Died on June 21

870 Al-Muhtadi the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 869 to 870, during the "Anarchy at Samarra".
1040 Fulk III Count of Anjou the first great builder of castles. He lived from 970 to 1040, constructed an estimated 100 castles and abbeys across the Loire Valley in today’s France, fought successive wars with neighbors in Brittany, Blois, Poitou and Aquitaine counties and traveled four times to Jerusalem on pilgrimage during the course of his life. He had two wives and three children
1093 Sophie Countess of Bar a daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Upper Lorraine and Matilda of Swabia. After her father died, she and her sister Beatrice went to live with their mother's sister, Empress Gisela
1171 Walter de Luci the brother of Richard de Luci, who was Chief Justiciar of England.
1208 Philip of Swabia a prince of the House of Hohenstaufen and King of Germany from 1198 to 1208. In the long-time struggle for the German throne upon the death of Emperor Henry VI between the Hohenstaufen and Welf dynasties, he was the first German king to be assassinated
1213 Eleanor Countess of Vermandois a daughter of Ralph I, Count of Vermandois and his second wife Petronilla of Aquitaine. Eleanor was Countess of Vermandois in her own right and was Countess of Ostervant, Nevers, Auxerre, Boulogne and Beaumont by her various marriages
1221 Henry III Duke of Limburg the Duke of Limburg and Count of Arlon from 1165 to his death. He was the son and successor of Henry II and Matilda of Saffenberg
1305 Wenceslaus II of Bohemia King of Bohemia , Duke of Cracow , and King of Poland.
1377 Edward III of England noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His reign also saw vital developments in legislation and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death. He is one of only six British monarchs to have ruled England or its successor kingdoms for more than fifty years
1421 Jean Le Maingre marshal of France and a knight renowned for his military skill.
1448 Theodore II Palaiologos Despot in Morea from 1407 to 1443.
1521 Leonardo Loredan the doge of the Republic of Venice from 1501 until his death, in the course of the War of the League of Cambrai.
1527 Niccolò Machiavelli an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was for many years an official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was Secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his masterpiece, The Prince, after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence
1529 John Skelton an English poet. He died at Westminster. He was the favourite teacher of King Henry VIII of England
1547 Sebastiano del Piombo an Italian painter of the High Renaissance and early Mannerist periods famous for his combination of the colors of the Venetian school and the monumental forms of the Roman school.
1558 Piero Strozzi an Italian military leader. He was a member of the rich Florentine family of the Strozzi
1582 Oda Nobutada the eldest son of Oda Nobunaga, and a samurai who fought in many battles during the Sengoku period. He commanded armies under his father in battles against Matsunaga Hisahide and against the Takeda clan
1582 Oda Katsunaga a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period through early Azuchi-Momoyama Period, who was the fifth son of Oda Nobunaga. At a very young age, Katsunaga, then known as "Gobomaru", was given in adoption to Toyama Kagetou and his wife, Lady Otsuya at Iwamura Castle. Lady Otsuya was Oda Nobunaga's aunt. In 1572, the castle was captured by Takeda forces under Akiyama Nobutomo, and Gobomaru, then only four, became a hostage to the Takeda. Takeda Katsuyori returned Gobomaru to the Oda clan in 1581, where he was allowed the delegated hold over Iwamura castle. One year later, Katsunaga accompanied his father to Honnō-ji. When Akechi Mitsuhide attacked Honnoji and killed Nobunaga, Katsunaga was killed while defending the Nijō Palace
1582 Oda Nobunaga a powerful samurai daimyo and warlord of Japan in the late 16th century who initiated the unification of Japan near the end of the Warring States period. He lived a life of continuous military conquest, eventually conquering a third of Japan before his death in a 1582 coup. His successors were Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a loyal Oda supporter who would become the first man to unify all of Japan and was thus the first ruler of the whole country since the Ōnin War, and later Tokugawa Ieyasu, who would consolidate his rule under a shogunate, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868
1587 Uluç Ali Reis a corsair who later became an Ottoman admiral , Bey of the Regency of Algiers, and finally Grand Admiral of the Ottoman Fleet in the 16th century.
1591 Aloysius Gonzaga an Italian aristocrat who became a member of the Society of Jesus. While still a student at the Roman College, he died as a result of caring for the victims of an epidemic. He was beatified in 1605, and canonized in 1726
