Died on June 24

803 Higbald of Lindisfarne Bishop of Lindisfarne from 780 until his death on 24 June 803. Powicke gives his death date as 25 May 802. Little is known about his life except that he was a regular communicator with Alcuin of York; it is in his letters to Alcuin that Higbald described in graphic detail the Viking raid on Lindisfarne on 8 January 793 in which many of his monks were killed
1106 Yan Vyshatich a Kievan nobleman and military commander. The last known representative of the Dobrynya dynasty, Yan Vyshatich was the son of Vyshata and grandson of Ostromir
1195 Albert I Margrave of Meissen the Margrave of Meissen from 1190 until his death in 1195. His father was Otto II, his mother Hedwig of Brandenburg. He was a member of the House of Wettin
1241 Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria English sometimes known as John Asen II, ruled as Emperor of Bulgaria from 1218 to 1241, during the Second Bulgarian Empire.
1253 Amadeus IV Count of Savoy Count of Savoy from 1233 to 1253.
1270 Maria Laskarina a daughter of Theodore I Laskaris and his first wife Anna Angelina.
1314 Gilbert de Clare 8th Earl of Gloucester an English nobleman and a military commander in the Scottish Wars. In contrast to most English earls at the time, his main focus lay in the pursuit of war rather than in domestic political strife. He was the son of Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward The older Gilbert died when his son was only four years old, and the younger Gilbert was invested with his earldoms at the young age of sixteen. Almost immediately, he became involved in the defence of the northern border, but later he was drawn into the struggles between Edward II and some of his barons. He was one of the Lords Ordainers who ordered the expulsion of the king's favourite Piers Gaveston in 1311. When Gaveston was killed on his return in 1312, Gloucester helped negotiate a settlement between the perpetrators and the king
1322 Matteo I Visconti the son of Teobaldo Visconti and Anastasia Pirovano.
1360 Ismail II Sultan of Granada the second son of Yusuf I and the ninth Nasrid ruler of the Moorish Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula. He reigned from August 1359 until June 1360
1398 Hongwu Emperor the founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. His era name Hongwu means "vastly martial."
1407 Theodore I Palaiologos despot in the Morea from 1383 until his death on June 24, 1407. He was the youngest surviving son of the Byzantine Emperor John V Palaiologos and his wife Helena Kantakouzene. His maternal grandfather was former Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos. His older brothers were Emperor Andronikos IV Palaiologos and Manuel II Palaiologos
1439 Frederick IV Duke of Austria the Habsburg duke of Further Austria from 1402, and Count of Tyrol from 1406, until his death. He was the younger son of Leopold III, Duke of Inner Austria
1519 Lucrezia Borgia the daughter of Pope Alexander VI and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Her brothers included Cesare Borgia, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia
1520 Hosokawa Sumimoto a samurai commander in the Muromachi period during the 16th century of Japan.
1523 An-Nasir al-Hasan an imam of the Zaidi state in Yemen, who exerted a limited authority in the northern Yemeni highland in 1495-1523.
1556 Joan of Valois (1556) the twin sister of Victoria of Valois, the last child born to King Henry II of France and his wife, Catherine de' Medici.
1563 Yuri of Uglich Prince of Uglich, and the second son of Vasily III of Russia and Elena Glinskaya, as well as being the younger brother of Ivan the Terrible. He was born deaf mute, and was thus never considered to be a candidate as heir to the Russian throne
1564 Rani Durgavati born in the family of famous Rajput Chandel Emperor Keerat Rai. She was born at the fort of Kalanjar. Chandel Dynasty is famous in the Indian history for the defense of king Vidyadhar who repulsed the attacks of Mahmud Ghaznavi. Her love for sculptures is shown in the world famed temples of Khajuraho and Kalanjar fort. Rani Durgavati maravi's achievements further enhanced the glory of her ancestral tradition of courage and patronage of arts
1601 Henriette of Cleves a French noblewoman and heiress of the Cleves-Nevers family. She was also known as Henriette de La Marck. She became the "suo jure" 4th Duchess of Nevers and the "suo jure" Countess of Rethel, upon the childless death of her brother, James of Cleves, Duke of Nevers and Count of Rethel, in 1564. She was the wife of Louis I Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers, 1st Duke of Rethel, and Prince of Mantua. Following her marriage she became the Duchess of Rethel and Princess of Mantua
1604 Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford an English peer and courtier of the Elizabethan era. Oxford was heir to the second oldest earldom in the kingdom, a court favourite for a time, a sought-after patron of the arts, and noted by his contemporaries as a lyric poet and playwright, but his reckless and volatile temperament precluded him from attaining any courtly or governmental responsibility and contributed to the dissipation of his estate. Since the 1920s he has been the most popular alternative candidate proposed for the authorship of Shakespeare's works
1637 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc a French astronomer, antiquary and savant, who maintained a wide correspondence with scientists, and was a successful organizer of scientific inquiry. His research included a determination of the difference in longitude of various locations in Europe, around the Mediterranean, and in North Africa
1683 Nicholas van Hoorn a merchant sailor, privateer and pirate. He was born in the Netherlands and died near Veracruz after being wounded on the Isla de Sacrificios. Nikolaas or Klaas was engaged in the Dutch merchant service from about 1655 until 1659, and then bought a vessel with his savings. With a band of reckless men whom he had enlisted, he became a terror to the commerce of the Netherlands and Spain. Later he had several ships in his employment and obtained such notoriety that some governments were willing to employ him against their enemies
1712 Simon van der Stel the last Commander and first Governor of the Cape Colony, the Dutch settlement at the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa.
