Born on June 23

47 Caesarion the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt, who reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 44 Between the death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh. He was killed on the orders of Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus. He was the eldest son of Cleopatra VII, and possibly the only son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named
1137 Adalbert of Mainz I von Saarbrücken , Archbishop of Mainz from 1111 until his death, played a key role in opposing Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, and in securing the election of Lothar III, Holy Roman Emperor.
1160 John of Matha a Christian saint of the 12th century and founder of the Order of the Most Holy Trinity, dedicated to ransoming captive Christians.
1314 Henry de Bohun an English knight, the grandson of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford. He was killed on the first day of the Battle of Bannockburn by Robert the Bruce. Riding in the vanguard of heavy cavalry, de Bohun caught sight of the Scottish king who was mounted on a small palfrey armed only with a battle-axe. De Bohun lowered his lance and charged, but Bruce stood his ground. At the last moment Bruce manoeuvred his mount nimbly to one side, stood up in his stirrups and hit de Bohun so hard with his axe that he split his helmet and head in two. Despite the great risk the King had taken, he merely expressed regret that he had broken the shaft of his favourite axe
1385 Stephen Count Palatine of Simmern-Zweibrücken Count Palatine of Simmern and Zweibrücken from 1410 until his death in 1459.
1433 Francis II Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany from 1458 to his death. He was the son of Richard of Brittany and the grandson of Duke John A recurring theme in Francis' life would be his quest to maintain the independence of Brittany from France. As such, his reign was characterised by conflicts with King Louis XI of France and with his daughter, Anne of France, who served as regent during the minority of her brother, Charles VIII. The armed and unarmed conflicts between 1484-1488 have been called the Mad War and also the War of the Public Weal
1456 Margaret of Denmark Queen of Scotland Queen of Scotland from 1469 to 1486 as the wife of King James III. She was the daughter of Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and Dorothea of Brandenburg
1489 Charles II Duke of Savoy the Duke of Savoy from 1490 to 1496 but his mother Blanche of Montferrat was the actual ruler as a Regent. In 1485 his father Charles I had received the hereditary rights to the Kingdoms of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia which were inherited by young Charles
1519 Johannes Goropius Becanus a Dutch physician, linguist, and humanist.
1534 Oda Nobunaga a powerful samurai daimyo and warlord of Japan in the late 16th century who initiated the unification of Japan near the end of the Warring States period. He lived a life of continuous military conquest, eventually conquering a third of Japan before his death in a 1582 coup. His successors were Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a loyal Oda supporter who would become the first man to unify all of Japan and was thus the first ruler of the whole country since the Ōnin War, and later Tokugawa Ieyasu, who would consolidate his rule under a shogunate, which ruled Japan until the Meiji Restoration in 1868
1593 Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg a princess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Altenburg.
1596 Johan Banér a Swedish Field Marshal in the Thirty Years' War.
1612 André Tacquet a brabantian mathematician and Jesuit Priest. His work prepared ground for the eventual discovery of the calculus
1616 Shah Shuja (Mughal prince) the second son of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and empress Mumtaz Mahal.
1625 John Fell (bishop) an English churchman and influential academic. He served as Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, and later concomitantly as Bishop of Oxford
1652 Jan Brokoff a baroque-era sculptor and carver.
1654 Grzegorz Antoni Ogiński a Polish-Lithuanian Hetman and governor-general of the Duchy of Samogitia from 1698.
1654 Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst a member of the Albertine branch of the House of Wettin, and a princess of Saxe-Weissenfels and Querfurt by birth and by marriage Duchess of Anhalt-Zerbst.
1668 Giambattista Vico an Italian political philosopher, rhetorician, historian, and jurist. He criticized the expansion and development of modern rationalism and was an apologist of classical antiquity. Vico is best known for his magnum opus, the Scienza Nuova of 1725, often published in English as New Science
1675 Louis de Silvestre a French portrait and history painter. He was court painter to King Augustus II of Poland, and director of the Royal Academy of Arts in Dresden
1683 Étienne Fourmont a French scholar and Orientalist who served as professor of Arabic at the Collège de France and published grammars on the Arabic, Hebrew, and Chinese languages.
1685 Antonio Bernacchi an Italian castrato, composer, and teacher of singing. He studied with Francesco Antonio Pistocchi. His pupils included Farinelli, for a brief period during 1727, and the tenor Anton Raaff. Nowadays Bernacchi is best remembered for his association with the composer George Frideric Handel, in six of whose operas he sang
1688 John Louis II Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dornburg. After 1742 he became ruler over the principality of Anhalt-Zerbst
1703 Marie Leszczyńska a queen consort of France. She was a daughter of King Stanisław I of Poland and Catherine Opalińska. She married King Louis XV of France and was the grandmother of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII, and Charles She was the longest-serving queen consort of France
1711 Giovanni Battista Guadagnini an Italian luthier, regarded as one of the finest craftsmen of string instruments in history. He is widely considered the third greatest maker after Antonio Stradivari and Giuseppe Guarneri "Del Gesu"
1716 Fletcher Norton 1st Baron Grantley an English politician.
1750 Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu a French geologist; the mineral and the rock dolomite and the largest summital crater on the Piton de la Fournaise volcano were named after him.
1763 Joséphine de Beauharnais the first wife of Napoleon I, and thus the first Empress of the French.
1764 Gabriel-Marie Legouvé a French poet.
1772 Cristóbal Mendoza a Venezuelan politician. Cristobal became the first official President of Venezuela by becoming the first head of the First Republic of Venezuela from 1811 to 1812
1774 Matthijs Siegenbeek a Dutch academic. From 1797 to 1847 he was the first professor of the Dutch language at the University of Leiden. From 1803 he was the member, then secretary, of the head-office of that university's literary faculty. Initially he was a Mennonite voorganger in Dokkum
1774 Charles Lallemand now Texas, and finally returned to France to serve as governor of Corsica.
1779 Charles Austen an officer in the Royal Navy. He served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and beyond, eventually rising to the rank of rear-admiral
1782 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky a Russian military hero of the early 19th century.
1794 Louis Petitot a French sculptor, who was born and died in Paris. He was the pupil and son-in-law of the sculptor Pierre Cartellier
1799 John Milton Bernhisel an American physician, politician and early member of the Latter Day Saint movement. He was a close friend and companion to both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young. Bernhisel was the original delegate of the Utah Territory in the United States House of Representatives and acted as a member of the Council of Fifty of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
1800 Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer a German actress and writer.
1800 Karol Marcinkowski a Polish physician, social activist in the Greater Poland region , supporter of the basic education programmes, organizer of the Scientific Help Society and the Poznań Bazar - the Polish mall in Poznań that included a hotel, meeting rooms, crafts and shops.
1804 August Borsig a German businessman who founded the Borsig-Werke factory.
1805 Friedrich Drake a German sculptor, best known for his huge memorial statues.
1810 Fanny Elssler an Austrian ballerina of the Romantic Period.
1823 William Kitchen Parker an English physician, zoologist and comparative anatomist. From a humble beginning he became Hunterian Professor of Anatomy and Physiology in the College of Surgeons of England
1824 Carl Reinecke a German composer, conductor, and pianist.
1828 Johannes Schilling a German sculptor.
1832 Gustav Jäger (naturalist) a German naturalist and hygienist.
1834 Alexandru Odobescu a Romanian author, archaeologist and politician.
1841 Wilhelm Heinrich Waagen a geologist and paleontologist. He was born in Munich and died in Vienna
1843 Otto Kuntze a German botanist.
1843 Paul Heinrich von Groth a German mineralogist. His most important contribution to science was his systematic classification of minerals based on their chemical compositions and crystal structures
1846 Alexandr von Bilderling a general in the Imperial Russian Army, noted for this role in the Russo-Japanese War and an artist and monument designer.