Born on June 25

841 Ricwin of Nantes the Count of Nantes from 831 to 841. A Rihwinus comes witnessed the will of Charlemagne in 811
891 Sunderolt the Archbishop of Mainz from 889 until his death.
1109 Afonso I of Portugal the first King of Portugal. He achieved the independence of the southern part of the Kingdom of Galicia, the County of Portugal, from Galicia's overlord, the King of León, in 1139, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death, in 1185, after forty-six years of wars against the Moors
1242 Beatrice of England a Princess of England as the daughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence. Her siblings were Edward I of England, Margaret, Queen of Scotland, Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster, Richard of England, John of England, Katherine of England, William of England, and Henry of England. She and her family were members of the Royal house of Plantagenet, which first ruled in the 12th century and was founded by Henry II of England
1328 William de Montacute 2nd Earl of Salisbury an English nobleman and commander in the English army during King Edward III's French campaigns in the Hundred Years War.
1373 Joanna II of Naples Queen of Naples from 1414 to her death, upon which the senior Angevin line of Naples became extinct. As a mere formality, she used the title of Queen of Jerusalem, Sicily, and Hungary
1441 Federico I Gonzaga Marquess of Mantua marquess of Mantua from 1478 to 1484, as well as a condottiero.
1507 Marie of Baden-Sponheim a German noblewoman and duchess of Bavaria.
1560 Wilhelm Fabry the first educated and scientific German surgeon. He is one of the most prominent scholars in the iatromechanics school and author of 20 medical books. His Observationum et Curationum Chirurgicarum Centuriae, published posthumously in 1641, is the best collection of case records of the century and gives clear insight into the variety and methods of his surgical practice
1560 Juan Sánchez Cotán a Spanish Baroque painter, a pioneer of realism in Spain. His still lifes—also called bodegones—were painted in an austere style, especially when compared to similar works in Netherlands and Italy
1568 Gunilla Bielke Queen of Sweden as the second spouse King John III. Queen Gunilla is acknowledged to have acted as the political adviser to John III and to have influenced his religious policies in favor of Protestantism
1612 John Albert Vasa a Polish cardinal, and a Prince-Bishop of Warmia and Kraków. He was the son of Swedish and Polish King Sigismund III Vasa and Austrian archduchess Constance of Austria
1637 Christophe Veyrier a French sculptor, the nephew and follower of Pierre Puget.
1709 Francesco Araja an Italian composer who spent 25 years in Russia and wrote at least 14 operas for the Russian Imperial Court including Tsefal i Prokris, the first opera in Russian.
1728 Shah Alam II the son of the murdered Alamgir He escaped to Allahabad in December 1759 and later successfully defended the throne from the traitorous Imad-ul-Mulk, who appointed Shah Jahan III as the emperor. Later, he was nominated as the emperor by Ahmad Shah Durrani after the Third Battle of Panipat
1755 Natalia Alexeievna of Russia the first wife of the future Tsar Paul I of Russia, the only son of the Empress Catherine She was born as Princess Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt in Prenzlau, Uckermark, Brandenburg, Prussia as the fifth child of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt and his spouse Caroline of Zweibrücken, Countess Palatine.
1769 Frederick Ferdinand Duke of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince, Ascanian ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Pless and, from 1818, of the duchy of Anhalt-Köthen. He was the second son of Frederick Erdmann, Prince of Anhalt-Pless, and his wife, Louise Ferdinande, daughter of Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode
1794 Princess Ida of Saxe-Meiningen a German princess. She was the second child and first daughter of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Her sister Adelaide was the wife of the future William IV of the United Kingdom and Ida herself was one of the godparents of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
1799 David Douglas a Scottish botanist. He was born to John Douglas, a stonemason, and Jean Drummond. He worked as a gardener, and explored the Scottish Highlands, North America, and Hawaii, where he died
1814 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée a French geologist.
1819 Alessandro Franchi an Italian cardinal.
1820 Pōmare III the king of Tahiti between 1821 and 1827. He was the second son of King Pōmare II and his wife Queen Teriʻitoʻoterai Teremoemoe. Sources differ on his relation to his sister with missionary sources citing them as half-siblings while later sources cited Teremoemoe as both of their mother
1826 Émile Acollas a French professor of jurisprudence born in La Châtre, Indre and educated in Bourges and Paris.
