June 23 events in history

1180 First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan
1280 The Battle of Moclín takes place in the context of the Spanish Reconquista pitting the forces of the Kingdom of Castile against the Emirate of Granada. The battle resulted in a Granadian victory
1305 A peace treaty between the Flemish and the French is signed at Athis-sur-Orge
1314 First War of Scottish Independence: The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins
1532 Henry VIII and François I sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V
1565 Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
1611 The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson's fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again
1661 Marriage contract between Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza
1683 William Penn signs a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania
1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
1757 Battle of Plassey: Three thousand British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey
1758 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
1760 Seven Years' War: Battle of Landeshut – Austria defeats Prussia
1780 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township)
1794 Empress Catherine II of Russia grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev
1810 John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company
1812 War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war
1848 Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris, France
1860 The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office
1865 American Civil War: at Fort Towson in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate, Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army
1868 Typewriter: Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the "Type-Writer."
1887 The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada creating the nation's first national park, Banff National Park
1894 The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin
1913 Second Balkan War: The Greeks defeat the Bulgarians in the Battle of Doiran
1914 Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta
1917 In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire
1919 Estonian War of Independence: the decisive defeat of the Baltische Landeswehr in the Battle of Cesis. This day is celebrated as Victory Day in Estonia
1926 The College Board administers the first SAT exam
1931 Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from Roosevelt Field, Long Island in an attempt to circumnavigate the world in a single-engine plane
1938 The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States
1940 World War II: German leader Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France
1941 The Lithuanian Activist Front declares independence from the Soviet Union and forms the Provisional Government of Lithuania; it lasts only briefly as the Nazis will occupy Lithuania a few weeks later
1942 World War II: The first selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place on a train full of Jews from Paris
1942 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf Fw 190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
1943 World War II: The British destroyers HMS Eclipse and HMS Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland
1946 The 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake strikes Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada
1946 The National Democratic Front wins a landslide victory in the municipal elections in French India
1947 The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act
1956 The French National Assembly takes the first step in creating the French Community by passing the Loi Cadre, transferring a number of powers from Paris to elected territorial governments in French West Africa
1958 The Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
1959 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career
1959 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim (Norway) kills 34 people
1960 The United States Food and Drug Administration declares Enovid to be the first officially approved combined oral contraceptive pill in the world
1961 Cold War: the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent, comes into force after the opening date for signature set for the December 1, 1959
1967 Cold War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey for the three-day Glassboro Summit Conference
1969 Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren
1969 Software Industry IBM announced that effective January 1970 it would price its software and services separately from hardware thus creating the modern software industry
1972 Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins
1972 Title IX of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to prohibit sexual discrimination to any educational program receiving federal funds
1973 A fire at a house in Hull, England which kills a six year old boy is passed off as an accident; it later emerges as the first of 26 deaths by fire caused over the next seven years by arsonist Peter Dinsdale