Born on June 26

12 Agrippa Postumus a son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. His maternal grandparents were Roman Emperor Augustus and his second wife Scribonia
719 Yang Guifei known as one of the Four Beauties of ancient China. She was the beloved consort of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang during his later years
1501 Cho Shik a Korean Joseon Dynasty Neo-Confucian scholar, educator, and poet. He had a major influence on the Easterners and the Northerners
1575 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg queen-consort of Denmark and Norway from 1597 to 1612 as the first spouse of King Christian IV of Denmark.
1580 Gaspar de Borja y Velasco a Spanish cardinal, ecclesiastic and politician. He belonged to the house of Borgia and served as Primate of Spain, Archbishop of Seville, Archbishop of Toledo and viceroy of Naples
1581 Peter Claver a Spanish Jesuit priest and missionary born in Verdú who, due to his life and work, became the patron saint of slaves, the Republic of Colombia and ministry to African Americans. During the 40 years of his ministry in Colombia it is estimated he personally baptized around 300,000 people. He is also patron saint for seafarers
1582 Johannes Schultz (composer) a German composer.
1674 Armand Gaston Maximilien de Rohan a French churchman and politician. He became bishop of Strasbourg in 1704, Cardinal in 1712 then Grand Almoner of France in 1713 and member of the regency council in 1722
1681 Hedvig Sophia of Sweden a Swedish princess and a Duchess Consort of Holstein-Gottorp, the eldest child of King Charles XI of Sweden, and his spouse Queen Ulrica Eleanor. She was heir presumptive to the Swedish throne until her death and the regent of the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp for her minor son from 1702 to 1708. Some sources refer to her as Sofia
1689 Edward Holyoke an early American clergyman, and the 9th President of Harvard College.
1694 Georg Brandt a Swedish chemist and mineralogist who discovered cobalt. He was the first person to discover a metal unknown in ancient times
1699 Marie Thérèse Rodet Geoffrin has been referred to as one of the leading female figures in the French Enlightenment. From 1750–1777, Madame Geoffrin played host to many of the most influential Philosophes and Encyclopédistes of her time. Her association with several prominent dignitaries and public figures from across Europe has earned Madame Geoffrin international recognition. Her patronage and dedication to both the philosophical Men of Letters and talented artists that frequented her house is emblematic of her role as guide and protector. In her salon on the rue Saint-Honoré, Madame Geoffrin demonstrated qualities of politeness and civility that helped stimulate and regulate intellectual discussion. Her actions as a Parisian salonnière exemplify many of the most important characteristics of Enlightenment sociability
1702 Philip Doddridge an English Nonconformist leader, educator, and hymnwriter.
1703 Thomas Clap an American academic and educator, a Congregational Minister, and college administrator. He was both the fifth rector and the earliest to be called "president" of Yale College
1726 Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia King of Sardinia from 1773 until his death. Although he was politically conservative, he carried out numerous administrative reforms until declaring war on revolutionary France in 1792. He was the father of the last three mainline Kings of Sardinia
1730 Charles Messier a French astronomer most notable for publishing an astronomical catalogue consisting of nebulae and star clusters that came to be known as the 110 "Messier objects". The purpose of the catalogue was to help astronomical observers, in particular comet hunters such as himself, distinguish between permanent and transient visually diffuse objects in the sky
1744 Semyon Vorontsov a Russian diplomat from the aristocratic Russian Vorontsov family, whose siblings included Alexander Vorontsov, Elizaveta Vorontsova and Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova.
1746 Jean-Sifrein Maury a French cardinal, archbishop, and bishop of Montefiascone.
1747 Leopold Kozeluch a Czech composer and teacher of classical music. He was born in the town of Velvary, in Bohemia
1753 Antoine de Rivarol a Royalist French writer during the Revolutionary era.
1758 Christian Gottlieb Reichard a German cartographer born in Schleiz, Thuringia. He studied law in Leipzig and subsequently became a city official in Bad Lobenstein
1760 Johann I Joseph Prince of Liechtenstein Prince of Liechtenstein between 1805 and 1806 and again from 1814 until 1836. He was the last Liechtenstein prince to rule under the Holy Roman Empire between 1805 and 1806 and as regent of Liechtenstein from 1806 until 1814. He was the fourth son of Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein
1763 George Morland an English painter of animals and rustic scenes.
1764 Jan Paweł Łuszczewski a Polish politician who was an envoy to the Four-Year Sejm and later the Minister for Interior and Religious Affairs in the Duchy of Warsaw from 5 October 1807 until his death. He was also a Mason