1837 Charles Yerkes an American financier, born in Philadelphia. He played a major part in developing mass-transit systems in Chicago and London
1842 Heinrich Seidel a German engineer, poet and writer.
1842 Eloy Alfaro José Eloy Alfaro Delgado served as President of Ecuador from 1895 to 1901 and from 1906 to 1911. He became one of the strongest opponents of pro-Catholic conservative President Gabriel Garcia Moreno. For his central role in the Liberal Revolution of 1895 and for having fought conservatism for almost 30 years, he is known as the Viejo Luchador
1846 Carol Schmidt a Moldovan politician. He served as mayor of Chișinău. He is considered one of the best mayors Chișinău ever had
1852 Antoni Gaudí a Spanish Catalan architect from Reus and the best known practitioner of Catalan Modernism. Gaudí's works reflect an individualized and distinctive style. Most are located in Barcelona, including his magnum opus, the Sagrada Família
1855 William Alexander Forbes an English zoologist. He was the son of James Staats Forbes
1858 Georges Courteline a French dramatist and novelist, a satirist notable for his cynical humor.
1860 Pietro Biginelli an Italian chemist, who discovered a three-component reaction between urea, acetoacetic ester and aldehydes. He also was studying various aspects of sanitation chemistry and chemical products' quality control
1860 Gustave Charpentier a French composer, best known for his opera Louise.
1863 Émile Francqui a Belgian soldier, diplomat, business man and philanthropist.
1864 Frederick Stanley Maude a British commander, most famous for his efforts in Mesopotamia during World War I and for conquering Baghdad in 1917.
1864 Walther Nernst known for his theories behind the calculation of chemical affinity as embodied in the third law of thermodynamics, for which he won the 1920 Nobel Prize in chemistry. Nernst helped establish the modern field of physical chemistry and contributed to electrochemistry, thermodynamics and solid state physics. He is also known for developing the Nernst equation
1866 Ralph Allen Sampson an Irish-British astronomer.
1870 Robert Erskine Childers the author of the influential novel The Riddle of the Sands and an Irish nationalist who smuggled guns to Ireland in his sailing yacht Asgard. He was executed by the authorities of the nascent Irish Free State during the Irish Civil War. He was the son of British Orientalist scholar Robert Caesar Childers; the cousin of Hugh Childers and Robert Barton; and the father of the fourth President of Ireland, Erskine Hamilton Childers
1878 Marie Elisabeth Lüders a German politician and one of the most important figures in the German women's rights movement.
1880 Charles Huntziger a French Army general during World War I and World War II.
1881 Robert Vansittart 1st Baron Vansittart a senior British diplomat in the period before and during the Second World War. He was Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister from 1928 to 1930 and Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office from 1930 to 1938 and later served as Chief Diplomatic Adviser to the British Government. He is best remembered for his opposition to Appeasement and his hardline stance towards Germany during and after the Second World War. Vansittart was also a published poet, novelist, and playwright
1882 Zigmas Angarietis a Lithuanian communist, Russian revolutionary, one of the leaders of the Communist Party of Lithuania. He was one of the main people behind the short-lived Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic and Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. Angarietis was arrested in 1938 during the Great Purge and executed two years later. During his lifetime he wrote over a hundred Marxist–Leninist works
1882 Leon Orbeli an Armenian physiologist active in the Russian SFSR. He was a member of the Academies of Science of USSR and Armenian SSR. Levon Orbeli became director of the Institute of Physiology in 1950
1884 Amina Hanum Syrtlanoff public figure, sister of mercy, theosophist, mason.
1884 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler a German-born art historian, art collector, and one of the premier French art dealers of the 20th century. He became prominent as an art gallery owner in Paris beginning in 1907 and he was among the first champions of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque and Cubism
1884 Empress Teimei empress consort of Emperor Taishō of Japan. Born Sadako Kujō , she was the mother of Emperor Shōwa. Her posthumous name, Teimei, means "enlightened constancy"
1884 John Burn (rower) an English doctor and rower who competed for Great Britain in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
1884 Guilherme Paraense a Brazilian sport shooter and Olympic Champion. He was the first Brazilian ever to win an Olympic gold medal
1884 Géza Gyóni a Hungarian poet under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He died in a Russian prisoner of war camp during the First World War
1885 John Storrs an American modernist sculptor.
1886 Henry H. Arnold an American general officer holding the grades of General of the Army and General of the Air Force. Arnold was an aviation pioneer, Chief of the Air Corps , Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II, the only Air Force general to hold five-star rank, and the only person to hold a five-star rank in two different U.S. military services. Arnold was also the founder of Project RAND, which evolved into one of the world's largest non-profit global policy think tanks, the RAND Corporation, and one of the founders of Pan American World Airways