June 17 events in history

1462 Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II (The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat from Wallachia
1497 Battle of Deptford Bridge – forces under King Henry VII defeat troops led by Michael An Gof
1565 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinates the 13th Ashikaga shogun, Ashikaga Yoshiteru
1579 Sir Francis Drake claims a land he calls Nova Albion (modern California) for England
1596 The Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz discovers the Arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen
1631 Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, will spend the next 17 years building her mausoleum, the Taj Mahal
1673 French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet reach the Mississippi River and become the first Europeans to make a detailed account of its course
1773 Cúcuta, Colombia, is discovered by Juana Rangel de Cuéllar
1775 American Revolutionary War: Colonists inflict heavy casualties on British forces while losing the Battle of Bunker Hill
1789 In France, the Third Estate declares itself the National Assembly
1795 The burghers of Swellendam expel the Dutch East India Company magistrate and declare a republic
1839 In the Kingdom of Hawaii, Kamehameha III issues the edict of toleration which gives Roman Catholics the freedom to worship in the Hawaiian Islands. The Hawaii Catholic Church and the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace are established as a result
1843 The Wairau Affray, the first serious clash of arms between Māori and British settlers in the New Zealand Wars, takes place
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Vienna, Virginia
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Aldie in the Gettysburg Campaign
1876 American Indian Wars: Battle of the Rosebud – 1,500 Sioux and Cheyenne led by Crazy Horse beat back General George Crook's forces at Rosebud Creek in Montana Territory
1877 American Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon – the Nez Perce defeat the U.S. Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory
1885 The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor
1898 The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established
1900 Boxer Rebellion: Allied Western and Japanese forces capture the Taku Forts in Tianjin, China
1901 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT
1910 Aurel Vlaicu pilots an A. Vlaicu nr. 1 on its first flight
1930 U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into law
1932 Bonus Army: Around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the U.S. Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits
1933 Union Station Massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, four FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash are gunned down by gangsters attempting to free Nash
1939 Last public guillotining in France: Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the Saint-Pierre prison
1940 World War II: RMS Lancastria is attacked and sunk by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France. At least 3,000 are killed in Britain's worst maritime disaster
1940 World War II: The British Army's 11th Hussars assault and take Fort Capuzzo in Libya, Africa from Italian forces
1940 The three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania fall under the occupation of the Soviet Union
1944 Iceland declares independence from Denmark and becomes a republic
1953 East Germany Workers Uprising: In East Germany, the Soviet Union orders a division of troops into East Berlin to quell a rebellion
1958 The Ironworkers Memorial Second Narrows Crossing, in the process of being built to connect Vancouver and North Vancouver (Canada), collapses into the Burrard Inlet killing many of the ironworkers and injuring others
1960 The Nez Perce tribe is awarded $4 million for 7 million acres (28,000 km2) of land undervalued at 4 cents/acre in the 1863 treaty
1963 The United States Supreme Court rules 8–1 in Abington School District v. Schempp against requiring the reciting of Bible verses and the Lord's Prayer in public schools
1963 A day after South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem announced the Joint Communique to end the Buddhist crisis, a riot involving around 2,000 people breaks out. One person is killed
1967 The People's Republic of China announces a successful test of its first thermonuclear weapon
1971 President Richard Nixon declares the U.S. War on Drugs
1972 Watergate scandal: Five White House operatives are arrested for burgling the offices of the Democratic National Committee, in an attempt by some members of the Republican party to illegally wiretap the opposition
1985 STS-51-G Space Shuttle Discovery launches carrying Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the first Arab and first Muslim in space, as a Payload Specialist
1987 With the death of the last individual of the species, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct
1991 Apartheid: The South African Parliament repeals the Population Registration Act which required racial classification of all South Africans at birth
1992 A "joint understanding" agreement on arms reduction is signed by U.S. President George Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin (this would be later codified in START II)
1994 Following a televised low-speed highway chase, O.J. Simpson is arrested for the murders of his wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman