June 19 events in history

1179 The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Earl Erling Skakke is killed, and the battle changes the tide of the civil wars
1269 King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver
1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven
1586 English colonists leave Roanoke Island, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in North America
1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
1821 Decisive defeat of the Filiki Eteria by the Ottomans at Drăgășani (in Wallachia)
1821 Coronation of George IV of the United Kingdom
1846 The first officially recorded, organized baseball game is played under Alexander Cartwright's rules on Hoboken, New Jersey's Elysian Fields with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the Knickerbockers 23-1. Cartwright umpired
1850 Princess Louise of the Netherlands marries Crown Prince Karl of Sweden–Norway
1862 The U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying Dred Scott v. Sandford
1865 Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are finally informed of their freedom. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 41 other contiguous states as Juneteenth
1867 Maximilian I of the Second Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro
1875 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins
1910 The first Father's Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington
1911 The Norwegian football club Molde FK was founded
1913 Natives Land Act, 1913 in South Africa implemented
1934 The Communications Act of 1934 establishes the United States' Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
1944 World War II: First day of the Battle of the Philippine Sea
1953 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are executed at Sing Sing, in New York
1961 Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom
1964 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is approved after surviving an 83-day filibuster in the United States Senate
1965 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam at the head of a military junta; General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu becomes the figurehead chief of state
1966 Shiv Sena a political party in India is founded in Mumbai
1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed
1978 Garfield, holder of the Guinness World Record for the world's most widely syndicated comic strip, makes its debut
1982 In one of the first militant attacks by Hezbollah, David S. Dodge, president of the American University of Beirut, is kidnapped
1982 The body of "God's Banker", Roberto Calvi, is found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London
1985 Members of the Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers, dressed as Salvadoran soldiers, attack the Zona Rosa area of San Salvador
1990 The current international law defending indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989, is ratified for the first time by Norway
1990 The Communist Party of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is founded in Moscow
1991 The Soviet occupation of Hungary ends
2009 Mass riots involving over 10,000 people and 10,000 police officers break out in Shishou, China, over the dubious circumstances surrounding the death of a local chef
2009 War in North-West Pakistan: The Pakistani Armed Forces open Operation Rah-e-Nijat against the Taliban and other Islamist rebels in the South Waziristan area of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
2010 The Wedding of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, and Daniel Westling was held at Storkyrkan in Stockholm
2012 WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange requested asylum in London's Ecuatorian Embassy for fear of extradition to the US after publication of previously classified documents including footage of civilian killings by the US army
2014 Felipe VI, Prince of Asturias, rises to the Spanish throne following the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I