1596 Jean Liebault a doctor and agronomist, born in Dijon.
1621 Louis III Cardinal of Guise the third son of Henry I, Duke of Guise and Catherine of Cleves.
1621 Kryštof Harant a Czech nobleman, traveller, humanist, soldier, writer and composer.
1621 William Strachey an English writer whose works are among the primary sources for the early history of the English colonisation of North America. He is best remembered today as the eye-witness reporter of the 1609 shipwreck on the uninhabited island of Bermuda of the colonial ship Sea Venture, which was caught in a hurricane while sailing to Virginia. The survivors eventually reached Virginia after building two small ships during the ten months they spent on the island. His account of the incident and of the Virginia colony is thought by most Shakespearean scholars to have been a source for Shakespeare’s play The Tempest
1622 Salomon Schweigger a German Lutheran theologian, minister, anthropologist and orientalist of the 16th century. He provided a valuable insight during his travels in the Balkans, Constantinople and the Middle East, and published a famous travel book of his exploits. He also published the first German language translation of the Qur'an
1631 John Smith (explorer) an English soldier, explorer, and author. He was knighted for his services to Sigismund Bathory, Prince of Transylvania and his friend Mózes Székely. He was considered to have played an important part in the establishment of Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America. He was a leader of the Virginia Colony between September 1608 and August 1609, and led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay. He was the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area and New England
1652 Inigo Jones the first significant British architect of the early modern period, and the first to employ Vitruvian rules of proportion and symmetry in his buildings. He left his mark on London by single buildings, such as the Banqueting House, Whitehall, and in area design for Covent Garden square which became a model for future developments in the West End. He made major contributions to stage design by his work as theatrical designer for several dozen masques, most by royal command and many in collaboration with Ben Jonson
1657 Jan Antonisz. van Ravesteyn a successful painter to the Dutch court in The Hague.
1661 Andrea Sacchi an Italian painter of High Baroque Classicism, active in Rome. A generation of artists who shared his style of art include the painters Nicolas Poussin and Giovanni Battista Passeri, the sculptors Alessandro Algardi and François Duquesnoy, and the contemporary biographer Giovanni Bellori
1692 Christian Louis I Duke of Mecklenburg a reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1737 Matthieu Marais a French jurist and writer. Legal advocate at the Parlement of Paris, he was one of the luminaries of the bar during his times
1738 Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Townshend a British Whig statesman. He served for a decade as Secretary of State, directing British foreign policy. He was often known as Turnip Townshend because of his strong interest in farming turnips and his role in the British agricultural revolution
1741 Joseph-Hector Fiocco a Belgian composer and violinist of the high and late Baroque period.
1779 Michael Adelbulner a German mathematician, physicist, physician, and astronomer. He was born at Nürnberg and died in Altdorf bei Nürnberg
1782 Prince George William of Hesse-Darmstadt a Prince of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was born in Darmstadt
1788 Johann Georg Hamann a German philosopher, whose work was used by his student G. Herder as a main support of the Sturm und Drang movement, and associated by historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin with the Counter-Enlightenment. However, recent scholarship such as that by theologian Oswald Bayer places Hamann into a more nebulous category of theologian and philologist, less the proto-Romantic that Herder presented and more a premodern-postmodern thinker who brought the consequences of Lutheran theology to bear upon the burgeoning Enlightenment and especially in reaction to Kant. Goethe and Kierkegaard were among those who considered him to be the finest mind of his time
1796 Richard Gridley born in Boston, Massachusetts. He was a soldier and engineer who served for the British Army during the French and Indian Wars and for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War
1797 Andreas Peter Bernstorff a Danish statesman and politician. He was a Danish minister, father of Christian Günther von Bernstorff, and a guardian of civil and political liberty
1806 Prince Francis Xavier of Saxony a German prince and member of the House of Wettin.
1806 Ignaz Schiffermüller an Austrian naturalist mainly interested in Lepidoptera.
1809 Daniel Lambert a gaol keeper and animal breeder from Leicester, England, famous for his unusually large size. After serving four years as an apprentice at an engraving and die casting works in Birmingham, he returned to Leicester around 1788 and succeeded his father as keeper of Leicester's gaol. He was a keen sportsman and extremely strong, on one occasion he fought a bear in the streets of Leicester. He was an expert in sporting animals, widely respected for his expertise with dogs, horses and fighting cocks
1810 Giovanni Battista Caprara an Italian statesman and cardinal and archbishop of Milan from 1802 to 1810. Legate of Pius VII in France, he implemented the Concordat of 1801
1810 William Paterson (explorer) a Scottish soldier, explorer, Lieutenant governor and botanist best known for leading early settlement in Tasmania.
1814 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 1st Earl of Minto a Scottish politician diplomat. He was viceroy of the short-lived Anglo-Corsican Kingdom from 1793 to 1796 and went on to become Governor-General of India between 1807 and 1813
1820 Alexis Thérèse Petit a French physicist.
1824 Étienne Aignan a French translator, political writer, librettist and playwright born in Beaugency, Loiret.
1827 José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi Mexican writer and political journalist, best known as the author of El Periquillo Sarniento , translated as The Mangy Parrot in English, reputed to be the first novel written in Latin America.
1830 Benoît de Boigne a military adventurer from the Duchy of Savoy, who made his fortune and name in India with the Marathas. He was also named president of the general council of the French département of Mont-Blanc by Napoleon I
1832 Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt the daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and Henriette Karoline of Palatine-Zweibrücken.