Born on June 27

1350 Manuel II Palaiologos Byzantine Emperor from 1391 to 1425. Shortly before his death he was tonsured a monk and received the name Matthew. He is commemorated on July 21
1430 Henry Holland 3rd Duke of Exeter a Lancastrian leader during the English Wars of the Roses. He was the only son of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, and his first wife Lady Anne Stafford. His maternal grandparents were Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford, and Anne of Gloucester
1447 Jean IV de Rieux a Breton noble and Marshal. He was the son of Jean III de Rieux and Béatrice de Rohan-Montauban
1462 Louis XII of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504. The son of Charles, Duke of Orléans, and Maria of Cleves, he succeeded his cousin Charles VIII, who died without a closer heir in 1498
1550 Charles IX of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death. He ascended the throne of France upon the death of his brother Francis II
1696 William Pepperrell a merchant and soldier in Colonial Massachusetts. He is widely remembered for organizing, financing, and leading the 1745 expedition that captured the French garrison at Fortress Louisbourg during King George's War. During his day Pepperrell was called "the hero of Louisburg," a victory celebrated in the name of Louisburg Square in Boston's Beacon Hill neighborhood
1717 Louis-Guillaume Le Monnier a French natural scientist and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers.
1738 László Skultéty the longest serving Hungarian Hussar in Hungarian history. He served 81 years as a cavalryman before his retirement. He volunteered for the Ghilányi Hussar regiment when he was 12. Skultéty served under András Hadik during the Seven Years' War, and participated in the capture of the Prussian capital, Berlin. He died at the age of 93. His tomb was renovated in 1898, when citizens of Arad erected an obelisk
1740 John Latham (ornithologist) an English physician, naturalist and author. He was born in Eltham in South East London, and was the eldest son of John Latham , a surgeon there, and his mother was a descendant of the Sothebys, in Yorkshire
1767 Alexis Bouvard a French astronomer. He is particularly noted for his careful observations of the irregularities in the motion of Uranus and his hypothesis of the existence of an eighth planet in the solar system
1787 Thomas Say an American naturalist, entomologist, malacologist, herpetologist and carcinologist. A taxonomist, he is widely considered the father of descriptive entomology in the United States. The Entomological Society of America maintains several series of publications and awards named for him
1789 Friedrich Silcher a German composer, mainly known for his lieder , and an important folksong collector.
1805 Napoléon Coste a French guitarist and composer.
1806 Augustus De Morgan a British mathematician and logician. He formulated De Morgan's laws and introduced the term mathematical induction, making its idea rigorous
1809 François Certain Canrobert a marshal of France.
1813 Otto Sendtner a German botanist and phytogeographer born in Munich.
1817 Louise von François a German writer, best known for her historical novel Die letzte Reckenburgerin. She was a friend and correspondent of Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach and F. Meyer
1818 Hans Vilhelm Kaalund a Danish lyric poet.
1819 Ernst Falkbeer a German-speaking chess master and journalist from Austria-Hungary.
1821 August Conradi a German organist and composer. Born in Berlin, he was originally intended by his father to study theology. Instead, he was enrolled at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin. There he studied harmony and composition with Carl Friedrich Rungenhagen, director of the Berlin Singakademie. In 1843, he became a church organist of Invalidenhaus, Berlin, also writing his first symphony plus a Zigeunerpolka for orchestra the same year. The latter was arranged for piano by Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt. Conradi held various conducting appointments; these included Stettin , Berlin , Düsseldorf , and Cologne , then Berlin again at such theaters as Kroll's, the Wallner-Theater and the Victoria-Theater
1821 Samuel Washington Woodhouse an American surgeon, explorer and naturalist.
1821 Pavel Pereleshin a Russian admiral and general.
1828 Junius Daniel a planter and career military officer, serving in the United States Army, then in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, as a brigadier general. His troops were instrumental in the Confederates' success at the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. He was killed in action at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
1830 Teodoro Caruel an Italian botanist of French-English parentage who specialized in flora of Tuscany.
1835 Domenico Comparetti an Italian scholar. He was born at Rome and died at Florence
1838 Paul Mauser a German weapon designer and manufacturer/industrialist.
1838 Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay a Bengali writer, poet and journalist. He was the composer of India's national song Vande Mataram, originally a Bengali and Sanskrit stotra personifying India as a mother goddess and inspiring the activists during the Indian Independence Movement. Bankim Chandra wrote 13 novels and several 'serious, serio-comic, satirical, scientific and critical treaties' in Bengali. His works were widely translated into other regional languages of India as well as in English
