Born on June 28

751 Carloman I the king of the Franks from 768 until his death in 771. He was the second surviving son of Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon and was a younger brother of Charlemagne. Little is known of him, except such as touches upon his more famous father and brother
1119 Roger of Salerno regent of the Principality of Antioch from 1112 to 1119. He was the son of Richard of the Principate and the 2nd cousin of Tancred, Prince of Galilee, both participants on the First Crusade. He became regent of Antioch when Tancred died in 1112; the actual prince, Bohemund II, was still a child. Like Tancred, Roger was almost constantly at war with the nearby Muslim states such as Aleppo. In 1114 there was an earthquake that destroyed many of the fortifications of the principality, and Roger took great care to rebuild them, especially those near the frontier
1243 Emperor Go-Fukakusa the 89th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1246 through 1260
1392 Vygantas Duke of Kernavė. He was one of the sons of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania , and his second wife Uliana Alexandrovna of Tver
1399 John Count of Angoulême a younger son of Louis I, Duke of Orléans, and Valentina Visconti, and a grandson of Charles V of France. He was the younger brother of the noted poet, Charles, Duke of Orléans, and grandfather of Francis I of France
1444 Charlotte Queen of Cyprus Queen of Cyprus and Princess of Antioch, as well as titular Queen of Jerusalem and Armenia.
1476 Pope Paul IV C.R. né Gian Pietro Carafa, was Pope from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he developed an anti-Spanish outlook that later coloured his papacy, and resulted in the Papal States suffering a serious military defeat in the Italian War of 1551–59
1490 Albert of Mainz Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513 to 1545.
1491 Henry VIII of England King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. He was Lord, and later assumed the Kingship, of Ireland, and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty, succeeding his father, Henry VII
1503 Giovanni della Casa a Florentine poet, writer on etiquette and society, diplomat, and inquisitor. He is celebrated for his famous treatise on polite behavior, Il Galateo overo de’ costumi. From the time of its publication, this courtesy book has enjoyed enormous success and influence. In the eighteenth century, influential critic Giuseppe Baretti wrote in The Italian Library , "The little treatise is looked upon by many Italians as the most elegant thing, as to stile, that we have in our language."
1547 Cristofano Malvezzi an Italian organist and composer of the late Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers in the city of Florence during a time of transition to the Baroque style
1557 Philip Howard 20th Earl of Arundel an English nobleman. He was canonised by Pope Paul VI in 1970, as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. He is variously numbered as 1st, 20th or 13th Earl of Arundel
1560 Giovanni Paolo Lascaris an Italian nobleman and Grand Master of the Knights of Malta.
1577 Peter Paul Rubens a Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality. He is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects
1582 William Fiennes 1st Viscount Saye and Sele an English nobleman and politician, known also for his involvement in several companies for setting up overseas colonies.
1585 Sisto Badalocchio an Italian painter and engraver of the Bolognese School.
1604 Heinrich Albert (composer) a German composer and poet of the 17th century. He was a member of the Königsberg Poetic Society. As a song composer, he was strongly influenced by Heinrich Schütz
1618 Jean Le Pautre a French designer and engraver. Le Pautre was an apprentice to a carpenter and builder. In addition to learning mechanical and constructive work, he developed considerable skill with the pencil. His designs, innumerable in quantity and exuberant in content, consisted mainly of ceilings, friezes, chimney-pieces, doorways and mural decorations. He also devised fire-dogs, sideboards, cabinets, console tables, mirrors and other pieces of furniture
1641 Marie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien consort to King John III Sobieski, from 1674 to 1696.
1653 Muhammad Azam Shah a Mughal prince who claimed the Mughal throne. He was the second son of the sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and his Empress consort Dilras Banu Begum
1664 Nicolas Bernier a French composer.
1674 Pier Leone Ghezzi an Italian Rococo painter and caricaturist active in Rome.
1703 John Wesley credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism. His work and writings also played a leading role in the development of the Holiness movement and Pentecostalism
1712 Jean-Jacques Rousseau a Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological, and educational thought
1719 Étienne François duc de Choiseul a French military officer, diplomat and statesman. Between 1758 and 1761, and 1766 and 1770, he was Foreign Minister of France and had a strong influence on France's global strategy throughout the period. He is closely associated with France's defeat in the Seven Years War and subsequent efforts to rebuild French prestige
1734 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier a celebrated French organist and composer.
