Died on June 26

116 Ptolemy VIII Physcon a king of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.
363 Julian (emperor) Roman Emperor from 361 to 363 and a noted philosopher and Greek writer.
822 Saichō a Japanese Buddhist monk credited with founding the Tendai school in Japan, based around the Chinese Tiantai tradition he was exposed to during his trip to China beginning in 804. He founded the temple and headquarters of Tendai at Enryaku-ji on Hiei near Kyoto. He is also said to have been the first to bring tea to Japan. After his death, he was awarded the posthumous title of Dengyō Daishi
985 Ramiro III of León the son of Sancho the Fat and his successor at the age of only five.
1043 Gonzalo of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza ruler of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza, two small Pyrenean counties which he was granted by his father, King Sancho III of Navarre. His unsuccessful reign ended in his assassination by one of his own knights
1090 Jaromír (Bishop of Prague) the Bishop of Prague from 1068, when he was appointed by his brother, Vratislaus II of Bohemia. The two were both sons of Duke Bretislaus I of Bohemia
1242 Thomas de Beaumont 6th Earl of Warwick the son of Henry de Beaumont, 5th Earl of Warwick and Margaret D'Oili. He was also known as Henry de Thomas
1265 Anne of Bohemia Duchess of Silesia the Duchess consort of Silesia ; she was the daughter of Ottokar I, King of Bohemia, and his second wife, Constance of Hungary. Her maternal grandparents were Béla III of Hungary and his first wife, Agnes of Antioch
1402 Giovanni I Bentivoglio the first ruler of Bologna from the Bentivoglio family, who rose to power among the faction-conflicts within the commune of Bologna. He ruled in 1401–02
1430 Louis I Duke of Bar a French bishop of the 15th century.
1439 Archibald Douglas 5th Earl of Douglas a Scottish nobleman and General during the Hundred Years' War.
1541 Francisco Pizarro a Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire.
1553 Tsarevich Dmitry Ivanovich of Russia (1552–1553) the first Tsarevich or Tsesarevich - the heir apparent - of the Tsardom of Russia, as the eldest son of Ivan the Terrible, or Ivan IV of Russia and his first Tsaritsa, Anastasia Romanovna. He was the third child and first son of the couple and died in infancy, leaving his younger brother, Ivan Ivanovich, heir
1574 Gabriel comte de Montgomery a captain in Henry II's Scots Guards. He is remembered for mortally injuring Henry in a jousting accident and subsequently converting to Protestantism, the faith that the Scottish Guard sought to suppress
1612 Roger Manners 5th Earl of Rutland the eldest surviving son of John Manners, 4th Earl of Rutland and his wife, Elizabeth nee Charleton. He travelled across Europe, took part in military campaigns led by Essex, and was a participant of Essex's rebellion against Queen Elizabeth He was favoured by James I, and honoured by his contemporaries as a man of great intelligence and talent. He enjoyed the friendship of some of the most prominent writers and artists of the Elizabethan-Jacobean age. In 1603 he led an Embassy to Denmark, homeland of James' Queen Anne of Denmark
1634 Nikolaus Ager a French physician and botanist born in Alsace. He was the author of the treatise "De Anima Vegetativa"
1655 Margaret of Savoy Vicereine of Portugal the last Spanish Vicereine of Portugal. In Portuguese she is known as Duquesa de Mântua, being by marriage the Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat
1659 García Sarmiento de Sotomayor 2nd Count of Salvatierra a Spanish viceroy of New Spain and of Peru.
1688 Ralph Cudworth an English philosopher, the leader of the Cambridge Platonists.
1757 Maximilian Ulysses Browne an Austrian military leader during the middle of the 18th century, and a scion of the Irish "Wild Geese".
1778 Therese of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German noblewoman. She was a member of the House of Welf and was princess-abbess of the Imperial Free secular Abbey in Gandersheim
1784 Caesar Rodney an American lawyer and politician from Jones Neck in Dover Hundred, Kent County, Delaware, east of Dover. He was an officer of the Delaware militia during the French and Indian War and the American Revolution, a Continental Congressman from Delaware, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and President of Delaware during most of the American Revolution
1785 Johann Gerhard König a Baltic German botanist and physician. He was born near Kreutzburg in Polish Livonia, which is now Krustpils in Latvia. He was a private pupil of Carolus Linnaeus in 1757, and lived in Denmark from 1759 to 1767. From 1773 to 1785, he worked as a naturalist for the Nawab of Arcot in India. He was in Tharangambadi with the Danish trade mission from 1773 to 1785
1789 Semyon Desnitsky a disciple of Adam Smith who introduced his ideas to the Russian public. He was also the first academic to deliver his lectures in Russian language rather than in Latin
1793 Gilbert White a "parson-naturalist", a pioneering English naturalist and ornithologist. He remained unmarried and a curate all his life. He is best known for his Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne
1793 Karl Philipp Moritz a German author, editor and essayist of the Sturm und Drang, late enlightenment, and classicist periods, influencing early German Romanticism as well. He led a life as a hatter's apprentice, teacher, journalist, literary critic, professor of art and linguistics, and member of both of Berlin's academies
