Born on June 24

1210 Floris IV Count of Holland Count of Holland from 1222 to 1234. He was born at The Hague, a son of William I of Holland and his first wife, Adelaide of Guelders
1244 Henry I Landgrave of Hesse the first Landgrave of Hesse. He was the son of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Sophie of Thuringia
1254 Floris V Count of Holland reigned as Count of Holland and Zeeland from 1256 until 1296. His life was documented in detail in the Rijmkroniek by Melis Stoke, his chronicler. He is credited with a mostly peaceful reign, modernizing administration, policies beneficial to trade, generally acting in the interests of his peasants at the expense of nobility, and reclaiming land from the sea. His dramatic murder engineered by King Edward I of England and Guy, Count of Flanders, made him a hero in Holland
1293 Joan the Lame Queen of France as the first wife of King Philip Joan served as regent while her husband fought on military campaigns during the Hundred Years' War.
1314 Philippa of Hainault Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III. Edward, Duke of Guyenne, her future husband, promised in 1326 to marry her within the following two years. She was married to Edward, first by proxy, when Edward dispatched the Bishop of Coventry "to marry her in his name" in Valenciennes in October 1327. The marriage was celebrated formally in York Minster on 24 January 1328, some months after Edward's accession to the throne of England. In August 1328, he also fixed his wife's dower
1322 Joanna Duchess of Brabant the heiress of Duke John III, who died in Brussels, December 5, 1355. Her mother was Marie d'Évreux
1343 Joan of Valois Queen of Navarre the daughter of John II of France , and his first wife, Bonne of Luxembourg. She married Charles II of Navarre , and became Queen-consort of Navarre
1360 Nuno Álvares Pereira Dom Nuno Álvares Pereira, Carm. also spelled Nun'Álvares Pereira, was a Portuguese general of great success who had a decisive role in the 1383-1385 Crisis that assured Portugal's independence from Castile. He later became a mystic, was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1918 and was canonised by Pope Benedict XVI in 2009
1386 John of Capistrano a Franciscan friar and Catholic priest from the Italian town of Capestrano, Abruzzo. Famous as a preacher, theologian, and inquisitor, he earned himself the nickname 'the Soldier Saint' when in 1456 at age 70 he led a crusade against the invading Ottoman Empire at the siege of Belgrade with the Hungarian military commander John Hunyadi
1390 John Cantius a Polish priest, scholastic philosopher, physicist and theologian. He is also known as John of Kanty or John of Kanti or John Kantius
1413 John IV Marquess of Montferrat the Margrave of Montferrat from 1445 until his death.
1465 Isabella del Balzo a Queen consort of Naples. She was the second consort and only Queen consort of Frederick IV of Naples. Isabella was also herself a ruler as duchess regnant of Andria and Venosa and princess regnant of Altamura
1485 Elizabeth of Denmark Electress of Brandenburg a Scandinavian princess who became Electress of Brandenburg as the spouse of Joachim I Nestor, Elector of Brandenburg. She was daughter of King Hans of Denmark, Norway and Sweden and his spouse, Christina of Saxony
1485 Johannes Bugenhagen also called Doctor Pomeranus by Martin Luther, introduced the Protestant Reformation in the Duchy of Pomerania and Denmark in the 16th century. Among his major accomplishments was organization of Lutheran churches in Northern Germany and Scandinavia. He has also been called second Apostle of the North
1499 Johannes Brenz a German theologian and the Protestant Reformer of the Duchy of Württemberg.
1519 Theodore Beza a French Protestant Christian theologian and scholar who played an important role in the Reformation. A member of the monarchomaque movement who opposed absolute monarchy, he was a disciple of John Calvin and lived most of his life in Switzerland
1532 Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester an English nobleman and the favourite and close friend of Elizabeth I from her first year on the throne until his death. The Queen giving him reason to hope, he was a suitor for her hand for many years
1532 William IV Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel the first Landgrave of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel. He was the founder of the oldest line, which survives to this day
1535 Joanna of Austria Princess of Portugal the mother of Sebastian of Portugal, and later regent of Spain for her brother, Philip II of Spain.
1546 Robert Persons an English Jesuit priest. He was a major figure in establishing the 16th-century "English Mission" of the Society of Jesus
1556 Joan of Valois (1556) the twin sister of Victoria of Valois, the last child born to King Henry II of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici.
1556 Victoria of Valois and her twin sister Joan were the last children born to King Henry II of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici.
