Born on June 22

662 Emperor Ruizong of Tang the fifth and ninth emperor of Tang Dynasty. He was the eighth son of Emperor Gaozong and the fourth son of Emperor Gaozong's second wife Empress Wu
916 Sayf al-Dawla the founder of the Emirate of Aleppo, encompassing most of northern Syria and parts of western Jazira, and the brother of al-Hasan ibn Abdallah ibn Hamdan.
1000 Robert I Duke of Normandy the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. Owing to uncertainty over the numbering of the Dukes of Normandy he is usually called Robert I, but sometimes Robert II with his ancestor Rollo as Robert He was the father of William the Conqueror who became in 1066 King of England and founded the House of Normandy
1425 Lucrezia Tornabuoni a daughter of Francesco di Simone Tornabuoni and Nanna di Niccolo di Luigi Guicciardini. Her brother was Giovanni Tornabuoni
1450 Eleanor of Naples Duchess of Ferrara was, by marriage, the first Duchess of Ferrara.
1510 Alessandro de' Medici Duke of Florence ruler of Florence from 1530 until 1537. Though illegitimate, he was the last member of the "senior" branch of the Medici to rule Florence and the first to be a hereditary duke
1593 Sir John Gell 1st Baronet a Parliamentarian politician and military figure in the English Civil War.
1653 André-Hercule de Fleury a French cardinal who served as the chief minister of Louis XV.
1658 Louis VII Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt a Hessian regent.
1664 Johann Ernst III Duke of Saxe-Weimar a duke of Saxe-Weimar.
1680 Ebenezer Erskine a Scottish minister whose actions led to the establishment of the Secession Church.
1684 Francesco Manfredini an Italian Baroque composer, violinist, and church musician.
1704 John Taylor (classical scholar) born at Shrewsbury in Shropshire.
1713 Lord John Sackville the second son of Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. He was a keen cricketer who was closely connected with the sport in Kent
1738 Jacques Delille a French poet and translator. He was born at Aigueperse in Auvergne and died in Paris
1744 Johann Christian Polycarp Erxleben a German naturalist from Quedlinburg.
1757 George Vancouver an English officer of the British Royal Navy, best known for his 1791–95 expedition, which explored and charted North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions, including the coasts of contemporary Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and Oregon. He also explored the Hawaiian Islands and the southwest coast of Australia
1761 Prince Vakhtang-Almaskhan of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, born to King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. He distinguished himself in the war with Iran in 1795 and was then active in opposition to his half-brother George XII of Georgia and the newly established Russian administration in Georgia. In 1802 he surrendered to the Russian authorities and spent the rest of his life in Petersburg, working on an overview of Georgia's history. In Russia he was known as the tsarevich Vakhtang Irakliyevich Gruzinsky
1763 Étienne Méhul a French composer, "the most important opera composer in France during the Revolution." He was also the first composer to be called a "Romantic".
1764 François-Étienne de Damas a French general.
1767 Wilhelm von Humboldt a German philosopher, government functionary, diplomat, and founder of the University of Berlin, which was named after him in 1949.
1770 Wilhelm Traugott Krug a German philosopher and writer.
1775 Johannes Flüggé a German botanist and physician who was a native of Hamburg.
1777 William Brown (admiral) an Irish-born Argentine Admiral. Brown's victories in the Independence War, the Cisplatine War, and the Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata earned the respect and appreciation of the Argentine people, and today he is regarded as one of Argentina's national heroes. Creator and first admiral of the country's maritime forces, he is commonly known as the "father of the Argentine Navy"
1792 James Beaumont Neilson a Scottish inventor whose hot-blast process greatly increased the efficiency of smelting iron.
1793 Tokugawa Ieyoshi the 12th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.
1798 Ditlev Blunck a Danish painter associated with the Danish Golden Age during the first half of the 19th century.
1802 Émile de Girardin a French journalist, publicist, and politician.
1805 Carl Oesterley a German painter and art historian. He is remembered largely for creating oil paintings with Biblical themes
1805 Giuseppe Mazzini an Italian politician, journalist and activist for the unification of Italy. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy in place of the several separate states, many dominated by foreign powers that existed until the 19th century. He also helped define the modern European movement for popular democracy in a republican state
1807 Princess Cecilia of Sweden (1807–1844) a composer, a Swedish princess by birth, and Grand Duchess of Oldenburg by marriage. She was the daughter of King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden and Frederica of Baden
1808 Xavier Marmier a French author born in Pontarlier, in Doubs. He had a passion for travelling, and this he combined throughout his life with the production of literature. After journeying in Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands, he was attached in 1835 to the Arctic expedition of the Recherche; and after a couple of years at Rennes as professor of foreign literature, he visited Russia, Syria, Algeria, North America and South America, and numerous volumes from his pen were the result. In 1870 he was elected to the Academy , and he was for many years prominently identified with the Sainte-Geneviève library. He did much to encourage the study of Scandinavian literature in France, publishing translations of Holberg, Oehlenschlager and others. He died in Paris in 1892
1809 Mary Cowden Clarke an English author. She was the eldest daughter of Vincent Novello. In 1828, she married her brother Alfred's business partner, Charles Cowden Clarke, and worked with him on Shakespeare studies
1819 Hugh Algernon Weddell a physician and botanist, specialising in South American flora.
1821 Karl Otto Georg von Meck an important 19th century Russian businessman of German descent, one of the founders of Russian railways.
1822 Alfonso Giacomo Gaspare Corti born at Gambarana, near Pavia in 1822. A famous friend of Corti's father, Antonio Scarpa, may have kindled his boyhood interest in anatomy and medicine. As a medical student he enrolled first at the University of Pavia. Corti's favorite study there was microanatomy with Bartolomeo Panizza and Mario Rusconi. In 1845, against paternal wishes, Corti moved to Vienna to complete his medical studies and to work in the anatomical institute of Joseph Hirtl. There he received the degree in medicine in 1847 under the supervision of professor Hyrtl, with a thesis on the bloodstream system of a reptile. He was then appointed by Hyrtl to be his Second Prosector. With the outbreak of the 1848 Revolution he left Vienna, and after brief military service in Italy made visits to eminent scientists in Bern, London and Paris. At the beginning of 1850 Corti had received the invitation of the anatomist Albert Kölliker and had moved to Würzburg, where he made friends with Virchow. At the Kölliker Laboratory he began to work on the mammalian auditory system. Corti spent a short time in Utrecht, where he visited Professors Jacobus Schroeder van der Kolk and Pieter Harting. During his stay he learned to use methods to preserve several preparations of the cochlea. From Utrecht he returned to Würzburg to complete his study of at least 200 cochleas of man and different animals. His famous paper, "Recherches sur l'organe de l'ouïe des mammiferes", appeared in 1851 in Kölliker's journal "Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie". In the same year, after the death of his father, he inherited his father's estate and the title "Marchese de San Stefano Belbo" and moved back to Italy. In 1855 Corti married the daughter from a neighboring estate, Maria Bettinzoli. His young wife presented him with a daughter Bianca, and a son Gaspare, but in 1861 she died, leaving him with the responsibility of rearing the children. Unfortunately he was gradually developing arthritis deformans. Corti's last 15 years were further darkened by the inexorable progress of his crippling illness. In 1876, on the second of October, he died at Corvino San Quirico
1830 Theodor Leschetizky a Polish pianist, professor and composer.
1837 Ernst Ziller a Saxon architect who later became a Greek national, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was a major designer of royal and municipal buildings in Athens, Patras and other Greek cities.
1837 Paul Morphy an American chess player. He is considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and an unofficial World Chess Champion. He was a chess prodigy. He was called "The Pride and Sorrow of Chess" because he had a brief and brilliant chess career, but retired from the game while still young
1842 João Barbosa Rodrigues a Brazilian botanist and engineer.
1844 Oscar von Gebhardt a German Lutheran theologian, born in the Baltic German settlement of Wesenberg in the Russian Empire. In 1893 he became chief librarian and professor of paleography at the University of Leipzig. He published Theile's Novum Testamentum Graece and Das Neue Testament griesch und deutsch ; edited The Miniatures of the Ashburnham Pentateuch ; with Adolf von Harnack, Texte und Untersuchungen zur Gerschichte der altchristlichen Literatur , a serial devoted to New Testament and patristic criticism; and, with Harnack and Theodor Zahn, an edition of the apostolic fathers
1845 Richard Seddon to date the longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand. He is regarded by some, including historian Keith Sinclair, as one of New Zealand's greatest political leaders
1846 Tom Dula a former Confederate soldier, who was tried, convicted, and hanged for the murder of his fiancée, Laura Foster. The trial and hanging received national publicity from newspapers such as The New York Times, thus turning Dula's story into a folk legend. While the murder happened in Wilkes County, North Carolina, the trial, conviction, and execution took place in Statesville. There was considerable controversy surrounding his conviction and execution. In subsequent years, a folk song was written , and many oral traditions were passed down, regarding the sensational occurrences surrounding the murder of Foster, and Dula's subsequent execution. The Kingston Trio recorded a hit version of the murder ballad in 1958
1848 William Macewen a Scottish surgeon. He was a pioneer in modern brain surgery and contributed to the development of bone graft surgery, the surgical treatment of hernia and of pneumonectomy
1850 Ignác Goldziher a Hungarian scholar of Islam. Along with the German Theodor Nöldeke and the Dutch Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje, he is considered the founder of modern Islamic studies in Europe
1856 H. Rider Haggard an English writer of adventure novels set in exotic locations, predominantly Africa, and a founder of the Lost World literary genre. He was also involved in agricultural reform throughout the British Empire. His stories, situated at the lighter end of Victorian literature, continue to be popular and influential
1861 Maximilian von Spee a German admiral remembered for his activities during the First World War and the Battle of the Falkland Islands, in which he was killed in action with his two sons.
1861 Félix Fénéon a Parisian anarchist and art critic during the late 19th century. He coined the term "Neo-impressionism" in 1886 to identify a group of artists led by Georges Seurat, and ardently promoted them
1863 Gottlieb von Jagow a German diplomat. He served as the foreign minister of Germany between January 1913 and 1916
1864 Hermann Minkowski a German mathematician, professor at Königsberg, Zürich and Göttingen. He created and developed the geometry of numbers and used geometrical methods to solve problems in number theory, mathematical physics, and the theory of relativity