June 20 in history

June 20 events chronologically

451 Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius' battles Attila the Hun. After the battle, which was inconclusive, Attila retreats, causing the Romans to interpret it as a victory
1214 The University of Oxford receives its Royal charter
1631 The sack of Baltimore: the Irish village of Baltimore is attacked by Algerian pirates
1652 Tarhoncu Ahmet Paşa is appointed grand vezir of the Ottoman Empire
1685 Monmouth Rebellion: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declares himself King of England at Bridgwater
1756 A British garrison is imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta
1782 The U.S. Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States

Top 7 most famous people born on June 20

1819 Jacques Offenbach a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann. He was a powerful influence on later composers of the operetta genre, particularly Johann Strauss, and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, and many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st. The Tales of Hoffman remains part of the standard opera repertory
1909 Errol Flynn an Australian-American actor. He was known for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his playboy lifestyle. He became a naturalized American citizen in 1942
1928 Jean-Marie Le Pen a French politician who led the National Front party from its foundation in 1972 until 2011.
1928 Martin Landau an American film and television actor. His career started in the 1950s, with early film appearances including a supporting role in Alfred Hitchcock's North by Northwest. He played regular roles in the television series Mission: Impossible and Space: 1999
1942 Brian Wilson an American musician, singer, songwriter, and record producer best known for being the multi-tasking leader and co-founder of The Beach Boys. After signing with Capitol Records in 1962, Wilson wrote or co-wrote more than two dozen Top 40 hits for the group. Because of his unorthodox approaches to song composition and arrangement and mastery of recording techniques, he is widely acknowledged as one of the most innovative and influential creative forces in popular music by critics and musicians alike
1967 Nicole Kidman an Australian actress, and film producer. Kidman's breakthrough film role was in the 1989 thriller Dead Calm. After appearing in several films in the early 1990s, she came to worldwide recognition for her performances in Days of Thunder , Far and Away , and Batman Forever. Other successful films followed in the late 1990s. Her performance in the musical Moulin Rouge! earned her a second Golden Globe Award and first Academy Award nomination for Best Actress. Kidman's performance as Virginia Woolf in the drama film The Hours received critical acclaim and earned her an Academy Award for Best Actress and a Silver Bear for Best Actress at the Berlin International Film Festival
1978 Frank Lampard an English professional footballer who plays as a central midfielder, attacking midfielder or defensive midfielder for Manchester City on loan from New York City He is the all-time leading goalscorer for Chelsea, where he played for 13 years, and is considered by a number of journalists and football experts to be one of the best midfielders of his generation. He has been described by previous record goal-scorer Bobby Tambling and long-term teammate John Terry as Chelsea's greatest ever player

Top 7 most famous people died on June 20

840 Louis the Pious the King of Aquitaine from 781. He was also King of the Franks and co-Emperor with his father, Charlemagne, from 813
1597 Willem Barentsz a Dutch navigator, cartographer, and Arctic explorer. He went on three expeditions to the far north in search for a Northeast passage. During his third expedition, the crew was stranded on Nova Zembla for almost a year. Barentsz died on the return voyage in 1597. In the 19th century, the Barents Sea was named after him
1820 Manuel Belgrano an Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader. He took part in the Argentine Wars of Independence and created the Flag of Argentina. He is regarded as one of the main Libertadores of the country
1837 William IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. William, the third son of George III and younger brother and successor to George IV, was the last king and penultimate monarch of Britain's House of Hanover
1933 Clara Zetkin a German Marxist theorist, activist, and advocate for women's rights. In 1911, she organized the first International Women's Day
1966 Georges Lemaître a Belgian priest, astronomer and professor of physics at the French section of the Catholic University of Leuven. He was the first known academic to propose the theory of the expansion of the universe, widely misattributed to Edwin Hubble. He was also the first to derive what is now known as Hubble's law and made the first estimation of what is now called the Hubble constant, which he published in 1927, two years before Hubble's article. Lemaître also proposed what became known as the Big Bang theory of the origin of the Universe, which he called his "hypothesis of the primeval atom" or the "Cosmic Egg"
2005 Jack Kilby an American electrical engineer who took part in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics on December 10, 2000. To congratulate him, US President Bill Clinton wrote, "You can take pride in the knowledge that your work will help to improve lives for generations to come."