June 26 events in history

4 Augustus adopted Tiberius
221 Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopts his cousin Alexander Severus as his heir and receives the title of Caesar
363 Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by the troops on the battlefield
687 Pope Benedict II chosen
699 En no Ozuno, a Japanese mystic and apothecary who will later be regarded as the founder of a folk religion Shugendō, is banished to Izu Ōshima
1243 Mongols defeat the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Köse Dağ
1295 Przemysł II crowned as King of Poland king of Poland, following Ducal period. The white eagle is added to the Polish coat of arms
1407 Ulrich von Jungingen becomes Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
1409 Western Schism: The Roman Catholic church is led into a double schism as Petros Philargos is crowned Pope Alexander V after the Council of Pisa, joining Pope Gregory XII in Rome and Pope Benedict XII in Avignon
1483 Richard III becomes King of England
1522 Ottomans begin the second Siege of Rhodes
1541 Francisco Pizarro is assassinated in Lima by the son of his former companion and later antagonist, Diego Almagro the younger. Almagro is later caught and executed
1573 French Wars of Religion: Siege of La Rochelle ends
1579 Livonian campaign of Stephen Báthory begins
1718 Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, Peter the Great's son, mysteriously dies after being sentenced to death by his father for plotting against him
1723 After a siege and bombardment by cannon, Baku surrenders to the Russians
1740 A combined force Spanish, free blacks and allied Indians defeat a British garrison at the Siege of Fort Mose near St. Augustine during the War of Jenkins' Ear
1794 French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Fleurus marked the first successful military use of aircraft
1830 William IV becomes king of Britain and Hanover
1843 Treaty of Nanking comes into effect, Hong Kong Island is ceded to the British "in perpetuity"
1848 End of the June Days Uprising in Paris
1857 The first investiture of the Victoria Cross in Hyde Park, London
1870 The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States
1886 Henri Moissan isolated elemental Fluorine for the first time
1889 Bangui is founded by Albert Dolisie and Alfred Uzac in what was then the upper reaches of the French Congo
1906 1906 French Grand Prix, the first Grand Prix motor racing event held
1907 The 1907 Tiflis bank robbery took place in Yerevan Square, now Freedom Square, Tbilisi
1909 The Science Museum in London comes into existence as an independent entity
1917 The first U.S. troops arrive in France to fight alongside Britain and France against Germany in World War I
1918 World War I, Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood – Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince
1924 American occupying forces leave the Dominican Republic
1927 The Cyclone roller coaster opens on Coney Island
1934 President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Federal Credit Union Act, which establishes credit unions
1936 Initial flight of the Focke-Wulf Fw 61, the first practical helicopter
1940 World War II: Under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the Soviet Union presents an ultimatum to Romania requiring it to cede Bessarabia and the northern part of Bukovina
1941 World War II: Soviet planes bomb Kassa, Hungary (now Košice, Slovakia), giving Hungary the impetus to declare war the next day
1942 The first flight of the Grumman F6F Hellcat
1944 World War II: The Battle of Osuchy in Osuchy, Poland, one of the largest battles between Nazi Germany and Polish resistance forces, ends with the defeat of the latter
1945 The United Nations Charter is signed in San Francisco
1948 The Western allies begin an airlift to Berlin after the Soviet Union blockades West Berlin
1948 William Shockley files the original patent for the grown junction transistor, the first bipolar junction transistor
1948 Shirley Jackson's short story The Lottery is published in The New Yorker magazine
1952 The Pan-Malayan Labour Party is founded in Malaya, as a union of statewide labour parties
1953 Lavrentiy Beria, head of MVD, is arrested by Nikita Khrushchev and other members of the Politburo
1955 The South African Congress Alliance adopts the Freedom Charter at the Congress of the People in Kliptown
1959 The Saint Lawrence Seaway opens, opening North America's Great Lakes to ocean-going ships
1960 The former British Protectorate of British Somaliland gains its independence as Somaliland
1960 Madagascar gains its independence from France
1963 U.S. President John F. Kennedy gave his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech, underlining the support of the United States for democratic West Germany shortly after Soviet-supported East Germany erected the Berlin Wall
1963 Levi Eshkol becomes the Israeli Prime Minister