Born on June 3

20 Sejanus an ambitious soldier, friend and confidant of the Roman Emperor Tiberius. An equestrian by birth, Sejanus rose to power as prefect of the Roman imperial bodyguard, known as the Praetorian Guard, of which he was commander from AD 14 until his death in AD 31
628 Liang Shidu an agrarian leader who rebelled against the rule of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty near the end of the reign of Emperor Yang of Sui. He, claiming the title of Emperor of Liang with the aid from Eastern Tujue, retained the modern northern Shaanxi and western Inner Mongolia region for over a decade, but was gradually weakened by attacks from Tang Dynasty, whose founding emperor Emperor Gaozu and successor Emperor Taizong had eliminated the rival contenders for power one by one, leaving Liang isolated. In 628, with Eastern Tujue in internal turmoil and unable to come to his aid, Emperor Taizong launched another attack on Liang. Liang's cousin Liang Luoren assassinated him and surrendered, completing Tang's drive to reunite China after Sui's collapse
1253 Margaret de Newburg 7th Countess of Warwick the daughter of Henry de Beaumont, 5th Earl of Warwick and Margaret D'Oili. She was sister and heiress of Thomas de Beaumont, 6th Earl of Warwick. She married first John Marshal, and secondly John de Plessis. The latter was a great favourite of Henry III, who in 1247 created him the seventh Earl of Warwick and subsequently Count of Warwick. He died 20 February 1263. There was no issue by either of these marriages and so at Margaret's death the estates passed to her cousin, William Maudit
1421 Giovanni di Cosimo de' Medici an Italian banker and patron of arts.
1454 Bogislaw X Duke of Pomerania Duke of Pomerania from 1474 until his death in 1523.
1534 Hosokawa Fujitaka a Japanese samurai daimyo of the Sengoku period. Fujitaka was a prominent retainer of the last Ashikaga shoguns. When he joined the Oda, Oda Nobunaga rewarded him with the fief of Tango. His son, Hosokawa Tadaoki, went on to become one of the Oda clan's senior generals
1537 João Manuel Prince of Portugal a Portuguese infante , the eighth son of King John III of Portugal by his wife Catherine of Austria, daughter of Philip I of Castile and Joanna of Castile. As the heir to the throne he was styled Prince of Portugal
1540 Charles II Archduke of Austria an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria from 1564. He was a member of the House of Habsburg
1554 Pietro de' Medici the youngest son of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Eleonora di Toledo.
1594 César Duke of Vendôme the son of Henry IV of France and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées, and founder of the House of Bourbon-Vendome. He held the titles of 1st Duke of Vendôme, 2nd Duke of Beaufort and 2nd Duke of Étampes, but is also simply known as César de Vendôme. Through his daughter, Élisabeth de Bourbon, César was a great-great-great-grandfather of Louis XV of France, merging thereafter to the French royal line. César de Bourbon is also an ancestor of Juan Carlos I of Spain, of Albert II, King of the Belgians, of Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples, a pretender to the Italian throne
1603 Pietro Paolini an Italian painter of the Baroque period. He is also called Paolino which is an affectionate diminutive of his lastname
1635 Philippe Quinault born in Paris.
1636 John Hale (Beverly minister) the Puritan pastor of Beverly, Massachusetts, during the Salem witch trials in 1692. He was one of the most prominent and influential clergymen associated with the witch trials, and is most noted as having initially supported the trials, and then changing his mind, publishing a critique of them
1652 Zygmunt Przyjemski a Polish military commander and a member of the administration of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. A general of artillery and, at the same time, the Field Writer of the Crown, he was taken captive by the Cossacks in the Battle of Batoh, in which he commanded the Polish infantry. He was executed soon afterwards with a few thousands other Polish prisoners taken in that battle
1662 Willem van Mieris an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands.
1664 Rachel Ruysch a Dutch still life painter who specialized in flowers. She achieved international fame in her lifetime, and was the best documented woman painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Art historians assess Ruysch to be one of the most talented still life artists among both men and women. By her death at age 86 she had produced more than 250 paintings
1719 Louis Paul Abeille a French economist.
1723 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli a Tyrolean physician and naturalist. His biographer Otto Guglia named him the "first anational European" and the "Linnaeus of the Austrian Empire"
1726 James Hutton a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. He originated the theory of uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle of geology—which explains the features of the Earth's crust by means of natural processes over geologic time. Hutton's work established geology as a proper science, and thus he is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Geology"
1736 Ignaz Fränzl a German violinist, composer and representative of the second generation of the so-called Mannheim School. Mozart who heard him at a concert in November 1777 wrote of him in a letter to his father: He may not be a sorcerer, but he is a very solid violinist indeed. Fränzl carried the Mannheim violin technique, established by Johann Stamitz, one step further to real virtuosity. Mozart, quite a good violinist himself and thoroughly acquainted with the instrument, praised Fränzl's double trill and said he had never heard a better one
1736 Sir John Acton 6th Baronet commander of the naval forces of Grand Duchy of Tuscany and prime minister of Naples under Ferdinand IV.
1743 José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator in America. From August 20, 1806 to July 7, 1816 he was viceroy of Peru, during the Spanish American wars of independence
1743 Lucia Galeazzi Galvani an Italian scientist.
1743 William I Elector of Hesse the eldest surviving son of Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Mary of Great Britain, the daughter of George II.
1745 Louis-René Levassor de Latouche Tréville a French Vice-admiral. He fought in the American War of Independence and became a prominent figure of the French Revolutionary Wars and of the Napoleonic wars
1761 Henry Shrapnel a British Army officer whose name has entered the English language as the inventor of the "shrapnel shell".
1765 Friederike Brun a Danish author and salonist.
1770 Manuel Belgrano an Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader. He took part in the Argentine Wars of Independence and created the Flag of Argentina. He is regarded as one of the main Libertadores of the country
1771 Charles Bernard Desormes a French physicist and chemist. He determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases in 1819. He did this and almost all his scientific work in collaboration with his son-in-law Nicolas Clément. Clément and Desormes correctly determined the composition of carbon disulphide and carbon monoxide in 1801–02. In 1806 they elucidated all the chemical reactions that take place during the production of sulphuric acid by the lead chamber method, as used in industrial chemistry. In 1813 they made a study of iodine and its compounds
1772 Jacques Philippe Raymond Draparnaud a French naturalist, malacologist and botanist.
1774 Robert Tannahill a Scottish poet of labouring class origin. Known as the 'Weaver Poet', he wrote in the wake of Robert Burns and in the judgement of some is second only to him
1779 Pierre Amédée Jaubert a French diplomat, academic, orientalist, translator, politician, and traveler. He was Napoleon's "favourite orientalist adviser and dragoman"
1780 Friedrich Christian Rosenthal a German anatomist who was a native of Greifswald.
1784 William Yarrell an English zoologist, prolific writer, bookseller and naturalist admired by his contemporaries for his precise scientific work.
1793 Antoni Malczewski an influential Polish romantic poet, known for his only work, "a narrative poem of dire pessimism", Maria.
1801 František Škroup a Czech composer and conductor. His brother Jan Nepomuk Škroup was also a successful composer and his father, Dominik Škroup, and other brother Ignác Škroup were lesser known composers
1804 Richard Cobden an English manufacturer and Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.
1807 Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld an Austrian naturalist and one of the leading scientists on board the Austrian frigate Novara during its round-the-world voyage. He was heavily involved in the development of the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna where he was a curator
1812 Norman Macleod (1812–1872) a Scottish clergyman and author.
1817 Pauline Mallinckrodt the German foundress of the Sisters of Christian Charity. She was the sister of Hermann von Mallinckrodt and daughter of Detmar von Mallinckrodt, both local politicians. In Padeborn, Germany, the Pauline von Mallinckrodt school was established
1818 Louis Faidherbe a French general and colonial administrator. He created the Senegalese Tirailleurs when he was governor of Senegal
1819 Thomas Ball (artist) an American sculptor and musician. His work has had a marked influence on monumental art in the United States, especially in New England
1819 Anton Anderledy Very Rev. Anton Maria Anderledy, S.J., was a Swiss Jesuit, elected the 23rd Superior General of the Society of Jesus
1819 Johan Jongkind a Dutch painter and printmaker. He painted marine landscapes in a free manner and is regarded as a forerunner of Impressionism
1821 Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart 15th Duke of Alba a Spanish nobleman.
1822 Adelaide of Austria the first wife of Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, future King of Italy. She was the mother of some eight children including the future Umberto I of Italy. She was the Queen of Sardinia from 1849 until 1855 when she died as a result of childbirth
1832 Charles Lecocq a French musical composer.
1833 William Trost Richards an American landscape artist associated with both the Hudson River School and the American Pre-Raphaelite movement.
1834 Henry Francis Blanford a British meteorologist and paleontologist who worked in India. He was a younger brother of the naturalist William Thomas Blanford, both of whom joined the Geological Survey of India in 1855. Henry was the first official meteorologist in India, appointed as Imperial Meteorological Reporter in 1875
1837 Franz Bücheler a German classical scholar, was born in Rheinberg, and educated at Bonn, where he was a student of Friedrich Ritschl.