Born on June 17

801 Drogo of Metz an illegitimate son of Frankish emperor Charlemagne by the concubine Regina.
900 Fulk (archbishop of Reims) the Archbishop of Reims from 882 until his death. He was the chief opponent of the non-Carolingian king of France, Odo, in the last quarter of the 9th century. He was the brother of Anscar I, Margrave of Ivrea
1530 François de Montmorency the eldest son of the first Duc de Montmorency, Anne.
1571 Thomas Mun an English writer on economics who has been called the last of the early mercantilists. He was among the first to recognize the exportation of service, or invisible items, as valuable trade, and made early statements strongly in support of capitalism. He had a set of "means to enrich a kingdom" which supported foreign trade by means of exporting more than importing. In other words if you spend more than you make then your wealth will decrease. In order to increase your exports and decrease your imports he said that you must: 1. use all available resources, 2. Don't follow trends and if you do follow trends then only follow domestic ones, 3. export through your own means, and 4. if it is too expensive to buy locally then people will buy somewhere else
1579 Louis I Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the unified principality of Anhalt. From 1603, he was ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen. He was also a founder of the first German Society
1603 Joseph of Cupertino O.F.M. Conv. was an Italian Conventual Franciscan friar who is honored as a Christian mystic and saint. He was said to have been remarkably unclever, but prone to miraculous levitation and intense ecstatic visions that left him gaping.:iii
1604 John Maurice Prince of Nassau-Siegen count and prince of Nassau-Siegen, and Grand Master of the Order of Saint John.
1607 Lacuzon the name given to the Franc-Comtois leader Claude Prost.
1656 Paul Thymich a German poet.
1660 Jan van Mieris a Dutch painter.
1667 Robert Tournières a French painter. After the Second World War, a street in the new Saint-Paul district of his birthplace of Caen was named rue Robert Tournières
1672 Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Homburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Hesse and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weimar.
1682 Charles XII of Sweden the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. He assumed power, after a seven-month caretaker government, at the age of fifteen
1691 Giovanni Paolo Panini mainly known as one of the vedutisti. As a painter, Panini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are his view of the interior of the Pantheon , and his vedute—paintings of picture galleries containing views of Rome. Most of his works, specially those of ruins, have a fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio themes. In this they resemble the capricci of Marco Ricci. Panini also painted portraits, including one of Pope Benedict XIV
1693 Diego de Torres Villarroel a Spanish writer, poet, dramatist, doctor, mathematician, priest and professor of the University of Salamanca. His most famous work is his autobiography, Vida, ascendencia, nacimiento, crianza y aventuras del Doctor Don Diego de Torres Villarroel
1693 Johann Georg Walch a German Lutheran theologian.
1704 John Kay (flying shuttle) the inventor of the flying shuttle, which was a key contribution to the Industrial Revolution. He is often confused with his namesake, who built the first "spinning frame"
1714 César-François Cassini de Thury a French astronomer and cartographer.
1718 George Howard (British Army officer) a British military officer and politician. After commanding the 3rd Regiment of Foot at the Battle of Fontenoy in May 1745 during the War of the Austrian Succession and after commanding that regiment again at the Battle of Falkirk Muir and the Battle of Culloden during the Jacobite Rebellion, he returned to the continent and fought at the Battle of Lauffeld. He went on to command a brigade at the Battle of Warburg during the Seven Years' War. He subsequently became the Governor of Minorca
1746 Joseph Winston Col. Joseph Winston was an American pioneer, planter and Revolutionary War hero from North Carolina, and the first cousin of statesman and Virginia governor Patrick Henry. In 1766, Winston moved to the northern part of Rowan County, North Carolina, the area which subsequently became the current Stokes County, North Carolina
1778 Gregory Blaxland an English pioneer farmer and explorer in Australia, noted for initiating and co-leading the first successful crossing of the Blue Mountains by European settlers.
1780 Antoni Potocki (1780–1850) a Polish nobleman.
1784 Friedrich Thiersch a German classical scholar and educationist.
1787 Princess Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen the child of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg and his wife, Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She was the wife of Prince Paul of Wurttemberg and mother to his five children
1788 Johann Heinrich Achterfeldt a German theologian.
1790 Abel P. Upshur an American lawyer, judge and politician from Virginia. Upshur was active in Virginia state politics and later served as Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of State during the Whig administration of President John Tyler. Upshur was instrumental in negotiating the secret treaty that led to the 1845 annexation of Texas to the United States and played a key role in ensuring that Texas was admitted to the United States as a slave state. He was among six people killed on February 28, 1844, when a gun exploded during an official function on board the President's steam warship USS Princeton
1791 Roberto Cofresí a pirate from Puerto Rico. He became interested in sailing at a young age, when he acquired his first ship and became acquainted with the Mona Passage. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries there were political and economic difficulties in Puerto Rico, which at the time was a colony of the Spanish Empire. Upon reaching adulthood, Roberto Cofresí decided to abandon a merchant's life and became a pirate. Commanding a crew out of Isla de Mona they navigated between Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and Saint Thomas, leading several assaults against cargo and merchant vessels. Historians have speculated that Cofresí may have served as a privateer prior to this, likely aboard the Escipión, a ship owned by one of his cousins named José María Ramírez de Arellano. He established a reputation for being difficult to capture, successfully avoiding the Spanish Armed Forces and United States Navy, and also suddenly escaping from a Dominican jail. This was accomplished with the help of civil informants and associates - a web so vast that it took 14 years after his death to fully dismantle it
1800 William Parsons 3rd Earl of Rosse an Anglo-Irish astronomer who had several telescopes built. His 72-inch telescope, built in 1845 and colloquially known of as the "Leviathan of Parsonstown", was the world's largest telescope, in terms of aperture size, until the early 20th century. From 1807 until 1841, he was styled as Baron Oxmantown
1802 Hermann Goldschmidt a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a painter, but after attending a lecture by the famous French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier turned to astronomy. His discovery of the asteroid Lutetia in 1852 was followed by further findings and by 1861 Goldschmidt had discovered 14 asteroids. He received the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1861 for having discovered more asteroids than any other person up to that time. He died from complications of diabetes
1808 Henrik Wergeland a Norwegian writer, most celebrated for his poetry but also a prolific playwright, polemicist, historian, and linguist. He is often described as a leading pioneer in the development of a distinctly Norwegian literary heritage and of modern Norwegian culture
1810 Ferdinand Freiligrath a German poet, translator and liberal agitator.
1811 Jón Sigurðsson the leader of the 19th century Icelandic independence movement.
1811 Adolphe d'Ennery a French Jewish dramatist and novelist.
1811 Pelegrí Clavé a Catalonian painter in the Romantic style who lived and taught in Mexico for many years.
1818 Charles Gounod a French composer, best known for his Ave Maria, based on a work by Bach, as well as his opera Faust. Another opera by Gounod, occasionally still performed, is Roméo et Juliette
1818 Sophie of Württemberg Queen of the Netherlands as the first wife of King William III.
1821 E. G. Squier an American archaeologist and newspaper editor.
1822 Wilhelm Joseph von Wasielewski a German violinist, conductor, and musicologist.
1823 J. H. Hobart Ward John Henry Hobart Ward , most commonly referred to as J.H. Hobart Ward, was a career United States Army soldier who fought in the Mexican–American War and served in the New York state militia. He also served as a Union general during the American Civil War
1828 Johann Nepomuk Czermak an Austrian-German physiologist who was a native of Prague.
1829 Meyer Kayserling a German rabbi and historian.
1832 Charles Baron Clarke a British botanist. He was born at Andover, the eldest son of Turner Poulter Clarke. He was educated at King's College School, London, and at Trinity and Queens' Colleges, Cambridge. He began the study of law at Lincoln's Inn in 1856 and was called to the bar in 1860. He lectured in mathematics at Presidency College, Calcutta, from 1857 to 1865. Clarke was Inspector of Schools in Eastern Bengal and later of India, and superintendent of the Calcutta Botanical Garden from 1869 to 1871. He retired from the Indian Civil Service in 1887. He was president of the Linnean Society from 1894 to 1896, and was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1882. He worked at Royal Botanic Gardens Kew until his death in 1906
1832 William Crookes a British chemist and physicist who attended the Royal College of Chemistry, London, and worked on spectroscopy. He was a pioneer of vacuum tubes, inventing the Crookes tube. Crookes was the inventor of the Crookes radiometer, which today is made and sold as a novelty item
1833 Ciriaco María Sancha y Hervás a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Toledo, Primate of Spain and Patriarch of the West Indies.
1835 Eugène Borel a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1837 Victor André Cornil a French pathologist, histologist and politician born in Cusset, Allier.
1839 Henry Holiday an English historical genre and landscape painter, stained glass designer, illustrator and sculptor. He is considered to be a member of the Pre-Raphaelite school of art
1841 Karl Ivanovich Weber a diplomat of the Russian Empire and a personal friend to King Gojong of Korea's Joseon Dynasty. He is best known for his 1885–1897 service as Russia's first consul general to Korea
1841 Antonio Pacinotti an Italian physicist, who was Professor of Physics at the University of Pisa.
1848 Victor Maurel a French operatic baritone who enjoyed an international reputation as a great singing-actor.