1795 Johannes Jährig a German Mongolist and translator of Tibetan and Mongolian texts.
1796 David Rittenhouse a renowned American astronomer, inventor, clockmaker, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman and public official. Rittenhouse was a member of the American Philosophical Society and the first director of the United States Mint
1808 Ludwik Tyszkiewicz a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and Field Lithuanian Hetman from 1780 to 1791, Great Lithuanian Treasurer from 1791, Great Lithuanian Marshal from 1793. Member of the Targowica Confederation
1810 Montgolfier brothers Joseph-Michel Montgolfier and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier were the inventors of the Montgolfière-style hot air balloon, globe aérostatique. The brothers succeeded in launching the first manned ascent, carrying Étienne into the sky. Later, in December 1783, in recognition of their achievement, their father Pierre was elevated to the nobility and the hereditary appellation of de Montgolfier by King Louis XVI of France
1813 Jean-François Cailhava de L'Estandoux a French dramatist, poet and critic.
1814 Dominique Villars an 18th-century French botanist.
1826 Pierre-Édouard Lémontey a French lawyer, politician, scholar and historian.
1827 Samuel Crompton an English inventor and pioneer of the spinning industry. Building on the work of James Hargreaves and Richard Arkwright he invented the spinning mule, a machine that revolutionised the industry worldwide
1830 George IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness
1831 Murray Maxwell a British Royal Navy officer who served with distinction in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, particularly during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Maxwell first gained recognition as one of the British captains involved in the successful Adriatic campaign of 1807–1814, during which he was responsible for the destruction of a French armaments convoy at the Action of 29 November 1811. As a result of further success in the Mediterranean, Maxwell was given increasingly important commissions and, despite the loss of his ship HMS Daedalus off Ceylon in 1813, was appointed to escort the British Ambassador to China in 1816
1834 Gilbert Blane a Scottish physician who instituted health reform in the Royal Navy.
1836 Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars. He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin in 1792, which would later be known as La Marseillaise and become the French national anthem
1842 Peter Oluf Brøndsted Danish archaeologist and traveller.
1848 Stevenson Archer (1786–1848) a United States Representative from Maryland, representing the sixth district from 1811 to 1817, and the seventh district from 1819 to 1821. His son Stevenson Archer and father John Archer were also U.S. Congressmen from Maryland
1854 Johan Gustaf Sandberg a Swedish painter from Stockholm. He was foremost a history painter and used settings from Norse mythology and Swedish history. His most widely known work in this area are his frescoes in Uppsala Cathedral that depict the Swedish king Gustav Vasa. In addition to his history paintings, Sandberg painted a number of portraits
1856 Max Stirner a German philosopher. He is often seen as one of the forerunners of nihilism, existentialism, postmodernism, and anarchism, especially of individualist anarchism. Stirner's main work is The Ego and Its Own, also known as The Ego and His Own. This work was first published in 1845 in Leipzig, and has since appeared in numerous editions and translations
1861 Pavel Jozef Šafárik a Slovak philologist, poet, one of the first scientific Slavists; literary historian, historian and ethnographer.
1862 Matthias Numsen Blytt a Norwegian botanist.
1863 Andrew Hull Foote an American naval officer who was noted for his service in the American Civil War and also for his contributions to several naval reforms in the years prior to the war. When the war came, he was appointed to command of the Western Gunboat Flotilla, predecessor of the Mississippi River Squadron. In that position, he led the gunboats in the Battle of Fort Henry. For his services with the Western Gunboat Flotilla, Foote was among the first naval officers to be promoted to the then-new rank of rear admiral
1867 Maximilian Anton Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis the Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis from birth until his death in 1867.
1870 Armand Barbès a French Republican revolutionary and a fierce and steadfast opponent of the July monarchy. He is remembered as a man whose life centers on two days:
1871 Alexander Postels a Baltic German of Russian citizenship naturalist, mineralogist and artist.
1874 Alfred Jacob Miller an American painter and sketcher best known for his paintings concerning the northwestern United States.
1877 Giovanni Sante Gaspero Santini an Italian astronomer and mathematician.