Died on June 23

79 Vespasian Roman Emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for twenty seven years. Vespasian was from an equestrian family that rose into the senatorial rank under the Julio–Claudian emperors. Although he fulfilled the standard succession of public offices, and held the consulship in AD 51, Vespasian's renown came from his military success: he was legate of Legio II Augusta during the Roman invasion of Britain in 43 and subjugated Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66
679 Æthelthryth the name for the Anglo-Saxon saint known, particularly in a religious context, as Etheldreda or Audrey. She was an East Anglian princess, a Fenland and Northumbrian queen and Abbess of Ely
1018 Henry I Margrave of Austria the Margrave of Austria from 994 to his death in 1018. He was a member of the House of Babenberg
1222 Constance of Aragon an Aragonese infanta who was by marriage firstly Queen consort of Hungary, and secondly Queen consort of Germany and Sicily and Holy Roman Empress. She was regent of Sicily from 1212–1220
1290 Henryk IV Probus a member of the Silesian branch of the royal Polish Piast dynasty. He was Duke of Silesia at Wrocław from 1266, and from also 1288 High Duke of the Polish Seniorate Province of Kraków until his death in 1290
1324 Aymer de Valence 2nd Earl of Pembroke a Franco-English nobleman. Though primarily active in England, he also had strong connections with the French royal house. One of the wealthiest and most powerful men of his age, he was a central player in the conflicts between Edward II of England and his nobility, particularly Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster. Pembroke was one of the Lords Ordainers appointed to restrict the power of Edward II and his favourite Piers Gaveston. His position changed with the great insult he suffered when Gaveston, as a prisoner in his custody whom he had sworn to protect, was removed and beheaded on the instigation of Lancaster. This led Pembroke into close and lifelong cooperation with the King. Later in life, however, political circumstances combined with financial difficulties would cause him problems, driving him away from the centre of power
1356 Margaret II Countess of Hainaut Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland from 1345 to 1356. Margaret was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut, and his wife, Joan of Valois. On 26 February 1324 in Cologne she married Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian
1444 Mark of Ephesus a hesychast theologian of the late Palaiologan period who became famous for his rejection of the Council of Ferrara-Florence. As a monk in Constantinople, Mark was a prolific hymnographer and a devoted Palamite. As a theologian and a scholar, he was instrumental in the preparations for the Council of Ferrara-Florence, and as Metropolitan of Ephesus and delegate for the Patriarch of Alexandria, he was one of the most important voices at the synod. After renouncing the Council as a lost cause, Mark became the leader of the Orthodox opposition to the Union of Florence, thus sealing his reputation as a defender of Orthodoxy and pillar of the Church
1537 Pedro de Mendoza a Spanish conquistador, soldier and explorer, and the first adelantado of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
1544 Artemius of Verkola a child saint venerated in the Russian Orthodox Church.
1561 Saitō Yoshitatsu a Japanese samurai during the Sengoku period.
1565 Turgut Reis an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Mediterranean; and first Bey, later Pasha, of Tripoli. Under his naval command the Ottoman Empire's maritime power was extended across North Africa. When Turgut was serving as pasha, he adorned and built up the city of Tripoli, making it one of the most impressive cities along the North African Coast. Known in different languages under such names as Dragut or Darghouth , the name in Turkey is Turgut Reis
1582 Shimizu Muneharu a military commander during the Sengoku period. He served the Mōri clan as a retainer to Kobayakawa Takakage and took part in the expedition to unify the Chūgoku region. He was lord of Shimizu castle at Bitchu Province, and became the lord of the Bitchu Takamatsu Castle after he captured it in 1565. His father was Shimizu Munenori
1587 Ōmura Sumitada Japanese daimyo lord of the Sengoku period. He achieved fame throughout the country for being the first of the daimyo to convert to Christianity following the arrival of the Jesuit missionaries in the mid-16th century. Following his baptism, he became known as "Dom Bartolomeu". Sumitada is also known as the lord who opened the port of Nagasaki to foreign trade
1611 Christian II Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1591 to 1611.
1615 Mashita Nagamori a daimyo in Azuchi-Momoyama period, and one of the Go-Bugyō appointed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Also called Niemon or by his court title, Uemon-no-jō
1646 Jakub Sobieski a Polish noble, parliamentarian, diarist, political activist, military leader and father of King John III Sobieski. He was the son of castellan and voivode Marek Sobieski and Jadwiga Snopkowska
1662 Koxinga a Chinese military leader who was born in Hirado, Japan to the Chinese merchant/pirate Zheng Zhilong and his Japanese wife Tagawa Matsu, and died on Formosa.
1677 William Louis Duke of Württemberg the ruler of the senior Duchy of Württemberg from 1674 until his death in 1677.
1686 William Coventry an English statesman.
1707 John Mill (theologian) an English theologian. He is noted for his critical edition of the Greek New Testament which included notes on many variant readings
1728 Gabriel Daniel born in Rouen.
1733 Johann Jakob Scheuchzer a Swiss scholar born at Zürich.
1734 Dom Jacques Alexandre a learned Benedictine monk of the Congregation of Maur. He made his profession in the abbey of Vendôme, 26 August 1673, and after completing his philosophical and theological studies, was sent to the monastery of Bonne-Nouvelle, where he spent the remainder of his life
1761 Nanasaheb Peshwa the son of Bajirao from his marriage with Kashibai and one of the Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. He contributed heavily to the development of the city of Pune, India. He was appointed as Peshwa by Chattrapati Shahu himself. At time of his death in 1749, the issueless Shahu made him the Peshwas of Maratha Empire.His career saw some of the best and worst moments of the Maratha empire. Maratha power in India reached its peak under his reign. With able leadership by his family members and other Maratha Generals, the borders of Maratha Empire crossed Peshawar by 1760 However, he is also partly been held responsible for the defeat of the Marathas at the Battle of Panipat
1770 Mark Akenside an English poet and physician.
1775 Karl Ludwig von Pöllnitz a German adventurer and writer from Issum.
1779 Mikael Sehul a Ras or governor of Tigray 1748–71 and again from 1772 until his death. He was a major political figure during the reign of Emperor Iyasu II and his successors until almost the time of his death
1795 Aleksey Antropov a Russian painter active primarily in Petersburg, where he was born and died. He also worked in Moscow and frescoed churches in Kiev. His preferred medium was oil, but he also painted miniatures and icons
1806 Mathurin Jacques Brisson a French zoologist and natural philosopher.
1811 Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida the foremost Portuguese satirical poet of the 18th century. Beginning at age 20, Tolentino studied law for three years at the University of Coimbra; he then ended those studies to teach rhetoric. He was sent to Lisbon in 1776 to fill a post, and was named professor of rhetoric a year later. His interests soon shifted once again, from teaching, to public office. He wrote against the Marquis of Pombal, and therefore gained the favor of Pombal's successor. He was awarded with a sinecure office in the royal administration. In 1790, he was honored with the title of knight of the royal family
1821 Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre Duchess of Orléans the daughter of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre and of Princess Maria Theresa Felicitas of Modena. At the death of her brother, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon-Penthièvre, prince de Lamballe, she became the wealthiest heiress in France prior to the French Revolution. She married Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, the "regicide" Philippe Égalité, and was the mother of France's last king, Louis Philippe I, King of the French. She was sister-in-law to the princesse de Lamballe, and was the last member of the Bourbon-Penthièvre family
1831 Mateo Albéniz also known as Mateo Antonio Pérez de Albéniz —no relation to the better-known composer Isaac Albéniz—was a Spanish composer and priest. He held a post as Maestro de Capilla in San Sebastián and in Logroño from 1795 to 1800, when he returned to San Sebastián until his retirement in 1829
1832 Sir James Hall 4th Baronet a Scottish geologist and geophysicist, born at Dunglass, East Lothian, to Sir John Hall, 3rd Baronet , by his spouse, Magdalen daughter of Sir Robert Pringle, 3rd Baronet, of Stichill, Roxburghshire. Sir James was also Member of Parliament for Michael's borough 1807–1812
1836 James Mill a Scottish historian, economist, political theorist, and philosopher. He was a founder of classical economics, together with David Ricardo, and the father of John Stuart Mill, the philosopher of liberalism. His influential "History of British India" contains a complete denunciation and rejection of Indian culture and civilisation
1839 Lady Hester Stanhope a British socialite, adventurer and traveler. Her archaeological expedition to Ashkelon in 1815 is considered the first modern excavation in the history of Holy Land archeology. Her use of a medieval Italian document is described as "one of the earliest uses of textual sources by field archaeologists"
1839 Mariano Lagasca a Spanish botanist, writer and doctor. He was the director of Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
1841 Étienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pagès a French politician, born at Marseille.
1847 Mikhail Vasilyev a Russian explorer and vice admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He is reputed for having surveyed the then little-known coast of Alaska as navigator. Vasiliev was sent by the Russian Imperial Hydrographic Service in 1819 to explore the northern parts of the Pacific ocean and particularly the area around the Bering strait. Certain geographic features of the Alaskan coast, like the Lindenberg Peninsula and Sealion Island were named by him in the maps that were subsequently published
1856 Ivan Kireyevsky credited as a co-founder of the Slavophile movement.
1859 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (1786–1859) the third daughter of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. She was the Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach by her marriage to Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
1862 John Baptiste Henri Joseph Desmazières a merchant of Lille and amateur mycologist from France. He was the editor of the scientific journals Annales des sciences naturelles and the Bulletin de la société des sciences de Lille
1863 Matvey Dmitriev-Mamonov a Russian figure of public life and writer, organiser and chief of the Mamonov regiment during the Napoleonic wars, major general , founder of the pre-decembrist Russian Order of Chivalry. He held a considerable estate, including the manor Dubrovitsy near Moscow. In 1825 he refused the oath on Tzar Nicholas I and was declared insane. For the rest of his life he stood under trusteeship at Vassilyevskoye manor, which became known as Mamonov’s Dacha
1864 Christian Ludwig Brehm a German pastor and ornithologist. He was the father of Alfred Brehm
1865 Samuel Francis Du Pont an American naval officer who achieved the rank of Rear Admiral in the United States Navy, and a member of the prominent Du Pont family; he was the only member of his generation to use a capital He served prominently during the Mexican-American War and the Civil War, was superintendent of the United States Naval Academy, and made significant contributions to the modernization of the U.S. Navy
1876 Robert Napier (engineer) often called "The Father of Clyde Shipbuilding.".
1878 George Back a British naval officer, explorer of the Canadian Arctic, naturalist and artist.
1880 Adolph Eduard Grube a German Zoologist.
1881 Matthias Jakob Schleiden a German botanist and co-founder of the cell theory, along with Theodor Schwann and Rudolf Virchow.
1891 Wilhelm Eduard Weber a German physicist and, together with Carl Friedrich Gauss, inventor of the first electromagnetic telegraph.