Died on June 22

209 Saint Alban venerated as the first recorded British Christian martyr, and is considered to be the British protomartyr. Along with his fellow saints "Amphibalus," Julius, and Aaron, Alban is one of four named martyrs recorded from Roman Britain. He is traditionally believed to have been beheaded in the Roman city of Verulamium sometime during the 3rd or 4th century, and his cult has been celebrated there since ancient times
431 Paulinus of Nola a Latin poet and letter-writer, and a convert to the Christian faith. His renunciation of wealth and a senatorial career in favour of a Christian ascetic and philanthropic life was held up as an example by many of his contemporaries, including Augustine, Jerome, Martin of Tours, and Ambrose. After his conversion he wrote to his friend and teacher, the poet Ausonius, affirming his friendship but insisting on the priorities of his new life. He and his wife settled at Nola near Naples, where he wrote poems in honor of Felix and corresponded with Christian leaders throughout the Roman Empire. After his wife's death he became Bishop of Nola, and was invited to help resolve the disputed election of Pope Boniface I
567 Pope Theodosius I of Alexandria the last Patriarch of Alexandria recognised by both Copts and Melchites.
910 Gebhard Duke of Lorraine himself count of Wetterau and Rheingau and then duke of Lotharingia.
1101 Roger I of Sicily the Norman Count of Sicily from 1071 to 1101.
1276 Pope Innocent V Pope from 21 January to 22 June 1276.
1343 Aymon Count of Savoy Count of Savoy from 1329 to 1343.
1429 Jamshīd al-Kāshī a Persian astronomer and mathematician.
1528 William Carey (courtier) a courtier and favourite of King Henry VIII of England. He served the king as a Gentleman of the Privy chamber, and Esquire of the Body to the King. His wife, Mary Boleyn, is known to history as a mistress of King Henry VIII and the sister of Henry's second wife, Anne Boleyn
1535 John Fisher an English Catholic Cardinal-Priest, Bishop, and theologian. He was a man of learning, associated with the intellectuals and political leaders of his day, and eventually became Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
1632 James Whitelocke an English judge and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1610 and 1622.
1634 Johann von Aldringen born at Thionville in Lorraine. After travelling as page to a nobleman in France, Italy and the Netherlands, he went to the University of Paris
1678 Otto Marseus van Schrieck a painter in the Dutch Golden Age. He is best known for his paintings of forest flora and fauna
1699 Josiah Child an English merchant and politician. He was an economist proponent of mercantilism and governor of the East India Company
1714 Matthew Henry a Welsh Non-Conformist minister.
1759 Louis de Cahusac a French playwright and librettist, and Freemason, most famous for his work with the composer Jean-Philippe Rameau. He provided the libretti for several of Rameau's operas, namely Les fêtes de l'Hymen et de l'Amour , Zaïs , Naïs , Zoroastre , La naissance d'Osiris , and Anacréon. He is also credited with writing the libretto of Rameau's final work, Les Boréades. Cahusac contributed to the Encyclopédie and was the lover of Marie Fel
1760 Joaquín Fernández de Portocarrero a Grandee of Spain who served Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor as Viceroy of Sicily and interim Viceroy of Naples, before entering the priesthood in his late forties and rising to the rank of cardinal, ending his life as Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina.
1761 Rainiero d'Elci an Italian Cardinal.
1762 Charles Frederick Albert Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Prussian military officer and the Herrenmeister of the Order of Saint John.
1772 François-Vincent Toussaint a French writer most famous for Les Mœurs. The book was published in 1748 and was soon prosecuted and burned by the French court of justice
1777 Johann Friedrich Cartheuser a German physician and naturalist.
1786 Claude Arnulphy a French painter, chiefly of portraits, based at Aix-en-Provence in the south of France.
1792 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab an Najdi Islamic scholar. Opponents of this movement coined the term "wahabi" or "wahabism", though neither Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab nor any of the movement's participants referred to themselves as such
1798 François Louis Bourdon a French politician of the Revolutionary period and procureur at the parlement of Paris.
1803 Johann Jakob Wilhelm Heinse born at Langewiesen in Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.
1813 Anton Graff an eminent Swiss portrait artist. Among his famous subjects were Friedrich Schiller, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Heinrich von Kleist, Frederick the Great, Friederike Sophie Seyler, Johann Gottfried Herder, Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Moses Mendelssohn and Christian Felix Weisse. His pupils included Emma Körner, Philipp Otto Runge and Karl Ludwig Kaaz
1825 Johann Karl Burckhardt a German-born astronomer and mathematician who later became a naturalized French citizen. He is remembered in particular for his work in fundamental astronomy, and for his lunar theory, which was in widespread use for the construction of navigational ephemerides of the Moon for much of the first half of the nineteenth century
1846 Benjamin Haydon an English painter, specialising in grand historical pictures, although he also painted a few contemporary subjects and, with some reluctance, portraits. His commercial success was damaged by his often tactless dealings with patrons, and by the enormous scale on which he preferred to work. He was troubled by financial problems throughout his life, which led to several periods of imprisonment for debt. He committed suicide in 1846
1852 Rémi Joseph Isidore Exelmans a distinguished French soldier of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as a political figure of the following period.
