Died on June 17

629 Shahrbaraz king of the Sasanian Empire from 27 April 629 to 17 June 629. He usurped the throne from Ardashir III, and was killed by Sasanian nobles after forty days. Before usurping the Sasanian throne he was a general under Khosrau His name Shahrbaraz is actually an honorific title, and means "the Boar of the Empire", attesting to his dexterity in military command and his warlike person, as the boar was the animal associated with the Zoroastrian Izad Vahram, the epitome of victory
656 Uthman a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and the third of the Sunni Rashidun or "Rightly Guided Caliphs". Born into a prominent Meccan clan of the Quraysh tribe, he played a major role in early Islamic history, succeeding Umar ibn al-Khattab as caliph at age 65. He was also the prophet's son-in-law twice, being married to two of the prophet’s daughters Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum
676 Pope Adeodatus II Pope from 11 April 672 to his death in 676. Little is known about him. Most surviving records indicate that Adeodatus was known for his generosity, especially when it came to the poor and to pilgrims
811 Sakanoue no Tamuramaro a general and shogun of the early Heian Period of Japan. He was the son of Sakanoue no Karitamaro
850 Tachibana no Kachiko a Japanese empress, the chief consort of Emperor Saga and the daughter of Tachibana no Kiyotomo.
1025 Bolesław I Chrobry a Duke of Poland during 992–1025 and the first crowned King of Poland since 18 April 1025 until his death two months later. He was also Duke of Bohemia as Boleslav IV during 1002–03
1091 Dirk V Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1061 to 1091.
1219 David of Scotland Earl of Huntingdon a Scottish prince and Earl of Huntingdon. He was, until 1198, heir to the Scottish throne
1501 John I Albert King of Poland and Duke of Głogów.
1565 Ashikaga Yoshiteru the 13th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan. He was the eldest son of the 12th shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiharu; and his mother was a daughter of Konoe Hisamichi. When he became shogun in 1546 at age 11, Yoshiteru's name was Yoshifushi ; but some years later in 1554, he changed his name to the one by which he is conventionally known today. His younger brother Ashikaga Yoshiaki would become the fifteenth shogun
1620 Mikołaj Zebrzydowski of Radwan Coat of Arms, voivode of Lublin from 1589, Grand Crown Marshal 1596–1600, voivode of Kraków from 1601. He is famous for an armed rebellion against King Sigismund III Vasa, the Zebrzydowski Rebellion, a rokosz named after himself. It took place in 1606, and was defeated by 1607. After the failed rebellion, he sponsored the creation of the Roman Catholic monastery of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska, which is regarded as one of the most important pilgrimage sites of Poland
1631 Mumtaz Mahal For other uses, see Mumtaz Mahal.
1649 Stanisław Lubomirski (1583–1649) a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman.
1651 Francesco Piccolomini (Jesuit) Very Rev. Francesco Piccolomini, S.J. was an Italian Jesuit, elected the 8th Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
1665 Maria Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp by marriage landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1666 Carlo de' Medici (cardinal) the son of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christina of Lorraine. Born in Florence, he had a successful career in the Church, rising to become Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Dean of the College of Cardinals
1694 Philip Howard (cardinal) Hon. Philip Howard was an English Roman Catholic cardinal. Born the third son of Henry Frederick Howard and his wife, Elizabeth Stuart , Howard was a member of the premier Catholic family in England. At the age of sixteen he joined the Dominican Order in Cremona, and was ordained in 1652. He founded the priory of Bornem in Flanders, with a college for English youths attached to it, and was himself the first prior and novice master. He also founded at Vilvoorde a convent of nuns of the Second Order of Saint Dominic, now at Carisbrooke on the Isle of Wight
1696 John III Sobieski one of the most notable monarchs of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1719 Joseph Addison an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine
1724 Benedetto Luti an Italian painter.
1729 Jean Meslier a French Catholic priest who was discovered, upon his death, to have written a book-length philosophical essay promoting atheism. Described by the author as his "testament" to his parishioners, the text denounces all religion
1734 Claude Louis Hector de Villars the last great general of Louis XIV of France and one of the most brilliant commanders in French military history, one of only six Marshals who have been promoted to Marshal General of France.
