Died on June 19

626 Soga no Umako believed to be the tomb of Soga no Umako. Soga no Umako was the son of Soga no Iname and a member of the powerful Soga clan of Japan
1027 Romuald the founder of the Camaldolese order and a major figure in the eleventh-century "Renaissance of eremitical asceticism".
1052 Fan Zhongyan a prominent politician and literary figure in Song dynasty China. He was also a strategist and educator. After serving the central government of the state for many years he finally rose to the seat of Vice chancellor over the whole of the Chinese empire
1054 Lambert II Count of Louvain count of Louvain between 1033 and 1054. Lambert was the son of Lambert I of Louvain
1282 Eleanor de Montfort a daughter of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England. She was also the first woman who can be shown to have used the title Princess of Wales
1312 Piers Gaveston 1st Earl of Cornwall an English nobleman of Gascon origin, and the favourite of King Edward II of England.
1344 Constance of Sicily Queen of Cyprus the oldest daughter of Frederick III of Sicily and his wife Eleanor of Anjou. She was married three times. From these marriages she gained various titles such as Queen of Cyprus, nominal Queen of Jerusalem and Queen of Armenia
1364 Elisenda of Montcada a daughter of Pere de Montcada and his wife Elisenda de Pinos. She was Queen consort of Aragon by her marriage
1494 Umar Shaikh Mirza II the ruler of the Fergana Valley. He was the fourth son of Abu Sa'id Mirza, the Emperor of the Timurid Empire in what is now Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, eastern Iran and Afghanistan
1504 Bernhard Walther a German merchant, humanist and astronomer based in Nuremberg, Germany.
1542 Leo Jud born in 1482 in Guémar, Alsace, southwest of Strasbourg. Like his later colleague Heinrich Bullinger, Jud was the son of a priest. His father, Johannes Jud, was from Guémar and his mother, Elsa Hochsang, was from Solothurn. He studied at the Latin school in Sélestat with Martin Bucer and in 1499 he matriculated at the University of Basel, where he met Huldrych Zwingli. He began his studies in medicine but switched to theology under the influence of Thomas Wyttenbach. Leo Jud is one of the lesser-known leaders of the Swiss Reformed Church, but his influence was extensive
1543 Mary Boleyn the sister of English queen consort Anne Boleyn and a member of the Boleyn family, which enjoyed considerable influence during the reign of King Henry VIII of England. Some historians claim she was Anne's younger sister, but her children believed Mary was the elder, as do most historians today
1545 Abraomas Kulvietis a Lithuanian jurist and a professor at Königsberg Albertina University, as well as a reformer of the church.
1567 Anna of Brandenburg Duchess of Mecklenburg a Princess of Brandenburg and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.
1607 Patriarch Job of Moscow a saint of the Orthodox Church.
1608 Alberico Gentili an Italian jurist. He left Italy due to his Protestant faith, travelled in Central Europe, and emigrated to England. In 1580 he became regius professor of civil law at the University of Oxford. He was one of the first writers on public international law
1626 Elizabeth of Denmark Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel duchess consort of Brunswick-Lüneburg as married to Duke Henry Julius of Brunswick-Lüneburg. She was regent of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1616-1622
1650 Matthäus Merian a Swiss-born engraver who worked in Frankfurt for most of his career, where he also ran a publishing house. He was a member of the patrician Basel Merian family
1667 Anthony Günther Count of Oldenburg an Imperial Count and a member of the House of Oldenburg. He was the ruling count of Oldenburg from 1603 until his death, and of Delmenhorst from 1647 until his death. He was the son of John VII and Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg
1707 Tsarevna Marfa Alekseyevna of Russia a Russian Princess, daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia and Maria Miloslavskaya, sister of Tsar Feodor III of Russia and Tsar Ivan V of Russia and half sister of Tsar Peter the Great. She participated in the rebellion of her sister Sophia against Tsar Peter in 1698 and was therefore imprisoned in a convent. She is an orthodox saint
1715 Nicolas Lemery born at Rouen. He was one of the first to develop theories on acid-base chemistry
1716 Tokugawa Ietsugu the seventh shogun of the Tokugawa Dynasty, who ruled from 1713 until his death in 1716. He was the son of Tokugawa Ienobu, thus making him the grandson of Tokugawa Tsunashige, daimyo of Kofu, great-grandson of Tokugawa Iemitsu, great-great grandson of Tokugawa Hidetada, and finally the great-great-great grandson of Tokugawa Ieyasu
1719 Howell Davis a Welsh pirate. His piratical career lasted just 11 months, from 11 July 1718 to 19 June 1719, when he was ambushed and killed. His ships were the Cadogan, Buck, Saint James, and Rover. Davis captured 15 known English and French ships
1747 Nader Shah the founder of the Afsharid dynasty which briefly became one of the most powerful Persian dynasties in Iranian history. Because of his military genius as evidenced in numerous martial encounters throughout the Naderian Wars such as the battles of Herat, Mihmandust, Murche-Khort, Agh-Darband, Baghavard, Kheibar pass, Karnal & Kars, some historians have described him as the Napoleon of Persia or the Second Alexander. Nader Shah was a member of the Turkic Afshar tribe of northern Persia, which had supplied military power to the Safavid state since the time of Shah Ismail I
