Born on June 18

816 Wulfar the archbishop of Reims from 812 until his death. He was an important administrator in the Carolingian Empire, both before and during his episcopate, under the emperors Charlemagne and Louis the Pious
1269 Eleanor of England Countess of Bar an English princess, the eldest surviving daughter of King Edward I of England and his first wife, Queen Eleanor of Castile.
1318 Eleanor of Woodstock an English princess and countess consort of Guelders by marriage. She was regent of Guelders as the guardian of her minor son from 1343 until 1344
1332 John V Palaiologos a Byzantine emperor, who succeeded his father in 1341, at age nine.
1466 Ottaviano Petrucci an Italian printer. His Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, a collection of chansons printed in 1501, is commonly misidentified as the first book of sheet music printed from movable type. Actually that distinction belongs to the Roman printer Ulrich Han's Missale Romanum of 1476. Nevertheless, Petrucci's later work was extraordinary for the complexity of his white mensural notation and the smallness of his font, and he did in fact print the first book of polyphony using movable type. He also published numerous works by the most highly regarded composers of the Renaissance, including Josquin des Prez and Antoine Brumel
1511 Bartolomeo Ammannati an Italian architect and sculptor, born at Settignano, near Florence. He studied under Baccio Bandinelli and Jacopo Sansovino and closely imitated the style of Michelangelo
1517 Emperor Ōgimachi the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557 to December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Warring States Era and the Azuchi-Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito
1521 Maria of Portugal Duchess of Viseu a Portuguese infanta daughter of King Manuel I and his wife Eleanor of Austria.
1570 Joan Pau Pujol a Catalan and Spanish composer and organist of the late Renaissance and early Baroque. While best known for his sacred music, he also wrote popular secular music
1621 Allaert van Everdingen a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker in etching and mezzotint.
1642 Paul Tallement the Younger a French churchman and scholar.
1667 Ivan Trubetskoy a Russian Field Marshal, promoted in 1728. He was a member of the inner circle of Tsar Peter I of Russia. Made a boyar in 1692, Trubetskoy commanded part of the Russian fleet during the Azov campaigns in 1696. In 1699, he was named governor of Novgorod. Trubetskoy ordered surrender during the Battle of Narva in 1700. He was captured and held prisoner in Sweden until exchanged in 1718
1673 Antoni Lliteres Carrió a Spanish composer of zarzuelas. As with other national forms of baroque opera, Literes's stage works employ a wide variety of musical forms - arias, ariettas and recitative as well as dance movements and choruses, though here mingled with spoken verse dialogue. His use of the orchestra follows French and Italian practise in including guitars, lutes, and harpsichords amongst the continuo instruments
1677 Antonio Maria Bononcini an Italian cellist and composer, the younger brother of the better-known Giovanni Bononcini.
1681 Theophan Prokopovich an archbishop and statesman in the Russian Empire. The origin of Prokopovich is unclear: although he was born in Kiev, his parents were from Smolensk. He elaborated and implemented Peter the Great's reform of the Russian Orthodox Church. One of the founding fathers of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokopovich wrote much religious verse and some of the most enduring sermons in the Russian language
1716 Joseph-Marie Vien born at Montpellier. He was the last holder of the post of Premier peintre du Roi, serving from 1789 to 1791
1717 Johann Stamitz a Czech composer and violinist. His two surviving sons, Carl and Anton Stamitz, were scarcely less important composers of the Mannheim school, of which Johann is considered the founding father. His music is stylistically transitional between Baroque and Classical periods
1750 Johann Jahn a German Orientalist.
1755 Louise-Rosalie Lefebvre a French operatic mezzo-soprano, actress and dancer.
1757 Ignaz Pleyel an Austrian-born French composer and piano builder of the Classical period.
1757 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas a member of Argentina's Second Triumvirate from 19 August 1813 to 31 January 1814, after which he served as Supreme Director until 9 January 1815.
1758 Robert Bowyer a British miniature painter and publisher.
1763 Johann Philipp Stadion Count von Warthausen Carl Joseph, Graf von Stadion-Warthausen. Born in Mainz, he was a statesman, foreign minister, and diplomat who served the Habsburg empire during the Napoleonic Wars. He was also founder of the Austrian National Bank. Johann Philip was Count of Stadion-Warthausen 1787–1806
1769 Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh an Anglo-Irish British statesman. As British Foreign Secretary, from 1812 he was central to the management of the coalition that defeated Napoleon and was the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. Castlereagh was also leader of the British House of Commons in the Liverpool government from 1812 until his suicide in August 1822. Early in his career, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, he was involved in putting down the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and was instrumental in securing the passage of the Irish Act of Union of 1800
1771 Justo Figuerola President of Peru during two brief periods; for a few days in 1843 and briefly in 1844.
1772 Richard Beckett (cricketer) an English amateur cricketer and a captain in the Coldstream Guards during the Napoleonic Wars.