1738 Sava Vladislavich a Serbian diplomat, count and merchant-adventurer in the employ of Peter the Great who conducted important diplomatic negotiations in Constantinople, Rome and Beijing. His most lasting achievement was the Treaty of Kiakhta, which regulated relations between the Russian Empire and the Qing Empire until the mid-19th century. Also, he was an author of a whole number of pamphlets, monographs, treaties and letters concerned with liberating the lands of the Slavs, then occupied by the Ottoman Empire and the forces of Leopold I
1739 Malcolm Sinclair (Swedish nobleman) a Swedish officer, nobleman and envoy who was murdered by two Russian officers on his way home from the Ottoman Empire. The assassination eventually sparked the Russo–Swedish War of 1741–1743 and also inspired the so-called Sinclairvisan, a song about Sinclair by Anders Odel
1740 Sir William Wyndham 3rd Baronet an English Tory statesman, who served as Secretary at War in 1712 and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1713. He was leader of the Tory opposition in the House of Commons during the reign of King George I and during the early years of King George II
1747 Avdotya Chernysheva a Russian noble and lady in waiting. She was the royal mistress of Tsar Peter the Great of Russia. She was the daughter of Prince Ivan Ivanovitj Rzyevskiy and Daria Gavrilovna and in 1710 married to Prince Grigorij Petrovitj Chernyshev
1762 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon a French poet and tragedian.
1771 Daskalogiannis a wealthy shipbuilder and shipowner who led a Cretan revolt against Ottoman rule in the 18th century.
1775 Joseph Warren an American doctor who played a leading role in American Patriot organizations in Boston in early days of the American Revolution, eventually serving as president of the revolutionary Massachusetts Provincial Congress. Warren enlisted Paul Revere and William Dawes on April 18, 1775, to leave Boston and spread the alarm that the British garrison in Boston was setting out to raid the town of Concord and arrest rebel leaders John Hancock and Samuel Adams. Warren participated in the next day's Battles of Lexington and Concord, which are commonly considered to be the opening engagements of the American Revolutionary War
1775 John Pitcairn a British Marine officer who was stationed in Boston, Massachusetts at the start of the American Revolutionary War.
1791 Selina Hastings Countess of Huntingdon an English religious leader who played a prominent part in the religious revival of the 18th century and the Methodist movement in England and Wales, and has left a Christian denomination in England and in Sierra Leone in Africa.
1794 Henri Admirat a notable figure in the French Revolution. He was executed on the guillotine for attempting to assassinate Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois
1794 Marguerite-Élie Guadet a French political figure of the Revolutionary period.
1795 Gilbert Romme a French politician and mathematician who developed the French Republican Calendar.
1797 Mohammad Khan Qajar the chief of the Qajar tribe, succeeding his father Mohammad Hassan Khan, who was killed on the orders of Adil Shah. He became the Emperor/Shah of Persia in 1794 and established the Qajar dynasty. He was succeeded by his nephew, Fat′h Ali Shah Qajar
1813 Charles Middleton 1st Baron Barham a British naval officer and politician.
1821 Martín Miguel de Güemes a military leader and popular caudillo who defended northwestern Argentina from the Spanish during the Argentine War of Independence.
1839 Lord William Bentinck a British soldier and statesman. He served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835
1842 Arthur Conolly a British intelligence officer, explorer and writer. He was a captain of the 6th Bengal Light Cavalry in the service of the British East India Company. He participated in many reconnaissance missions into Central Asia and coined the term The Great Game to describe the struggle between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for domination over Central Asia
1843 Johann Natterer an Austrian naturalist and explorer.
1846 Jean-Gaspard Deburau a celebrated Bohemian-French mime. He performed from around 1819 to the year of his death at the Théâtre des Funambules, which was immortalized in Marcel Carné's poetic-realist film Children of Paradise , where he appears as a major character. His most famous pantomimic creation was Pierrot—a character that served as the godfather of all the Pierrots of Romantic, Decadent, Symbolist, and early Modernist theater and art
1854 Henriette Sontag a German operatic soprano of great international renown. She possessed a sweet-toned, lyrical voice and was a brilliant exponent of florid singing
1858 Rani Lakshmibai the rani of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in the subcontinent
1862 Charles Canning 1st Earl Canning an English statesman and Governor-General of India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
1864 William Cureton an English Orientalist.
1866 Joseph Méry a French writer.
1868 George Arnott Walker-Arnott a Scottish botanist.
1870 Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte a son of Elizabeth Patterson and Jérôme Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon I.
1881 James Starley an English inventor and father of the bicycle industry. He was one of the most innovative and successful builders of bicycles and tricycles. His inventions include the differential gear and the perfection of chain-driven bicycles
1885 Edwin Freiherr von Manteuffel a German Generalfeldmarschall noted for his victories in the Franco-Prussian War.