Born on June 19

1197 Bretislaus III Duke of Bohemia the duke of Bohemia from 1193 to his death. Being the bishop of Prague since 1182, he was also a prince of the Holy Roman Empire. He was a son of Henry, son of Vladislaus I
1417 Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta an Italian condottiero and nobleman, a member of the House of Malatesta and lord of Rimini, Fano, and Cesena from 1432. He was widely considered by his contemporaries as one of the most daring military leaders in Italy and commanded the Venetian forces in the 1465 campaign against the Ottoman Empire. He was also a poet and patron of the arts
1566 James VI and I King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union
1598 Gilbert Sheldon an English Archbishop of Canterbury.
1606 James Hamilton 1st Duke of Hamilton a Scottish nobleman and influential political and military leader during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.
1623 Blaise Pascal a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen. Pascal's earliest work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista Torricelli. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method
1633 Philipp van Limborch born at Amsterdam, where his father was a lawyer.
1701 François Rebel a French composer of the Baroque era. Born in Paris, the son of the leading composer Jean-Féry Rebel, he was a child prodigy who became a violinist in the orchestra of the Paris Opera at the age of 13. As a composer he is best known for his close collaboration with François Francoeur
1702 Frederick Augustus Rutowsky a Saxon Field Marshal who commanded Saxon forces in the Siege of Pirna during the Seven Years' War.
1708 Johann Gottlieb Janitsch a German Baroque composer.
1721 Johann de Kalb a German-born French officer who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and was killed in action during the Battle of Camden.
1731 Joaquim Machado de Castro one of Portugal's foremost sculptors. He wrote extensively on his works and the theory behind them, including a full-length discussion of the statue of José I entitled Descripção analytica da execucão da estatua equestre, Lisbon 1810
1749 Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois a French actor, dramatist, essayist, and revolutionary. He was a member of the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror and, while he saved Madame Tussaud from the Guillotine, he administered the execution of more than 2,000 people in the city of Lyon
1754 Jean Baptiste Meusnier a French mathematician, engineer and Revolutionary general. He is best known for Meusnier's theorem on the curvature of surfaces, which he formulated while he was at the École Royale du Génie. He also discovered the helicoid. He worked with Lavoisier on the decomposition of water and the evolution of hydrogen
1758 Raffaello Sanzio Morghen an Italian engraver.
1763 Johann Baptist Allgaier a German-Austrian chess master and theoretician. He was also the author of the first chess handbook in German – Neue theoretisch-praktische Anweisung zum Schachspiel
1764 José Gervasio Artigas a national hero of Uruguay, sometimes called "the father of Uruguayan nationhood".
1764 Sir John Barrow 1st Baronet an English statesman and writer.
1767 Joseph François Michaud a French historian and publicist.
1771 Joseph Diaz Gergonne a French mathematician and logician.
1775 Friedrich August Peter von Colomb a Prussian general.
1782 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais a French Catholic priest, philosopher, and political theorist. His famous opinions on matters of religion and government changed dramatically over the course of his life
1783 Thomas Sully an American painter, mostly of portraits.
1783 Friedrich Sertürner a German pharmacist, who discovered morphine in 1804.
1787 Pavel Svinyin a prolific Russian writer, painter, and editor known as a "Russian Munchausen" for many exaggerated accounts of his travels. He was Appolon Maykov's brother-in-law and Aleksey Pisemsky's father-in-law
1790 John Gibson (sculptor) a Welsh Neoclassical sculptor who spent most of his career in Italy.
1792 Gustav Schwab a German writer, pastor and publisher.
1795 Louis-Maxime Raybaud a French philhellene officer and writer, and a participant in the War of Independence of Greece.
