June 18 events in history

618 Li Yuan becomes Emperor Gaozu of Tang, initiating three centuries of Tang Dynasty rule over China
1053 Battle of Civitate: Three thousand horsemen of Norman Count Humphrey rout the troops of Pope Leo IX
1178 Five Canterbury monks see what is possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the Moon's distance from the Earth (on the order of meters) are a result of this collision
1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature
1429 French forces under the leadership of Joan of Arc defeat the main English army under Sir John Fastolf at the Battle of Patay. This turns the tide of the Hundred Years' War
1633 Charles I, is crowned King of Scots at St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh
1684 The charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony is revoked via a scire facias writ issued by an English court
1757 Battle of Kolín between Prussian forces under Frederick the Great and an Austrian army under the command of Field Marshal Count Leopold Joseph von Daun in the Seven Years' War
1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island
1778 American Revolutionary War: British troops abandon Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1799 Action of 18 June 1799: A frigate squadron under Rear-admiral Perrée is captured by the British fleet under Lord Keith
1812 War of 1812: The U.S. Congress declares war on Great Britain, Canada, and Ireland
1815 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Waterloo results in the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher forcing him to abdicate the throne of France for the second and last time
1830 French invasion of Algeria
1858 Charles Darwin receives a paper from Alfred Russel Wallace that includes nearly identical conclusions about evolution as Darwin's own, prompting Darwin to publish his theory
1859 First ascent of Aletschhorn, second summit of the Bernese Alps
1873 Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 presidential election
1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed
1900 Empress Dowager Longyu of China orders all foreigners killed, including foreign diplomats and their families
1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the ship Kasato-Maru
1908 The University of the Philippines is established
1923 Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets
1928 Aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly in an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean (she is a passenger; Wilmer Stultz is the pilot and Lou Gordon the mechanic)
1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute are held
1935 Police in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada clash with striking longshoremen, resulting in a total 60 injuries and 24 arrests
1940 Appeal of June 18 by Charles de Gaulle
1940 "Finest Hour" speech by Winston Churchill
1945 William Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw") is charged with treason for his pro-German propaganda broadcasting during World War II
1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist, calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim
1953 The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 ends with the overthrow of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty and the declaration of the Republic of Egypt
1953 A United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns near Tachikawa, Japan, killing 129
1954 Pierre Mendès-France becomes Prime Minister of France
1965 Vietnam War: The United States uses B-52 bombers to attack National Liberation Front guerrilla fighters in South Vietnam
1972 Staines air disaster: 118 are killed when a BEA H.S. Trident crashes two minutes after take off from London Heathrow Airport
1979 SALT II is signed by the United States and the Soviet Union
1981 The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, the first operational aircraft initially designed around stealth technology, makes its first flight
1983 Space Shuttle program: STS-7, Astronaut Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space
1983 Mona Mahmudnizhad together with nine other Bahá'í women, is sentenced to death and hanged in Shiraz, Iran because of her Bahá'í Faith
1984 A major clash between about 5,000 police and a similar number of miners takes place at Orgreave, South Yorkshire, during the 1984–1985 UK miners' strike
1996 Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts
2006 The first Kazakh space satellite, KazSat is launched
2009 The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), a NASA robotic spacecraft is launched