June 24 events in history

109 Roman emperor Trajan inaugurates the Aqua Traiana, an aqueduct that channels water from Lake Bracciano, 40 kilometres (25 miles) north-west of Rome
474 Julius Nepos forces Roman usurper Glycerius to abdicate the throne and proclaims himself Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
637 The Battle of Moira is fought between the High King of Ireland and the Kings of Ulster and Dalriada. It is claimed to be the largest battle in the history of Ireland
972 Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces, takes place
1128 Battle of São Mamede, near Guimarães: forces led by Alfonso I defeat forces led by his mother Teresa of León and her lover Fernando Pérez de Traba. After this battle, the future king calls himself "Prince of Portugal", the first step towards "official independence" that will be reached in 1139 after the Battle of Ourique
1230 The Siege of Jaén started in the context of the Spanish Reconquista
1314 First War of Scottish Independence: the Battle of Bannockburn concludes with a decisive victory by Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce, though England did not recognize Scottish independence until 1328 with the signing of the Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton
1340 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Sluys – The French fleet is almost completely destroyed by the English Fleet commanded in person by King Edward III
1374 A sudden outbreak of St. John's Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion
1497 John Cabot lands in North America at Newfoundland leading the first European exploration of the region since the Vikings
1509 Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon are crowned King and Queen of England
1535 The Anabaptist state of Münster is conquered and disbanded
1571 Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founds Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines
1597 The first Dutch voyage to the East Indies reaches Bantam (on Java)
1604 Samuel de Champlain discovers the mouth of the Saint John River, site of Reversing Falls and the present day city of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
1622 Battle of Macau: The Dutch attempt but fail to capture Macau
1717 The Premier Grand Lodge of England, the first Masonic Grand Lodge in the world (now the United Grand Lodge of England), is founded in London, England
1779 American Revolutionary War: The Great Siege of Gibraltar begins
1793 The first Republican constitution in France is adopted
1812 Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon's Grande Armée crosses the Neman River beginning the invasion of Russia
1813 Battle of Beaver Dams: a British and Indian combined force defeats the United States Army
1821 The Battle of Carabobo takes place. It is the decisive battle in the war of independence of Venezuela from Spain
1859 Battle of Solferino (Battle of the Three Sovereigns): Sardinia and France defeat Austria in Solferino, northern Italy
1866 Battle of Custoza: an Austrian army defeats the Italian army during the Austro-Prussian War
1880 First performance of O Canada, the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français
1894 Marie Francois Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio
1902 King Edward VII of the United Kingdom develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation
1913 Greece and Serbia annul their alliance with Bulgaria
1916 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract
1916 World War I: the Battle of the Somme begins with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line
1918 First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto
1932 A bloodless Revolution instigated by the People's Party ends the absolute power of King Prajadhipok of Siam (now Thailand)
1938 Pieces of a meteor, estimated to have weighed 450 metric tons when it hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded, land near Chicora, Pennsylvania
1939 Siam is renamed Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country's third prime minister
1940 World War II: Operation Collar, the first British Commando raid on occupied France, by No 11 Independent Company
1947 Kenneth Arnold makes the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington
1948 Start of the Berlin Blockade: the Soviet Union makes overland travel between West Germany and West Berlin impossible
1949 The first television western, Hopalong Cassidy, is aired on NBC starring William Boyd
1954 First Indochina War: Battle of Mang Yang Pass — Vietminh troops belonging to the 803rd Regiment ambush G.M. 100 of France in An Khê
1957 In Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment
1963 The United Kingdom grants Zanzibar internal self-government
1973 The UpStairs Lounge arson attack took place on June 24, 1973 at a gay bar located on the second floor of the three-story building at 141 Chartres Street in the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana. Thirty-two people died as a result of fire or smoke inhalation
1981 The Humber Bridge is opens to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world's longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years
1982 "The Jakarta Incident": British Airways Flight 9 flies into a cloud of volcanic ash thrown up by the eruption of Mount Galunggung, resulting in the failure of all four engines
1989 Jiang Zemin succeeds Zhao Ziyang to become the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China after 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests
1995 "Rugby World Cup final": South Africa defeats New Zealand, Nelson Mandela presents Francois Pienaar with the Webb-Ellis trophy in an iconic post-apartheid moment
2004 In New York, capital punishment is declared unconstitutional
2010 John Isner of the United States defeats Nicolas Mahut of France at Wimbledon, in the longest match in professional tennis history
2010 Julia Gillard assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia
2012 Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, dies