1788 Carl Sigismund Kunth a German botanist. He is known for being one of the first to study and categorise plants from the American continents, publishing Nova genera et species plantarum quas in peregrinatione ad plagam aequinoctialem orbis novi collegerunt Bonpland et Humboldt
1789 William Rowan a British Army officer. He served in the Peninsular War and then the Hundred Days, fighting at the Battle of Waterloo and taking part in an important charge led by Sir John Colborne against the Imperial Guard. He later assisted Colborne in Colborne's new role as Acting Governor General of British North America during the rebellions by the Patriote movement in 1837. Rowan returned to Canada as Commander-in-Chief, North America in which role he made an important conciliatory speech in response to the burning of the Parliament Buildings in Montreal by an angry mob in April 1849
1789 John Carne a British traveller and author.
1791 Denison Olmsted born at East Hartford, Connecticut. Professor Olmsted is credited with giving birth to meteor science after the 1833 Leonid meteor shower over North America spurred him to study this phenomenon
1794 Philippe Le Bas a French hellenist, archaeologist and translator. He was the son of Philippe Le Bas and Elisabeth Duplay, the daughter of Robespierre's landlord Maurice Duplay. He was only 6 weeks old when his father committed suicide on Robespierre's fall on 27 July 1794 in the Thermidorian Reaction
1799 William Lassell an English merchant and astronomer.
1804 Peter Parker (physician) an American physician and a missionary who introduced Western medical techniques into Qing Dynasty China. It was said that Parker "opened China to the gospel at the point of a lancet."
1808 Manuel María Mallarino the 8th Vice President of New Granada, and as such served as Acting President from 1855 to 1857.
1811 Frances Sargent Osgood an American poet and one of the most popular women writers during her time. Nicknamed "Fanny," she was also famous for her exchange of romantic poems with Edgar Allan Poe
1812 Otto Wilhelm Sonder a German botanist and pharmacist who was a native of Holstein. From 1841 to 1878 he was the proprietor of a pharmacy in Hamburg. In 1846 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Königsberg
1812 Ivan Goncharov a Russian novelist best known for his novels A Common Story , Oblomov , and The Precipice. He also served in many official capacities, including the position of censor
1815 Princess Elisabeth of Prussia the second daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia and Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg and a granddaughter of Frederick William II of Prussia. She was the mother-in-law of Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, second daughter of Queen Victoria. Prince Philip is her great-great-grandson
1815 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen a Bavarian general.
1816 Hélène Napoleone Bonaparte the reputed daughter of Napoleon by his mistress, Albine de Montholon, wife of Charles Tristan, marquis de Montholon, and mother of Charles-François-Frédéric, marquis de Montholon-Sémonville.
1816 Jung Bahadur Rana a ruler of Nepal and founder of the Rana dynasty of Nepal. His real name was Bir Narsingh Kunwar but he became famous by the name Jung Bahadur, given to him by Mathebar Thapa, his maternal uncle
1820 Martin Andreas Udbye a Norwegian composer and organist.
1827 Prince Gustav Duke of Uppland the second son of Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg and younger brother to Prince Charles.
1830 Léon Gaston Genevier a French pharmacist and botanist.
1831 Peter Nicolai Arbo a Norwegian historical painter, who specialized in painting motifs from Norwegian history and images from Norse mythology. He is most noted for Åsgardsreien, a dramatic motif based on the Wild Hunt legend and Valkyrie, which depicts a female figure from Norse mythology
1833 Manuel González Flores a military general and Mexican liberal politician who served as the 31st president of Mexico. Before initiating his presidential career, González played important roles in the French intervention in Mexico as a lieutenant, and later in the Reform War as general, in the service of the Conservative Party. González was also governor of Michoacán and Guanajuato and served as Secretary of National Defense from 1878 to 1879
1834 Auguste-Théodore-Paul de Broglie professor of apologetics at the Institut Catholique in Paris, and writer on apologetic subjects.
1839 William H. Seward Jr. an American banker and brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was the youngest son of William Henry Seward, Sr., the United States Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson; his elder brothers were Augustus Henry Seward, a brevet colonel in the Paymaster Corps, and Frederick William Seward, who served as Assistant Secretary of State to his father
1839 Oskar Becker (assailant) a German political fanatic, known for his attempted assassination of William I of Prussia.
1842 António Mendes Belo a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Patriarch of Lisbon.