1562 François de Joyeuse a French churchman and politician.
1585 Johannes Lippius a German Protestant theologian, philosopher, composer, and music theorist. He coined the term "harmonic triad" in his "Synopsis of New Music"
1587 Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger a Flemish-Danish architect who specialised in the Dutch Renaissance style, typical of prestigious Danish buildings from the first half of the 17th century. Along with his brother Lorenz van Steenwinckel he was responsible for most of King Christian IV's many ambitious building projects
1587 William Arnold (settler) one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and with his sons was among the wealthiest people in the colony. He was raised and educated in England where he was the warden of Mary's, the parish church of Ilchester in southeastern Somerset. In 1635, along with family and associates, he immigrated to New England, where he initially settled in Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but soon relocated to the new settlement of Providence with Roger Williams. He was one of the 13 original proprietors of Providence, appearing on the deed signed by Roger Williams in 1638, and was one of the twelve founding members of the first Baptist church to be established in America
1593 Abraham von Franckenberg a German mystic, author, poet and hymn-writer.
1607 Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer a member of the French Conseil d'État, which had been delegated special legal authorities by the absolutist reigning King Louis XIV.
1616 Ferdinand Bol a Dutch artist, etcher, and draftsman. Although his surviving work is rare, it displays Rembrandt's influence; like his master, Bol favored historical subjects, portraits, numerous self-portraits, and single figures in exotic finery
1619 Rijcklof van Goens the Governor of Zeylan and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. He was the Governor of Zeylan from 12 May 1660 to 1661, then in 1663 and finally from 19 November 1664 to 1675 during the Dutch period in Ceylon
1630 Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke of Newcastle an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1676, and then inherited the dukedom.
1663 Jean Baptiste Massillon Cong. Orat. , was a French Catholic bishop and famous preacher, who served as Bishop of Clermont from 1717 until his death
1664 François Pourfour du Petit a French anatomist, ophthalmologist and surgeon who was a native of Paris.
1685 Hans von Lehwaldt a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall who participated in the Silesian Wars of Frederick the Great.
1686 Domenico Montagnana an Italian master luthier based in Venice, Italy. He is regarded as one of the world's finest violin and cello makers of his time
1687 Johann Albrecht Bengel a Lutheran pietist clergyman and Greek-language scholar known for his edition of the Greek New Testament and his commentaries on it.
1694 Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui a Swiss legal and political theorist who popularised a number of ideas propounded by other thinkers.
1695 Martin van Meytens a Dutch-Swedish painter who painted members of the royal Court of Austria such as Marie Antoinette, Maria Theresa of Austria, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, the Emperor's family and others. His painting style has inspired many other painters to paint in a similar format
1704 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer Marquis d'Argens a French philosopher and writer.
1709 Théodore Tronchin a Swiss physician.
1740 Juan Ignacio Molina a Chilean Jesuit priest, naturalist, historian, botanist, ornithologist and geographer. He is usually referred to as Abate Molina , and is also sometimes known by the Italian form of his name, Giovanni Ignazio Molina
1741 Alexander Adam a Scottish teacher and writer on Roman antiquities.
1748 Jean Florimond Boudon de Saint-Amans a French naturalist and antiquarian. He was the author of works involving agriculture, botany and antiquities
1753 William Hull an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution, was Governor of Michigan Territory , and a general in the War of 1812, for which he is best remembered for surrendering Fort Detroit to the British on August 16, 1812
1755 Anacharsis Cloots a Prussian nobleman who was a significant figure in the French Revolution. He was nicknamed "orator of mankind", "citoyen de l’humanité" and "a personal enemy of God"
1767 Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès a French geographer, author and translator, best remembered in the English speaking world for his translation of German ghost stories Fantasmagoriana, published anonymously in 1812, which inspired Mary Shelley and John William Polidori to write Frankenstein and The Vampyre respectively. He was one of the founding members of the Société de Géographie, a member of the Société Asiatique, admitted to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, awarded the Legion of Honour, elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1841, and has a street named after him in Le Havre and a mountain near Humboldt Bay
1768 Lazare Hoche a French soldier who rose to be general of the Revolutionary army. He is best known for his defeat of Royalist forces in Brittany
1770 Gore Ouseley a British entrepreneur, linguist and diplomat. He was born in 1770 and died at Hall Barn Park, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire in 1844. He negotiated an important treaty between Russia and Persia in 1813 which redrew their common borders
1771 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont a French-American chemist and industrialist who founded the gunpowder manufacturer, I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. His descendants, the Du Pont family, were one of America's richest and most prominent families in the 19th and 20th centuries
1774 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo a French Army general and military engineer during the French Revolution and First Empire. Haxo became famous in the Siege of Antwerp in 1832. He is the nephew of revolution era General Nicolas Haxo of Étival-Clairefontaine and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in Lorraine, France