each guest write a ghost story, which culminated in Mary Shelley writing the novel Frankenstein, John Polidori writing the short story The Vampyre, and Byron writing the poem Darkness
1836 The formation of the London Working Men's Association gives rise to the Chartist Movement
1846 The Papal conclave of 1846 concludes. Pope Pius IX is elected Pope beginning the longest reign in the history of the papacy
1858 Abraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois
1858 The Battle of Morar takes place during the Indian Mutiny
1871 The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests (except for those intending to study theology)
1883 The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
1884 The first purpose-built roller coaster, LaMarcus Adna Thompson's "Switchback Railway", opens in New York's Coney Island amusement park
1891 John Abbott becomes Canada's third Prime Minister
1897 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later
1903 The Ford Motor Company is incorporated
1903 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage, leaving Oslo, Norway
1904 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland
1904 Irish author James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle and subsequently uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses; this date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday"
1911 IBM founded as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company in Endicott, New York
1911 A 772 gram stony meteorite strikes the earth near Kilbourn, Wisconsin damaging a barn
1915 Foundation of the British Women's Institute
1922 General election in the Irish Free State: the pro-Treaty Sinn Féin win a large majority
1924 The Whampoa Military Academy is founded
1925 The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the Soviet Union, Artek, is established
1930 Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR
1933 The National Industrial Recovery Act is passed
1940 World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français)
1940 A Communist government is installed in Lithuania
1944 At age 14, George Junius Stinney, Jr. becomes the youngest person executed in the United States in the 20th century
1948 Members of the Malayan Communist Party kill three British plantation managers in Sungai Siput; in response, British Malaya declares a state of emergency
1955 In a futile effort to topple President Juan Perón, rogue aircraft pilots of the Argentine Navy drop several bombs upon an unarmed crowd demonstrating in favor of Perón in Buenos Aires, killing 364 and injuring at least 800. At the same time on the ground, some forces soldiers attempt to stage a coup but are suppressed by loyal forces
1958 Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter and other leaders of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising are executed
1961 Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union
1963 Soviet Space Program: Vostok 6 Mission – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space
1967 The Monterey Pop Festival begins
1972 The largest single-site hydroelectric power project in Canada is inaugurated at Churchill Falls Generating Station
1976 Soweto uprising: a non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd
1977 Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California, as Software Development Laboratories (SDL) by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates
1981 U.S. President Ronald Reagan awards the Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor, Canada's former ambassador to Iran, for helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis of 1979-81; he is the first foreign citizen bestowed the honor
1989 Revolutions of 1989: Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister, is reburied in Budapest following the collapse of Communism in Hungary
2000 Israel complies with United Nations Security Council Resolution 425 22 years after its issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel does so, except the disputed Shebaa farms