1718 Louis Frederick I Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt the ruling prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Rudolstadt, Blankenburg and Sondershausen from 1710 until his death.
1724 Johann Theile a German composer of the Baroque era, famous for the opera Adam und Eva, Der erschaffene, gefallene und aufgerichtete Mensch, first performed in Hamburg on 2 January 1678.
1756 Olof Celsius a Swedish botanist, philologist and clergyman, He was a professor at Uppsala University, Sweden. Celsius was a mentor of the botanist and scientist Carolus Linnaeus. Celsius wrote his most famous book on biblical plants, Hierobotanicos, in 1745-47
1766 Adrien Maurice de Noailles a French aristocrat and soldier.
1768 Johann Julius Hecker a German educator who established the first Realschule and Prussia's first teacher-education institution.
1768 Marie Leszczyńska a queen consort of France. She was a daughter of King Stanisław I of Poland and Catherine Opalińska. She married King Louis XV of France and was the grandmother of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII, and Charles She was the longest-serving queen consort of France
1778 Pieter Burman the Younger a Dutch philologist, born at Amsterdam.
1795 William Smellie (encyclopedist) a Scottish master printer, naturalist, antiquary, editor and encyclopedist. He was friends with Robert Burns, whose assessment is engraved on Smellie's tombstone: "Here lies a man who did honour to human nature". Burns also described him fondly in a letter as "that old Veteran in Genius, Wit and Bawdry"
1798 Maria Christina Duchess of Teschen the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. She was an older sister of Marie Antoinette
1798 Rigas Feraios a Greek writer, political thinker and revolutionary, active in the Modern Greek Enlightenment, remembered as a Greek national hero, a victim of the Balkan uprising against the Ottoman Empire and a forerunner of the Greek War of Independence.
1803 Matthew Thornton a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire.
1816 Constantine Ypsilantis the son of Alexander Ypsilanti, a key member of an important Phanariote family, Grand dragoman of the Porte , hospodar of Moldavia and Walachia , and a Prince through marriage to the daughter of Alexandru Callimachi.
1817 Thomas McKean an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphia. During the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress where he signed the United States Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation. McKean served as a President of Congress. He was at various times a member of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties. McKean served as President of Delaware, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania, and Governor of Pennsylvania
1818 Alexander Kurakin a Russian statesman and diplomat, a member of the State Council , who was ranked Actual Privy Counsellor 1st Class.
1819 Osip Kozodavlev a Russian statesman, politician and Minister of the Interior from March 31 of 1810 to June 24 of 1819.
1829 Louis Friant born in the village of Morlancourt, 8 km south of Albert near the river Somme. The village would later suffer the misfortune of lying along the Western Front trench-lines of World War I
1832 Timofei Fedorovic Osipovsky a Russian mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and philosopher. Timofei Osipovsky graduated from the St Petersburg Teachers Seminary
1835 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis an admiral and politician who commanded Greek naval forces during the Greek War of Independence.
1835 Tomás de Zumalacárregui a Basque Carlist general.
1843 Johann Friedrich Kind a German dramatist, most famous for writing the libretto for Carl Maria von Weber's opera Der Freischütz.
1860 Jérôme Bonaparte the youngest brother of Napoleon I and served as Jerome I, King of Westphalia between 1807 and 1813. After 1848, when his nephew, Louis Napoleon, became President of the second French Republic, he served in several official roles, being created first Prince of Montfort
1870 Adam Lindsay Gordon an Australian poet, jockey and politician.
1875 Henri Labrouste a French architect from the famous École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture. After a six-year stay in Rome, Labrouste opened an architectural training workshop, which quickly became the center of the rationalist view. He became noted for his use of iron-frame construction and was one of the first to realize the importance of its use
1879 Franz Xaver Chwatal a Bohemian pianist, composer and music teacher.
1880 Jules Antoine Lissajous a French mathematician, after whom Lissajous figures are named. Among other innovations, Lissajous invented the Lissajous apparatus, a device that creates the figures that bear his name. In it, a beam of light is bounced off a mirror attached to a vibrating tuning fork, and then reflected off a second mirror attached to a perpendicularly oriented vibrating tuning fork , onto a wall, resulting in a Lissajous figure. This led to the invention of other apparatus such as the harmonograph
1887 Filippo Filippi an Italian music critic. He wrote for the Milanese music magazine La perseveranza, and was an admirer of and frequent correspondent with Giuseppe Verdi
1887 Eduard Baltzer the founder of the first German vegetarian society.