1769 Jean Dominique Compans a French Divisional General from 1811 and a participant of Napoleonic Wars.
1778 Mariya Svistunova a lady-in-waiting at the Russian Court and a convert to Roman Catholicism. She was the daughter of writer Aleksei Andreevich Rzhevsky and Glafira Ivanovna Rzhevskaya. She married Nikolai Petrovich Svistunov and they had two sons and four daughters
1782 Peter Paul Dobree born in Guernsey.
1786 Sunthorn Phu Thailand’s best-known royal poet. He authored during the Rattanakosin era
1788 Carl Christian Vogel von Vogelstein a German painter.
1792 Christian Albrecht Jensen a Danish portrait painter who was active during the Golden Age of Danish Painting in the first half of the 19th century. Painting more than 400 portraits over the course of his career, he depicted most of the leading figures of the Danish Golden Age, including the writer Hans Christian Andersen, the painter Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, the sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen, the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted and the theologian F. Grundtvig
1796 Jan Paweł Lelewel a Polish painter and engineer.
1797 Imam Shamil an Avar political and religious leader of the Muslim tribes of the Northern Caucasus. He was a leader of anti-Russian resistance in the Caucasian War and was the third Imam of the Caucasian Imamate
1798 Wolfgang Menzel born at Waldenburg in Silesia.
1807 Charles Tompson claimed he was the first published Australian-born poet.
1809 Petrus Borel a French writer of the Romantic movement.
1817 Bertrando Spaventa a leading Italian philosopher of the 19th century whose ideas had an important influence on the changes that took place during the unification of Italy and on philosophical thought in the 20th century.
1817 Branwell Brontë a painter, a writer and a poet, the only son of the Brontë family, and the brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne.
1819 Abner Doubleday a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in the early fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg. Gettysburg was his finest hour, but his relief by Maj. Gen. George Meade caused lasting enmity between the two men. In San Francisco, after the war, he obtained a patent on the cable car railway that still runs there. In his final years in New Jersey, he was a prominent member and later president of the Theosophical Society. Doubleday is often mistakenly credited with inventing baseball
1821 Adolf Jellinek an Austrian rabbi and scholar. After filling clerical posts in Leipzig , he became a preacher at the Leopoldstädter Tempel in Vienna in 1856
1821 Bartolomé Mitre an Argentine statesman, military figure, and author. He was the President of Argentina from 1862 to 1868
1824 William Thomson 1st Baron Kelvin a British mathematical physicist and engineer who was born in Belfast in 1824. At the University of Glasgow he did important work in the mathematical analysis of electricity and formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and did much to unify the emerging discipline of physics in its modern form. He worked closely with mathematics professor Hugh Blackburn in his work. He also had a career as an electric telegraph engineer and inventor, which propelled him into the public eye and ensured his wealth, fame and honour. For his work on the transatlantic telegraph project he was knighted by Queen Victoria, becoming Sir William Thomson. He had extensive maritime interests and was most noted for his work on the mariner's compass, which had previously been limited in reliability
1825 Benjamin Brierley an English weaver and writer in Lancashire dialect.
1826 Adolf Bastian a 19th-century polymath best remembered for his contributions to the development of ethnography and the development of anthropology as a discipline. Modern psychology owes him a great debt, because of his theory of the Elementargedanke, which led to Carl Jung's development of the theory of archetypes. His ideas had a formative influence on the "father of American anthropology" Franz Boas, and he also influenced the thought of comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell
1827 Amédée Courbet a French admiral who won a series of important land and naval victories during the Tonkin campaign and the Sino-French War.
1835 Thomas W. Knox a journalist, author, and world traveler, known primarily for his work as a New York Herald correspondent during the American Civil War. As an author, Knox wrote over 45 books, including a popular series of travel adventure books for boys
1837 Ernest Guiraud a French composer and music teacher born in New Orleans, Louisiana. He is best known for writing the traditional orchestral recitatives used for Bizet's opera Carmen and for Offenbach's opera Les contes d'Hoffmann
1839 Mikhail Botkin a Russian painter, engraver, art collector, archaeologist and philanthropist. Vasily Botkin, the writer, and Sergey Botkin, the physician, were his brothers
1839 Sam Watkins an American author and humorist. He is best known for his memoir of life as a soldier in the Confederate army, called Aytch or A Side Show of the Big Show
1841 William Johnson Stone an US Representative from Kentucky.
1841 Paul Wallot a German architect of Huguenot descent, best known for designing the Reichstag building in Berlin, erected between 1884 and 1894. He also built the adjacent Palace of the President of the Reichstag, finished in 1904, and the former Saxon Ständehaus state diet building of 1906 at Brühl's Terrace in Dresden