1795 James Braid (surgeon) a Scottish surgeon and "gentleman scientist". He was a significant innovator in the treatment of club-foot and an important and influential pioneer of hypnotism and hypnotherapy. He is regarded by many as the first genuine "hypnotherapist" and the "Father of Modern Hypnotism"
1808 Franz Xaver Chwatal a Bohemian pianist, composer and music teacher.
1810 Ferdinand David (musician) a German virtuoso violinist and composer.
1815 Cornelius Krieghoff a Canadian painter of the 19th century. Krieghoff is most famous for his paintings of Canadian landscapes and Canadian life outdoors, which were sought-after in his own time as they are today. He is particularly famous for his winter scenes, some of which he painted in a number of variants
1815 Ivan Antunović a Croatian writer, one of the most prominent public persons among the Bunjevci and Šokci people of his time. He was titular bishop in the service of the Kalocsa Archdiocese, Hungary. Antunović's writings helped preserve the language and culture of the Bunjevci and Šokci people
1816 William H. Webb a 19th-century New York shipbuilder and philanthropist, who has been called America's first true naval architect.
1824 Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch a Dutch painter of the Hague School. He came from an artistic family, his father he painted in his free time and collected art on a small scale. Among his collection were works by Andreas Schelfhout and Bartholomeus van Hove. His cousin Jan was a well-known painter of romantic city views, and a brother, an uncle, and two cousins worked in the graphic arts. He also gave lessons to his son Willem Johannes, Theophile de Bock and Victor Bauffe
1828 Mór Than a Hungarian painter.
1834 Charles Spurgeon a British Particular Baptist preacher. Spurgeon remains highly influential among Christians of various denominations, among whom he is known as the "Prince of Preachers". He was a strong figure in the Reformed Baptist tradition, defending the Church in agreement with the 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith understanding, and opposing the liberal and pragmatic theological tendencies in the Church of his day
1838 Julius Lange (art historian) a Danish art historian and critic.
1841 Kirill Lemokh a Russian genre painter and member of the Imperial Academy of Arts.
1842 Carl Zeller an Austrian composer of operettas.
1846 Antonio Abetti an Italian astronomer.
1851 Billy Midwinter a cricketer who played four Test matches for England, sandwiched in between eight Tests that he played for Australia. Midwinter holds a unique place in cricket history as the only cricketer to have played for Australia and England in Test Matches against each other
1852 Georg Ruge a German anatomist and primatologist who was a native of Berlin.
1854 Hjalmar Mellin a Finnish mathematician and functional theorist.
1854 Alfredo Catalani an Italian operatic composer. He is best remembered for his operas Loreley and La Wally. La Wally was composed to a libretto by Luigi Illica, and features Catalani's most famous aria "Ebben? Ne andrò lontana." This aria, sung by American soprano Wilhelmenia Fernandez, was at the heart of Jean-Jacques Beineix’s 1981 cult movie Diva. Catalani's other operas were less successful, partly hampered by inferior libretti
1855 Živojin Mišić third Serbian Field Marshal and arguably the most successful Serbian commander who participated in all of Serbia's wars from 1876 to 1918. He directly commanded the First Serbian army in the Battle of Kolubara and in breach of the Thessaloniki Front was the Chief of the Supreme Command
1858 Sam Walter Foss an American librarian and poet whose works included The House by the Side of the Road and The Coming American.
1861 Douglas Haig 1st Earl Haig a British senior officer during the First World War. He commanded the British Expeditionary Force from 1915 to the end of the war. He was commander during the Battle of the Somme, the battle with one of the highest casualties in British military history, the Third Battle of Ypres and the Hundred Days Offensive, which led to the armistice in 1918
1861 José Rizal a Filipino nationalist, novelist, poet, ophthalmologist, journalist, and revolutionary. He is widely considered as one of the greatest heroes of the Philippines. He was the author of Noli Me Tángere, El Filibusterismo, and a number of poems and essays. He was executed on December 30, 1896 by a squad of Filipino soldiers of the Spanish Army
1861 Émile Haug a French geologist and paleontologist known for his contribution to the geosyncline theory.