1747 Alessandro Marcello an Italian nobleman and musician.
1762 Johann Ernst Eberlin a German composer and organist whose works bridge the baroque and classical eras. He was a prolific composer, chiefly of church organ and choral music. Marpurg claims he wrote as much and as rapidly as Alessandro Scarlatti and Georg Philipp Telemann, a claim also repeated by Leopold Mozart - though ultimately Eberlin did not live to the great age of those two composers
1768 Benjamin Tasker Sr. the 21st Proprietary Governor of Maryland from 1752 to 1753. He also occupied a number of other significant colonial offices, including, on various occasions, being elected Mayor of Annapolis
1770 Diego de Torres Villarroel a Spanish writer, poet, dramatist, doctor, mathematician, priest and professor of the University of Salamanca. His most famous work is his autobiography, Vida, ascendencia, nacimiento, crianza y aventuras del Doctor Don Diego de Torres Villarroel
1786 Nathanael Greene a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War, known for his successful command in the Southern Campaign, forcing British general Charles Cornwallis to abandon the Carolinas and head for Virginia. When the war began, Greene was a militia private, the lowest rank possible; he emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer. Many places in the United States are named for him. Greene suffered financial difficulties in the post-war years and died suddenly of sunstroke in 1786
1787 Princess Sophie Hélène Béatrice of France the daughter of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI of France.
1794 Richard Henry Lee an American statesman from Virginia best known for the motion in the Second Continental Congress calling for the colonies' independence from Great Britain. He was a signatory to the Articles of Confederation and his famous resolution of June 1776 led to the United States Declaration of Independence, which Lee signed. He also served a one-year term as the President of the Continental Congress, and was a United States Senator from Virginia from 1789 to 1792, serving during part of that time as one of the first Presidents pro tempore
1805 Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée a French rococo painter and student of Carle van Loo. He won the Grand Prix de Rome for painting in 1749 and was elected a member of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture in 1755. His younger brother Jean-Jacques Lagrenée was also a painter
1811 Samuel Chase an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and earlier was a signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Maryland. Early in life, Chase was a "firebrand" states-righter and revolutionary. His political views changed over his lifetime, and, in the last decades of his career, he became well known as a staunch Federalist and was impeached for allegedly letting his partisan leanings affect his court decisions
1820 Joseph Banks an English naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences.
1823 William Combe a British miscellaneous writer. His early life was that of an adventurer, his later was passed chiefly within the "rules" of the King's Bench Prison. He is chiefly remembered as the author of The Three Tours of Syntax, a comic poem satirising William Sawrey Gilpin. His cleverest piece of work was a series of imaginary letters, supposed to have been written by the second, or "wicked" Lord Lyttelton. Of a similar kind were his letters between Swift and "Stella". He also wrote the letterpress for various illustrated books, and was a general hack
1831 Franz Carl Mertens a German botanist who was a native of Bielefeld. He specialized in the field of phycology
1837 Alexander Bestuzhev a Russian writer and Decembrist. After the Decembrist revolt he was sent into exile to Caucasus where Russian Empire was waging the war against the Circassians. There writing under the pseudonym Marlinsky he became known as a romantic poet, short story writer and novelist. He was killed there in a skirmish
1840 Pierre-Joseph Redouté a painter and botanist from the Southern Netherlands, known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers at Malmaison. He was nicknamed "The Raphael of flowers"
1844 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition". He was a colleague of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and expanded and defended Lamarck's evolutionary theories. Geoffroy's scientific views had a transcendental flavor and were similar to those of German morphologists like Lorenz Oken. He believed in the underlying unity of organismal design, and the possibility of the transmutation of species in time, amassing evidence for his claims through research in comparative anatomy, paleontology, and embryology
1859 Johann Gottlob von Quandt a German artist, art scholar and collector.
1865 Lorenzo Pareto an Italian geologist and statesman.
1865 Evangelos Zappas a Greek patriot, philanthropist and businessman who spent most of his life in Romania. He is recognized today as a founder of the Olympic Games, who sponsored the Olympic Games of 1859, 1870, 1875, and 1888 and preceded the Olympic Games that came under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee. These Games, known at the time simply as Olympics, came before the founding of the International Olympic Committee. The legacy of Evangelis Zappas, as well as the legacy of his cousin Konstantinos Zappas, was also used to fund the Olympic Games of 1896
1867 Miguel Miramón a Mexican conservative general. He served as anti-constitutional interim conservative president of Mexico in opposition to the constitutional president, Benito Juárez of the Liberal Party
1867 Maximilian I of Mexico the only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire. He was a younger brother of the Austrian emperor Franz Joseph After a distinguished career in the Austrian Navy, he entered into a scheme with Napoleon III of France to rule Mexico. France had invaded Mexico in 1861, with the implicit support and approval of other European powers, as part of the War of the French Intervention. Seeking to legitimize French rule, Napoleon III invited Maximilian to establish a new Mexican monarchy. With the support of the French army and a group of conservative Mexican monarchists, Maximilian traveled to Mexico where he declared himself Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864
1874 Ferdinand Stoliczka a Moravian palaeontologist who worked in India on paleontology, geology and various aspects of zoology, including ornithology and herpetology. He died of high altitude sickness during an expedition across the Himalayas
1874 Jules Janin a French writer and critic.
1884 Adrian Ludwig Richter born at Dresden, the son of the engraver Karl August Richter, from whom he received his training; but he was strongly influenced by Erhard and Chodowiecki.
1884 Juan Bautista Alberdi an Argentine political theorist and diplomat. Although he lived most of his life in exile in Montevideo and Chile, he influenced the content of the Constitution of Argentina of 1853
1886 Augustus Charles Hobart-Hampden an English naval captain and Ottoman admiral.
1888 Charlemagne de Maupas a French lawyer and politician who was head of the Parisian Police during the critical period when Napoleon III seized power in the coup of 2 December 1851.