1839 George Mary Searle an American astronomer and Catholic priest.
1844 Arthur Gardiner Butler an English entomologist, arachnologist and ornithologist. He worked at the British Museum working on the taxonomy of birds, insects, and spiders
1846 Henry Eugene Abbey an American theatre manager and producer. During the 1870s - 1890s, he managed such prominent Broadway theatres as Booth's, Wallack's, and the Park Theatre, promoting the talents of some of the foremost American actors of his day, as well as European stars. Abbey also had the distinction of being the first manager of New York's Metropolitan Opera Company, which opened for its inaugural season in 1883
1846 Charles Stewart Parnell an Irish landlord, nationalist political leader, land reform agitator, and the founder and leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party. He was one of the most important figures in 19th century Great Britain and Ireland, and was described by Prime Minister William Gladstone as the most remarkable person he had ever met
1850 Jørgen Pedersen Gram a Danish actuary and mathematician who was born in Nustrup, Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark and died in Copenhagen, Denmark.
1850 Lafcadio Hearn an international writer, known best for his books about Japan, especially his collections of Japanese legends and ghost stories, such as Kwaidan: Stories and Studies of Strange Things. In the United States, Hearn is also known for his writings about the city of New Orleans based on his ten-year stay in that city
1854 Anders Lindstedt a Swedish mathematician, astronomer, and actuarial scientist, known for the Lindstedt-Poincaré method.
1854 Scipione Tecchi J.C.D. S.T.D. was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Prefect of the Congregation of Rites
1857 Leonora Piper a famous trance medium in the area of Spiritualism. Piper was the subject of intense interest and investigation by American and British psychic research associations during the early 20th century, most notably William James and the Society for Psychical Research
1858 Hamilton Goold-Adams an Irish soldier and colonial administrator who was Governor of Queensland in Australia from 1915 to 1920.
1859 William Anderson (cricketer born 1859) a member of the silver medal winning French cricket team at the 1900 Summer Olympics, the only time cricket has featured in the Olympics. In the only game against Great Britain he was bowled for a duck in the French first innings and top-scored in the second with eight runs. He also took four wickets and a catch in Great Britain's first innings
1862 May Irwin a Canadian actress, singer and star of vaudeville.
1865 John Monash a civil engineer who became an Australian military commander in the First World War. He commanded the 13th Infantry Brigade before the war and then, shortly after the outbreak of the war, became commander of the 4th Brigade in Egypt, with whom he took part in the Gallipoli campaign. In July 1916, he took charge of the new Australian 3rd Division in northwestern France and in May 1918 he was made commander of the Australian Corps, at the time the largest corps on the Western Front. On 8 August 1918 the successful Allied attack at the Battle of Amiens, which led to the expedited end to the war, was planned by Monash and spearheaded by British forces including the Australian and Canadian Corps under Monash and Arthur Currie. Monash is considered to be one of the best Allied generals of the First World War
1869 Emma Goldman an anarchist known for her political activism, writing, and speeches. She played a pivotal role in the development of anarchist political philosophy in North America and Europe in the first half of the 20th century
1869 Kate Carew a caricaturist self-styled as "The Only Woman Caricaturist". She worked at the New York World from 1890 to 1901, providing illustrated celebrity interviews
1869 Hans Spemann a German embryologist who was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1935 for his discovery of the effect now known as embryonic induction, an influence, exercised by various parts of the embryo, that directs the development of groups of cells into particular tissues and organs.
1869 Rihards Zariņš a prominent Latvian graphic artist.
1872 Paul Laurence Dunbar an African-American poet, novelist, and playwright of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Born in Dayton, Ohio, to parents who had been slaves in Kentucky before the American Civil War, Dunbar started to write as a child and was president of his high school's literary society. He published his first poems at the age of 16 in a Dayton newspaper
1872 Heber Doust Curtis an American astronomer. He participated in 11 expeditions for the study of solar eclipses
1875 Riccardo Zanella the only elected president of the short lived Free State of Fiume.
1879 Aleksandr Vladimirovich Razvozov a Russian and Soviet admiral. He was the first commander of the Soviet Baltic Fleet
1879 Gunnar Wennerström a Swedish water polo player and freestyle swimmer who competed in the 1908 Summer Olympics.
1880 Natalia Brasova a Russian noblewoman who married, as her third husband, Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia.