Died on June 29

226 Cao Pi the first emperor of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period. He was born in Qiao as the second son of Cao Cao, a warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. However, he was the eldest son among all the children born to Cao Cao by his concubine Lady Bian. Of all his brothers, Cao Pi was the shrewdest. Instead of focusing on academic studies or administering military affairs, he was always in the presence of court officials in order to gain their support. He was mostly in charge of defence at the start of his career. After the defeat of Cao Cao's rival Yuan Shao at the Battle of Guandu, he took the widow of Yuan Shao's son Yuan Xi, Lady Zhen, as a concubine, but in 221 Lady Zhen died and Guo Nüwang became empress
976 Gero (archbishop of Cologne) Archbishop of Cologne from 969 until his death.
1059 Bernard II Duke of Saxony the Duke of Saxony , the third of the Billung dynasty, a son of Bernard I and Hildegard. He had the rights of a count in Frisia
1149 Raymond of Poitiers Prince of Antioch from 1136 to 1149. He was the younger son of William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and his wife Philippa, Countess of Toulouse, born in the very year that his father the Duke began his infamous liaison with Dangereuse de Chatelherault
1252 Abel King of Denmark Duke of Schleswig from 1232 to 1252 and King of Denmark from 1250 until his death in 1252. He was the son of Valdemar II by his second wife, Berengária of Portugal, and brother to Eric IV and Christopher I
1293 Henry of Ghent a scholastic philosopher, known as Doctor Solemnis , and also as Henricus de Gandavo and Henricus Gandavensis.
1432 Janus of Cyprus a King of Cyprus, King of Armenia and a Titular King of Jerusalem from 1398 to 1432.
1509 Margaret Beaufort Countess of Richmond and Derby the mother of King Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England. She was a key figure in the Wars of the Roses and an influential matriarch of the House of Tudor. She founded two prominent Cambridge Colleges; Christ's College in 1505, and St John's College in 1511
1520 Moctezuma II the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520. The first contact between indigenous civilizations of Mesoamerica and Europeans took place during his reign, and he was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, when Conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men fought to escape from the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan
1575 Baba Nobuharu a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period. He was known as one of the "Twenty-Four Generals of Takeda Shingen". Baba fought at the battles of Mikatagahara and Nagashino, where he led the vanguard of Takeda Katsuyori's right-wing
1594 Niels Kaas a Danish politician who served as Chancellor of Denmark from 1573 until his death. He was influential in the negotiation of the Peace of Stettin and in the upbringing of Christian Kaas also played an important role in the emancipation of Schleswig-Holstein
1696 Michel Lambert a French singing master, theorbist and composer.
1701 Pieter Mulier II a Dutch Golden Age painter active in Italy.
1725 Arai Hakuseki a Confucianist, scholar-bureaucrat, academic, administrator, writer and politician in Japan during the middle of the Edo Period, who advised the Shogun Tokugawa Ienobu. His personal name was Kinmi or Kimiyoshi. Hakuseki was his pen name. His father was a Kururi han samurai Arai Masazumi
1744 André Campra a French composer and conductor.
1764 Ralph Allen an entrepreneur and philanthropist, and was notable for his reforms to the British postal system. He was baptised at St Columb Major in Cornwall on 24 July 1693. As a teenager he worked at the Post Office. He moved in 1710 to Bath, where he became a post office clerk, and at the age of 19, in 1712, became the Postmaster of Bath. In 1742 he was elected Mayor of Bath
1779 Anton Raphael Mengs a German Bohemian painter, active in Rome, Madrid and Saxony, who became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting.
1815 Christian Friedrich Schwan a German publisher and bookseller.
1831 Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein a Prussian statesman who introduced the Prussian reforms that paved the way for the unification of Germany. He promoted the abolition of serfdom, with indemnification to territorial lords; subjection of the nobles to manorial imposts; and the establishment of a modern municipal system
1831 Fyodor Engelhardt a Russian Brigadier General and a hero of the storming of Izmail during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792.
1832 John Hely-Hutchinson 2nd Earl of Donoughmore an Anglo-Irish politician, hereditary peer and soldier.
1840 Lucien Bonaparte the third surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and his wife Letizia Ramolino.
1841 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz the consort of Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, the fifth son and eighth child of George III and Queen Charlotte.
1852 Henry Clay an American lawyer, politician, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives. He served three different terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829. He lost his campaigns for president in 1824, 1832 and 1844
1853 Adrien-Henri de Jussieu a French botanist.
1855 John Gorrie a physician, scientist, inventor, and humanitarian.
1855 FitzRoy Somerset 1st Baron Raglan a British Army officer. As a junior officer he served in the Peninsular War and the Hundred Days, latterly as military secretary to the Duke of Wellington. He also took part in politics as Tory Member of Parliament for Truro before becoming Master-General of the Ordnance. He became commander of the British troops sent to the Crimea in 1854: while his primary objective was to defend Constantinople he was ordered to besiege the Russian Port of Sevastopol. After an early success at the Battle of Alma, a failure to deliver orders with sufficient clarity caused the fateful Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava. Despite further success at the Battle of Inkerman, a piecemeal allied assault on Sevastopol in June 1855 was a complete failure. Somerset died later that month from a mixture of dysentery and clinical depression
1855 Delphine de Girardin a French author.
1860 Thomas Addison a renowned 19th-century English physician and scientist. He is traditionally regarded as one of the "great men" of Guy's Hospital in London
1861 Elizabeth Barrett Browning one of the most prominent English poets of the Victorian era. Her poetry was widely popular in both Britain and the United States during her lifetime
1873 Michael Madhusudan Dutt a popular 19th-century Bengali poet and dramatist. He was born in Sagordari , on the bank of Kopotaksho River, a village in Keshabpur Upazila, Jessore District, Bengal Presidency, East Bengal. His father was Rajnarayan Dutt, an eminent lawyer, and his mother was Jahnabi Devi. He was a pioneer of Bengali drama. His famous work Meghnad Bodh Kavya , is a tragic epic. It consists of nine cantos and is exceptional in Bengali literature both in terms of style and content. He also wrote poems about the sorrows and afflictions of love as spoken by women
1873 Wolfgang Müller von Königswinter a German novelist and poet. He settled in Cologne, and became a popular poet, novelist, and chronicler of the Rhine region
1875 Ferdinand I of Austria Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary and Bohemia , as well as associated dominions from the death of his father on 2 March 1835, until his abdication after the Revolutions of 1848.
1879 Apollinaire de Kontski a Polish violinist, teacher and minor composer.
1882 Joseph Hansom a prolific English architect working principally in the Gothic Revival style. He invented the Hansom cab and founded the eminent architectural journal, The Builder, in 1843
1886 Adolphe Joseph Thomas Monticelli a French painter of the generation preceding the Impressionists.
1889 Nikolai Chekhov a Russian painter and the brother of Anton Chekhov.
1892 Amédée Mouchez a French naval officer who became director of the Paris Observatory and launched the ill-fated Carte du Ciel project in 1887.
1895 Thomas Henry Huxley an English biologist , known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
1900 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin a Russian mathematician of the 2nd half of 19th century.
1904 Tom Emmett an English cricket bowler in the late 1860s, the 1870s and the early 1880s.
1906 Albert Sorel a French historian. He was born at Honfleur and remained throughout his life a lover of his native Normandy. His father, a rich manufacturer, wanted him to take over the business but his literary vocation prevailed. He went to live in Paris, where he studied law and, after a prolonged stay in Germany, entered the Foreign Office. He had strongly developed literary and artistic tastes, was an enthusiastic musician , and wrote both poetry and novels ; but he was not a socialite
1907 Konstantinos Volanakis a Greek artistic painter, considered one of the best of the 19th century. Born to a wealthy family, he went to Trieste, Italy, in 1856 where he began painting. He studied in the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. He is one of the foremost representatives of the Munich School, a Greek artistic style of the 19th century. Michalis Oikonomou, another Greek painter, was one of his pupils
1915 Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa an Irish Fenian leader and prominent member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. His life as an Irish Fenian is well documented but he is perhaps known best in death for the graveside oration given at his funeral by Pádraig Pearse
1916 Georges Lacombe (painter) a French sculptor and painter.
1916 Győző Zemplén a Hungarian physicist who worked in the field hydrodynamics and kinetic theory of gases.
1917 Frans Schollaert a Belgian Catholic Party politician.
1918 Adrien Lachenal a Swiss politician.
1919 Alexander Ragoza a Minister of Defense of the Ukrainian State. He was also a General in the Imperial Russian Army who saw service during the First World War
1919 Karl Brugmann a German linguist. He is highly regarded for his work in Indo-European linguistics