Born on June 2

1202 Margaret II Countess of Flanders countess of Flanders from 1244 to 1278 and also, countess of Hainaut from 1244 to 1253 and again from 1257 until her death.
1305 Abu Sa'id Bahadur Khan the ninth ruler of the Ilkhanate state in Iran.
1423 Ferdinand I of Naples the King of Naples from 1458 to 1494. He was the son of Alfonso V of Aragon and his mistress, Giraldona Carlino
1489 Charles Duke of Vendôme a French prince du sang and military commander at the court of Francis I of France. He is notable as the paternal grandfather of King Henry IV of France
1535 Pope Leo XI Pope from 1 to 27 April 1605.
1621 Isaac van Ostade a Dutch genre and landscape painter.
1691 Nicolau Nasoni an Italian artist and architect but mostly active in Portugal.
1719 Michel-Jean Sedaine a French dramatist and librettist, especially noted for his librettos for opéras comiques, in which he took an important and influential role in the advancement of the genre from the period of Charles-Simon Favart to the beginning of the Revolution.
1731 Martha Washington the wife of George Washington, the first president of the United States. Although the title was not coined until after her death, Martha Washington is considered to be the first First Lady of the United States. During her lifetime she was often referred to as "Lady Washington"
1737 Ernest Augustus II Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
1739 Jabez Bowen an American shipper and politician. He was a militia colonel during the American Revolutionary War, and served as Deputy Governor of Rhode Island and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court
1740 Marquis de Sade a French aristocrat, revolutionary politician, philosopher and writer, famous for his libertine sexuality. His works include novels, short stories, plays, dialogues and political tracts; in his lifetime some were published under his own name, while others appeared anonymously and Sade denied being their author. He is best known for his erotic works, which combined philosophical discourse with pornography, depicting sexual fantasies with an emphasis on violence, criminality and blasphemy against the Catholic Church. He was a proponent of extreme freedom, unrestrained by morality, religion or law. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name
1742 Eugenius Johann Christoph Esper a German entomologist. Born in Wunsiedel in Bavaria, he was professor of zoology at Erlangen university
1743 Alessandro Cagliostro the alias of the occultist Giuseppe Balsamo , an Italian adventurer.
1750 Jean-Baptiste Mailhe a politician during the French Revolution. He gave his name to ""the Mailhe amendment", which sought to delay the execution of Louis XVI
1758 Cornelis Rudolphus Theodorus Krayenhoff a physicist, artist, general, hydraulic engineer, cartographer and - against his will and for only a short time - Dutch Minister of War.
1773 John Randolph of Roanoke a planter, and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, the Senate , and also as Minister to Russia. After serving as President Thomas Jefferson's spokesman in the House, he broke with Jefferson in 1803 and became the leader of the "Old Republican" or "Quids", an extreme states' rights vanguard of the Democratic-Republican Party who wanted to restrict the role of the federal government. Specifically, Randolph promoted the Principles of '98, which said that individual states could judge the constitutionality of central government laws and decrees, and could refuse to enforce laws deemed unconstitutional
1774 William Lawson (explorer) a pastoralist and explorer of New South Wales, Australia who co-discovered a passage inland through the Blue Mountains from Sydney.
1801 Eduard Gaertner a German painter who specialized in depictions of urban architecture.
1802 Arend Friedrich August Wiegmann a German zoologist and herpetologist born in Braunschweig.
1807 Ivan Soshenko a Ukrainian painter.
1813 Daniel Pollen the son of Elizabeth and Hugh Pollen and became the ninth Premier of New Zealand, serving from 6 July 1875 to 15 February 1876.
1815 Philip Kearny a United States Army officer, notable for his leadership in the Mexican-American War and American Civil War. He was killed in action in the 1862 Battle of Chantilly
1816 C. A. Rosetti a Romanian literary and political leader, born in Bucharest into a Phanariot Greek family of Italian origin.
1816 Grace Aguilar an English novelist and writer on Jewish history and religion. As a child she showed great interest in history, especially Jewish history. The death of her father lead to her writing to support herself
1817 Jacques Pucheran a French zoologist born in Clairac. He was a grandnephew to physiologist Étienne Serres
1818 Moritz August Seubert a German botanist.
1821 Ion C. Brătianu one of the major political figures of 19th century Romania. He was the younger brother of Dimitrie, as well as the father of Ionel, Dinu, and Vintilă Brătianu. He also was the grandfather of poet Ion Pillat
1823 Gédéon Ouimet a French-Canadian politician.
1831 Marcelino Sanz de Sautuola a Spanish jurist and amateur archaeologist who owned the land where the Altamira cave was found.
1834 Teresa Stolz a Bohemian soprano, long resident in Italy, who was associated with significant premieres of the works of Giuseppe Verdi, and may have been his mistress. She has been described as "the Verdian dramatic soprano par excellence, powerful, passionate in utterance, but dignified in manner and secure in tone and control"
1835 Pope Pius X Pope from 4 August 1903 to his death in 1914. He was canonized in 1954. Pius X is known for vigorously opposing modernist interpretations of Catholic doctrine, promoting traditional devotional practices and orthodox theology. His most important reform was to publish the first Code of Canon Law, which collected the laws of the Church into one volume for the first time. He was also considered a pastoral pope, in the sense of encouraging personal holiness, piety and a daily lifestyle reflecting deep Christian values. He was born in the town of Riese, which would later append "Pio X" to the town's name
1837 Ferdinand Justi a German linguist and Orientalist.
1838 Duchess Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg a daughter of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and a great granddaughter of Emperor Paul I of Russia. She married Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia , the elder, and was the mother of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia , the younger. After the breakup of her marriage, she retired from court life and eventually became a nun
1840 Thomas Hardy an English novelist and poet. A Victorian realist in the tradition of George Eliot, he was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism, especially William Wordsworth. Charles Dickens was another important influence. Like Dickens, he was highly critical of much in Victorian society, though Hardy focused more on a declining rural society
1840 Alexander Riese a German classical scholar.
1841 Federico Zandomeneghi an Italian Impressionist painter.
1844 Duke Alexander Petrovich of Oldenburg the second son of Duke Peter Georgievich of Oldenburg and his wife Princess Therese of Nassau-Weilburg. Though he had a German title and ancestry, Alexander and his siblings were born and raised in Petersburg as the grandchildren of Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia
1845 Arthur MacArthur Jr. a United States Army general. He became the military Governor-General of the American-occupied Philippines in 1900 but his term ended a year later due to clashes with the civilian governor, future President William Howard Taft. His son, Douglas MacArthur, was one of only five men promoted to the five-star rank of General of the Army during World War In addition to their both being promoted to the rank of general officer, Arthur MacArthur, and Douglas MacArthur also share the distinction of having been the first father and son to each be awarded a Medal of Honor
1847 Nil Filatov considered the founder of Russian paediatrics. His nephew Vladimir Filatov was a prominent ophthalmologist
1849 Paul-Albert Besnard a French painter and printmaker.
1849 Minnie Warren a proportionate dwarf and an entertainer associated with T. Barnum. Her sister Lavinia Warren was married to General Tom Thumb. They were very well known in 1860s America and their meeting with Abraham Lincoln was covered in the press
1854 Max Rubner a German physiologist and hygienist.
1855 Archibald Berkeley Milne a senior Royal Navy officer who commanded the Mediterranean Fleet at the outbreak of the First World War.
1856 Paul von Jankó a Hungarian pianist and engineer.
1857 Karl Adolph Gjellerup a Danish poet and novelist who together with his compatriot Henrik Pontoppidan won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1917. He belonged to the Modern Break-Through. He occasionally used the pseudonym Epigonos
1857 Edward Elgar an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924
1858 Heinrich Harder a German artist and an art professor at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin.
1860 Roger de Barbarin a French trap shooter who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century. He participated in Shooting at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris and won the gold medal in trap shooting competition
1861 Concordia Selander a Swedish actress and theatre manager.