Born on June 20

981 Adalbert (archbishop of Magdeburg) the first Archbishop of Magdeburg and a successful missionary to the Slavic peoples to the east of Germany. He was later canonised; his feast day is June 20
1005 Ali az-Zahir the Seventh Caliph of the Fātimids. Az-Zāhir assumed the Caliphate after the disappearance of his father Tāriqu l-Ḥakīm bi Amr al-Lāh. According to the Hijri Calendar, his birth date is 3rd of Ramzaan 395 A.H
1119 Henry de Beaumont 1st Earl of Warwick a Norman nobleman who rose to great prominence in England.
1211 Agnes of Bohemia a medieval Bohemian princess who opted for a life of charity, mortification of the flesh and piety over a life of luxury and comfort. Although she was venerated soon after her death, Agnes was not beatified or canonized for over 700 years
1389 John of Lancaster 1st Duke of Bedford the third surviving son of King Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, and acted as regent of France for his nephew, King Henry VI.
1469 Gian Galeazzo Sforza the sixth Duke of Milan.
1485 Astorre III Manfredi lord Faenza, in northern Italy, from 1488 to 1501.
1566 Sigismund III Vasa King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, a monarch of the united Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632, and King of Sweden from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599. He was the son of King John III of Sweden and his first wife, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland
1574 Wilhelm Kettler the second Duke of Courland, a region of Latvia. Wilhelm ruled the western Courland portion of the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia while his brother Friedrich ruled the eastern Semigallia portion
1583 Jacob De la Gardie a statesman and a soldier of the Swedish Empire.
1634 Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine of France until 1648. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven-year-old son
1642 George Hickes an English divine and scholar.
1647 John George III Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1680 to 1691. He belonged to the Albertine line of the House of Wettin
1674 Nicholas Rowe (writer) appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom in 1715.
1694 Hans Adolph Brorson a Danish Pietist bishop and hymn writer.
1699 William Gustav of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania and heir to the principality of Anhalt-Dessau.
1717 Jacques Saly born in Valenciennes to François Marie Saly and his wife Marie Michelle.
1723 Theophilus Lindsey an English theologian and clergyman who founded the first avowedly Unitarian congregation in the country, at Essex Street Chapel.
1723 Adam Ferguson a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment. Ferguson was sympathetic to traditional societies, such as the Highlands, for producing courage and loyalty. He criticized commercial society as making men weak, dishonourable and unconcerned for their community. Ferguson has been called "the father of modern sociology." His most well known work is his Essay on the History of Civil Society
1730 Teodoro de Croix a Spanish soldier and colonial official in New Spain and Peru. From April 6, 1784 to March 25, 1790 he was viceroy of Peru
1733 Betty Washington Lewis the younger sister of George Washington and the only sister to live to adulthood. She was the first daughter of Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington. She is considered a "founding mother" of America
1737 Tokugawa Ieharu the tenth shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, who held office from 1760 to 1786.
1743 Anna Laetitia Barbauld a prominent English poet, essayist, literary critic, editor, and children's author.
1754 Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Henriette Karoline of Palatine-Zweibrücken.
1756 Joseph Martin Kraus a composer in the classical era who was born in Miltenberg am Main, Germany. He moved to Sweden at age 21, and died at the age of 36 in Stockholm. He is sometimes referred to as "the Swedish Mozart", and had a life span which was very similar to that of Mozart
1760 Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.
1761 Jacob Hübner a German entomologist. He was the author of Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge , a founding work of entomology
1761 Frédéric Henri Walther an Alsatian-born general of division and a supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte. He fought for France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars
1763 Wolfe Tone regarded as the father of Irish republicanism. He was captured by British forces at Lough Swilly in Donegal and taken prisoner. Before he was to be executed, it is believed that Wolfe Tone attempted suicide. He subsequently died from mortal wounds eight days afterwards, thus avoiding being hanged as a convicted traitor to the British Crown for his involvement in the 1798 Irish Rebellion
1770 Moses Waddel an American educator and minister in antebellum Georgia and South Carolina. Famous as a teacher during his life, Moses Waddel was author of the bestselling book Memoirs of the Life of Miss Caroline Elizabeth Smelt
1771 Thomas Douglas 5th Earl of Selkirk a Scottish peer. He was born at Saint Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He was noteworthy as a Scottish philanthropist who sponsored immigrant settlements in Canada at the Red River Colony
1771 Hermann von Boyen a Prussian army officer who helped to reform the Prussian Army in the early 19th century. He also served as minister of war of Prussia in the period 1810-1813 and later again from 1 March 1841 – 6 October 1847
1777 Jean-Jacques Lartigue a Canadian Sulpician, who served as the first Catholic Bishop of Montreal.
1778 Jean Baptiste Gay vicomte de Martignac a moderate royalist French statesman during the Bourbon Restoration 1814–30 under King Charles X.
1786 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore a French poet and novelist.
1789 Johann Cornies a Mennonite German settler to the Russian Empire.
1789 Friedrich Wilhelm Carové a German philosopher and publicist.
1793 Aleksander Fredro a Polish poet, playwright and author active during Polish Romanticism in the period of partitions by neighboring empires. His works including plays written in the octosyllabic verse and in prose as well as fables, belong to the canon of Polish literature. Fredro was harshly criticized by some of his contemporaries for light-hearted humor or even the alleged immorality which led to years of his literary silence. Many of Fredro's dozens of plays were published and popularized only after his death. His best-known works have been translated into English, French, German, Russian, Czech, Romanian, Hungarian and Slovak
1808 Urbano Rattazzi an Italian statesman.
1808 Samson Raphael Hirsch a German rabbi best known as the intellectual founder of the Torah im Derech Eretz school of contemporary Orthodox Judaism. Occasionally termed neo-Orthodoxy, his philosophy, together with that of Azriel Hildesheimer, has had a considerable influence on the development of Orthodox Judaism
1813 Joseph Autran a French poet.
1819 Jacques Offenbach a German-born French composer, cellist and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann. He was a powerful influence on later composers of the operetta genre, particularly Johann Strauss, and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, and many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st. The Tales of Hoffman remains part of the standard opera repertory
1823 Horace Lawson Hunley a Confederate marine engineer during the American Civil War. He developed early hand-powered submarines, the most famous of which was posthumously named for him, L. Hunley
1827 Bernhard Weiss a German Protestant New Testament scholar. He was the father of Johannes Weiss
1829 Wilhelm Lindenschmit the Younger a German history painter who was a native of Munich. He was the son of painter Wilhelm Lindenschmit the Elder
1832 Benjamin Bristow an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as the first Solicitor General of the United States and as a U.S. Treasury Secretary. As the United States first Solicitor General, Bristow aided President Ulysses Grant and Attorney General Amos Akerman vigorous and thorough prosecution and destruction of the Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstructed South. Sol. Gen. Bristow advocated African American citizens in Kentucky be allowed to testify in a white man's court case and that education was for all races to be paid for by public funding. As Secretary of the Treasury, Bristow promoted gold standard currency and by President Grant's order thoroughly prosecuted and shut down the notorious Whiskey Ring, a tax evasion scheme that depleted the national Treasury. As a strong reformer, Secretary Bristow was one of the most popular Grant Cabinet members among other reformers in the nation. Secretary Bristow was also behind the Resumption of Specie Act of 1875, that helped stabilize the economy during the Panic of 1873
1833 Anton Door an Austrian pianist and music educator, also known in Russia as Anton Andreyevich Door.
1833 Léon Bonnat a French painter.
1837 David Josiah Brewer an American jurist and an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court for 20 years. He was a Republican
1839 Konstantin Makovsky an influential Russian painter, affiliated with the "Peredvizhniki ". Many of his historical paintings, such as The Russian Bride's Attire , showed an idealized view of Russian life of prior centuries. He is often considered a representative of a Salon art