Died on June 18

741 Leo III the Isaurian Byzantine Emperor from 717 until his death in 741. He put an end to a period of instability, successfully defended the Empire against the invading Umayyads, and forbade the veneration of icons
1179 Erling Skakke a Norwegian Jarl during the 12th century. He was the father of Magnus V, who reigned as King of Norway from 1161 to 1184
1234 Emperor Chūkyō the 85th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned only months in 1221, and he was not officially listed amongst the emperors until 1870 because of doubts caused by the length of his reign. The Imperial Household Agency recognizes Kujō no misasagi near Tōfuku-ji in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto as his tomb
1291 Alfonso III of Aragon the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona from 1285. He conquered the Kingdom of Majorca between his succession and 1287
1333 Henry XV Duke of Bavaria as duke of Lower Bavaria also called Henry III.
1408 Taejo of Joseon Yi Dan, was the founder and the first king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea, and the main figure in overthrowing the Goryeo Dynasty. He was posthumously raised to the rank of Emperor in 1899 by Gojong, the Gwangmu Emperor, who had proclaimed the Korean Empire in 1897
1464 Rogier van der Weyden an Early Netherlandish painter. His surviving works consist mainly of religious triptychs, altarpieces and commissioned single and diptych portraits. Although his life was generally uneventful, he was highly successful and internationally famous in his lifetime. His paintings were exported – or taken – to Italy and Spain, and he received commissions from, amongst others, Philip the Good, Netherlandish nobility and foreign princes. By the latter half of the 15th century, he had eclipsed Jan van Eyck in popularity. However his fame lasted only until the 17th century, and largely due to changing taste, he was almost totally forgotten by the mid 18th century. His reputation was slowly rebuilt during the following 200 years; today he is known, with Robert Campin and van Eyck, as the third of the three great Early Flemish artists , and widely as the most influential Northern painter of the 15th century
1585 Jacques Duke of Nemours Savoy, 2nd Duke of Nemours became Duke of Nemours in 1533.
1588 Robert Crowley (printer) a stationer, poet, polemicist and Protestant clergyman who was among the Marian exiles at Frankfurt. Crowley appears to have been a Henrician Evangelical who favoured a more reformed Protestantism than was sanctioned at that time by the king and the Church of England
1629 Piet Pieterszoon Hein a Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic during the Eighty Years' War between the United Provinces and Spain.
1652 John Casimir Count Palatine of Kleeburg the son of John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken and his wife, Duchess Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg and was the founder of a branch of Wittelsbach Counts Palatine often called the Swedish line, because it gave rise to three subsequent kings of Sweden, but more commonly known as the Kleeburg line.
1668 Ivan Briukhovetsky a pro-Russian hetman of Left-Bank Ukraine from 1663 to 1668.
1669 Tsarevich Simeon Alexeyevich of Russia the fourth of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, brother of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half-brother of Tsar Peter the Great. He died young
1673 Jeanne Mance a French nurse and settler of New France. She arrived in New France two years after the Ursuline Nuns came to Quebec. Among the founders of Montreal, Canada in 1642, she established its first hospital, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, in 1645. She returned twice to France to seek financial support for the hospital. After providing most of the care directly for years, in 1657 she recruited three sisters of the Religious Hospitallers of Joseph, and continued to direct operations of the hospital
1697 Gregorio Barbarigo an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and scholar.
1704 Tom Brown (satirist) an English translator and writer of satire, largely forgotten today save for a four-line gibe he wrote concerning Dr John Fell.
1716 Tsarevna Natalya Alexeyevna of Russia a Russian playwright. She was the elder daughter of Tsar Alexis and his second wife, Natalia Naryshkina, and the sister of Peter the Great
1721 Philip Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal the son of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg. He was the first landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1663 to 1721 and the founder of the fifth branch of the house of Hesse
1726 Michel Richard Delalande a French Baroque composer and organist who was in the service of King Louis XIV. He was one of the most important composers of grands motets. He also wrote orchestral suites known as Simphonies pour les Soupers du Roy and ballets. His works foreshadowed the cantatas of JS Bach and the Water Music and oratorios of Handel
1739 Charles Frederick Duke of Holstein-Gottorp the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his consort, Hedvig Sophia, daughter of King Charles XI of Sweden. He became reigning duke in infancy, upon his father's death in 1702, and all his life was a legitimate claimant to the throne of Sweden, as pro forma heir to Charles XII. Father of Peter III of Russia, he was a patrilineal ancestor of all Russian emperors after Catherine II
1741 François Pourfour du Petit a French anatomist, ophthalmologist and surgeon who was a native of Paris.
1742 John Aislabie a British politician, notable for his involvement in the South Sea Bubble and for creating the water garden at Studley Royal.
1749 Ambrose Philips an English poet and politician.
1762 Wrightson Mundy High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1737 and MP for Leicestershire in 1747.
1772 Gerard van Swieten a Dutch-Austrian physician.
1772 Johann Ulrich von Cramer an eminent German judge, legal scholar, and Enlightenment philosopher.
1782 John Wood the Younger an English architect, working principally in the city of Bath, Somerset. He was the son of the architect John Wood, the Elder. His designs were highly influential during the 18th century and the Royal Crescent is considered to be one of the best examples of Georgian Neo-Classical architecture in Britain
1788 Adam Gib a Scottish religious leader, head of the Antiburgher section of the Scottish Secession Church.
1794 Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve a French writer and politician who served as the second mayor of Paris, from 1791 to 1792.
1794 James Murray (Quebec governor) a British soldier, whose lengthy career included service as colonial administrator and governor of the Province of Quebec and later as Governor of Minorca from 1778 to 1782.
1794 François Buzot a French politician and leader of the French Revolution.
1799 Johann André a German musician, composer and music publisher. He was born and died in Offenbach am Main
1804 Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria the Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla by marriage. Maria Amalia was a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis She was thus younger sister to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor and older sister to Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Marie Antoinette, Queen of France
1815 Thomas Picton a British Army officer who fought in a number of campaigns for Britain in the Napoleonic wars. According to the historian Alessandro Barbero, Picton was "respected for his courage and feared for his irascible temperament." The Duke of Wellington called him "a rough foul-mouthed devil", but very capable
1815 Claude-Étienne Michel second in command of the Chasseur Division of the Guard and commander of its Brigade of Middle Guard. He may be the officer who uttered the words often attributed to Pierre Cambronne "La Garde meurt et ne se rend pas" "The Guard dies, and does not surrender"
1824 Ferdinand III Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790 to 1801 and, after a period of disenfranchisement, again from 1814 to 1824. He was also the Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg and Grand Duke of Würzburg
1833 Robert Hett Chapman a Presbyterian minister and missionary and the second president of the University of North Carolina.
1835 William Cobbett an English pamphleteer, farmer and journalist, who was born in Farnham, Surrey. He believed that reforming Parliament and abolishing the rotten boroughs would help to end the poverty of farm labourers, and he attacked the borough-mongers, sinecurists and "tax-eaters" relentlessly. He was also against the Corn Laws, a tax on imported grain. Early in his career, he was a loyalist supporter of King and Country: but later he joined and successfully publicised the radical movement, which led to the Reform Bill of 1832, and to his winning the parliamentary seat of Oldham. Although he was not a Catholic, he became a fiery advocate of Catholic Emancipation in Britain. Through the seeming contradictions in Cobbett's life, his opposition to authority stayed constant. He wrote many polemics, on subjects from political reform to religion, but is best known for his book from 1830, Rural Rides, which is still in print today
1841 Jean-Gérard Lacuée count of Cessac a French general and politician, peer of France and Minister for War under Napoleon I of France. His name is inscribed on the south side of the Arc de Triomphe
1853 Wilhelm Gerhard Walpers a German botanist. This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation Walp. when citing a botanical name
1864 Albert Knapp a German poet.
1865 Antoine Wiertz a Belgian romantic painter and sculptor.
1866 Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1864–1866) the fourth child of Crown Prince Frederick William of Prussia , and Victoria, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of the British Queen Victoria.
1869 Henry Jarvis Raymond an American journalist and politician and co-founder of The New York Times with George Jones.
1869 Giovanni Battista Bugatti the official executioner for the Papal States from 1796 to 1865. He was the longest-serving executioner in the States and was nicknamed Mastro Titta, a Roman corruption of maestro di giustizia, or master of justice. At the age of 85, he was retired by Pope Pius IX with a monthly pension of 30 scudi
1871 George Grote an English political radical and classical historian. He is now best known for his major work, the voluminous History of Greece
1880 John Sutter a Swiss pioneer of California known for his association with the California Gold Rush by the discovery of gold by James Marshall and the mill making team at Sutter's Mill, and for establishing Sutter's Fort in the area that would eventually become Sacramento, the state's capital. Although famous throughout California for his association with the Gold Rush, Sutter saw his business ventures fail while those of his elder son, John Augustus Sutter, Jr., were more successful
1885 James Arcene the youngest sentenced to death, who was subsequently executed for his crime, in the United States. Arcene, a Cherokee man, was hanged by the U.S. federal government in Fort Smith, Arkansas for his role in a robbery and murder committed thirteen years earlier, when he was 10 years old
1897 Franz Krenn an Austrian composer and composition teacher born in Droß. He studied under Ignaz von Seyfried in Vienna, and served as organist in a number of Viennese churches, becoming Kapellmeister of Michael's Church in Vienna in 1862. From 1869 until 1893 Krenn taught harmony, counterpoint and composition at the Vienna Conservatory. During this time, he appears to have acquired the nickname 'Old Krenn', and is today often described as having been a rather pedantic teacher
1898 George Ulyett an English all-round cricketer, noted particularly for his very-aggressive batsmanship. A well-liked man , Ulyett was popularly known as "Happy Jack", once musing memorably that Yorkshire played him only for his good behaviour and his whistling. A fine all round sportsman, Ulyett played football in the 1882–83 and 1883–84 seasons as goalkeeper for Sheffield Wednesday