1865 Ángel de Saavedra 3rd Duke of Rivas a Spanish poet, dramatist and politician born in Devis. He is best known for his play Don Álvaro; o, La fuerza del sino , the first romantic success in the fatty theater
1868 Heber C. Kimball a leader in the early Latter Day Saint movement. He served as one of the original twelve apostles in the early Church of the Latter Day Saints, and as first counselor to Brigham Young in the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death
1872 Rudecindo Alvarado an Argentine general. He fought in the military campaigns of Manuel Belgrano, and in the Army of the Andes. He was governor of Mendoza. He left the country during the rule of Juan Manuel de Rosas, and returned in 1852 after Rosas' defeat at the battle of Caseros
1874 Ilija Garašanin a Serbian politician and statesman, serving as Interior Minister and Prime Minister.
1874 Howard Staunton generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Saint-Amant. He promoted a chess set of clearly distinguishable pieces of standardised shape—the Staunton pattern promulgated by Nathaniel Cook—that is still the style required for competitions. He was the principal organiser of the first international chess tournament in 1851, which made England the world's leading chess centre and caused Adolf Anderssen to be recognised as the world's strongest player
1875 William Edmond Logan a Scottish-Canadian geologist.
1885 Emil Riebeck a German explorer, mineralogist, ethnologist, and naturalist. He was born in Preusslitz to Carl Adolf Riebeck, an industrial magnate. He traveled to North Africa and Arabia several times, and in 1881 travelled with Georg Schweinfurth on an expedition to Socotra. He traveled with Adolf Bastian to the hills of Chittagong in 1882
1885 Muhammad Ahmad a religious leader of the Samaniyya order in Sudan who, on June 29, 1881, proclaimed himself the Mahdi , the messianic redeemer of the Islamic faith. His proclamation came during a period of widespread resentment among the Sudanese population of the oppressive policies of the Turco-Egyptian rulers, and capitalized on the messianic beliefs popular among the various Sudanese religious sects of the time. More broadly, the Mahdiyya, as Muhammad Ahmad's movement was called, was influenced by earlier Mahdist movements in West Africa, as well as Wahabism and other puritanical forms of Islamic revivalism that developed in reaction to the growing military and economic dominance of the European powers throughout the 19th century
1886 Henry Fletcher Hance a British diplomat who devoted his spare time to the study of Chinese plants. Born in London, his first appointment was to Hong Kong in 1844; he later became vice-consul to Whampoa, consul to Canton, and finally consul to Xiamen, where he died in 1886. In 1873, Hance published a supplement to George Bentham's 1861 Flora Hongkongensis
1888 Edmund Neupert a Norwegian pianist and composer.
1890 Francisco Menéndez Provisional President of El Salvador from 22 June 1885 to 1 March 1887, then President of El Salvador from 1 March 1887 until his death on 22 June 1890. General Francisco Menéndez was born in Ahuachapán, 3 December 1830 and died in San Salvador, 22 June 1890. His parents were José Eustachian Menéndez and Gabriela Valdivieso, independently wealthy landowners. In 1858, General Menéndez wed Bonifacia Salazar in an arranged marriage. At age forty-one he took an active role in the revolution of 1871 that ousted Francisco Dueñas, the mayor of Ahuachapán. At the age of fifty-five General Menéndez was named Provisional President of El Salvador 22 June 1885, receiving the supreme power of José Rosales
1892 Pierre Ossian Bonnet a French mathematician. He made some important contributions to the differential geometry of surfaces, including the Gauss–Bonnet theorem
1893 Sir William Mackinnon 1st Baronet a Scottish ship-owner and businessman who built up substantial commercial interests in India and East Africa. He established the British India Steam Navigation Company and the Imperial British East Africa Company
1893 George Tryon a British admiral who died when his flagship HMS Victoria collided with HMS Camperdown during manoeuvres off Tripoli, Lebanon.
1894 Alexandre-Antonin Taché a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, missionary of the Oblate order, author and the first Archbishop of Saint Boniface in the Canadian province of Manitoba.
1896 Benjamin Bristow an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as the first Solicitor General of the United States and as a U.S. Treasury Secretary. As the United States first Solicitor General, Bristow aided President Ulysses Grant and Attorney General Amos Akerman vigorous and thorough prosecution and destruction of the Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstructed South. Sol. Gen. Bristow advocated African American citizens in Kentucky be allowed to testify in a white man's court case and that education was for all races to be paid for by public funding. As Secretary of the Treasury, Bristow promoted gold standard currency and by President Grant's order thoroughly prosecuted and shut down the notorious Whiskey Ring, a tax evasion scheme that depleted the national Treasury. As a strong reformer, Secretary Bristow was one of the most popular Grant Cabinet members among other reformers in the nation. Secretary Bristow was also behind the Resumption of Specie Act of 1875, that helped stabilize the economy during the Panic of 1873
1898 Frederick Benteen a military officer during the American Civil War and then during the Indian Campaigns and Great Sioux War against the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne. Benteen is best known for being in command of a battalion of the 7th S. Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in late June, 1876
1900 Jasper Francis Cropsey an important American landscape artist of the Hudson River School.
1905 Francis Lubbock the ninth Governor of Texas and was in office during the American Civil War. He was the brother of Thomas Saltus Lubbock, for whom Lubbock County, Texas and the City of Lubbock are named
1906 Fritz Schaudinn a German zoologist.
1910 Princess Marie of the Netherlands the fourth child and younger daughter of Prince Frederick of the Netherlands and wife of William, 5th Prince of Wied. She was the mother of William, Prince of Albania