1742 William Hooper an American lawyer, physician, politician, and a member of the Continental Congress representing North Carolina from 1774 through 1777. Hooper was also a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, along with fellow North Carolinians Joseph Hewes and John Penn
1751 Nikolai Sheremetev a Russian count, the son of Petr Borisovich Sheremetev, notable grandee of the epoch of empresses Anna Ivanovna, Elizabeth Petrovna, and Catherine He was also the grandson of Boris Petrovich Sheremetev.
1752 Karl von Eckartshausen a German Catholic mystic, author, and philosopher.
1753 Anton Stadler an Austrian clarinet and basset horn player for whom Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote both his Clarinet Quintet and Clarinet Concerto.
1754 Claude François de Malet born in Dole to an aristocratic family. He was executed by firing squad, six days after staging a failed republican coup d'état as Napoleon I returned from the disastrous Russian campaign in 1812
1773 Frédéric Cuvier a French zoologist. He was the younger brother of noted naturalist and zoologist Georges Cuvier
1787 Sir Harry Smith 1st Baronet a notable English soldier and military commander in the British Army of the early 19th century. A veteran of the Napoleonic Wars, he is also particularly remembered for his role in the Battle of Aliwal in 1846, and as the husband of Lady Smith
1793 Georg Friedrich Schömann a German classical scholar of Swedish heritage.
1794 Karol Boscamp-Lasopolski a Dutch diplomat in service of Poland and Russia. He was a Chamberlain in the court of Polish king Stanisław August Poniatowski. He was lynched by a mob during the Warsaw Uprising of 1794
1794 John Biscoe an English mariner and explorer who commanded the first expedition known to have sighted the areas named Enderby Land and Graham Land along the coast of Antarctica. The expedition also found a number of islands in the vicinity of Graham Land, including the Biscoe Islands that were named after him
1796 Caroline Amalie of Augustenburg queen consort of Denmark as the second spouse of King Christian VIII between 1839 and 1848.
1804 Franz Meyen a Prussian physician and botanist.
1805 Adolf Schrödter a German painter and illustrator. He acquired a reputation as a genre painter and member of the Düsseldorf school of painting, and illustrated such works as Till Eulenspiegel
1808 Cristina Trivulzio Belgiojoso an Italian noblewoman who played a prominent part in Italy's struggle for independence. She is also notable as a writer and journalist
1811 Georg von Adelmann a German physician and surgeon.
1812 Hamengkubuwono III the third sultan of Yogyakarta, reigning from 1812 to 1814. His eldest son was Diponegoro, and his son and successor Hamengkubuwana IV was a half brother of Diponegoro
1812 William James Müller an English landscape and figure painter, the best-known artist of the Bristol School.
1814 Frederick William Faber a noted English hymn writer and theologian, who converted from Anglicanism to the Catholic priesthood. His best-known work is Faith of Our Fathers. Though he was a Roman Catholic writing for fellow Catholics at that point, many of his hymns today are sung by Protestant congregations
1815 Robert Franz a German composer, mainly of lieder.
1816 Dmitry Milyutin Minister of War and the last Field Marshal of Imperial Russia. He was responsible for sweeping military reforms that changed the face of the Russian army in the 1860s and 1870s
1817 Wilhelm Knop a German agrochemist.
1818 Cesare Ciardi an Italian flautist and composer.
1819 Carlotta Grisi an Italian ballet dancer born in Visinada, Istria. She was trained at the ballet school of Teatro alla Scala in Milan and later with dancer/balletmaster Jules Perrot. She was especially noted for the role of Giselle
1819 Henri Harpignies a French landscape painter of the Barbizon school.