Died on June 3

618 Kevin of Glendalough an Irish saint who was known as the founder and first abbot of Glendalough in County Wicklow, Ireland. His feast day in the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches is 3 June
800 Staurakios (eunuch) a Byzantine eunuch official, who rose to be one of the most important and influential associates of Byzantine empress Irene of Athens. He effectively acted as chief minister during her regency for her young son, Emperor Constantine VI in 780–790, until overthrown and exiled by a military revolt in favour of the young emperor in 790. Restored to power by Constantine along with Irene in 792, Staurakios aided her in the eventual removal, blinding, and possible murder of her son in 797. His own position thereafter was threatened by the rise of another powerful eunuch, Aetios. Their increasing rivalry, and Staurakios's own imperial ambitions, were only resolved by Staurakios's death
1052 Guaimar IV of Salerno Prince of Salerno , Duke of Amalfi , Duke of Gaeta , and Prince of Capua in Southern Italy over the period from 1027 to 1052. He was an important figure in the final phase of Byzantine authority in the Mezzogiorno and the commencement of Norman power. He was, according to Amatus of Montecassino, "more courageous than his father, more generous and more courteous; indeed he possessed all the qualities a layman should have—except that he took an excessive delight in women."
1351 Mastino II della Scala lord of Verona. He was a member of the famous Scaliger family of northern Italy
1376 Henry II Landgrave of Hesse Landgrave of Hesse from 1328 - 1376.
1395 Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria ruled as emperor of Bulgaria in Tarnovo from 1371 to 3 June 1395. The authority of Ivan Shishman was limited to the central parts of the Bulgarian Empire. His indecisive and inconsistent policy did little to prevent the fall of his country under Ottoman rule. In 1393 the Ottoman Turks seized the capital Tarnovo. Two years later, they captured Ivan Shishman's last strongholds and executed him
1397 William de Montacute 2nd Earl of Salisbury an English nobleman and commander in the English army during King Edward III's French campaigns in the Hundred Years War.
1411 Leopold IV Duke of Austria an Austrian Habsburg Duke of the Leopoldinian Line.
1548 Juan de Zumárraga a Spanish Basque Franciscan prelate and first bishop of Mexico.
1553 Wolf Huber an Austrian painter, printmaker, and architect, a leading member of the Danube School.
1568 Andrés de Urdaneta a Spanish circumnavigator, explorer and Augustinian friar. As a navigator he achieved in 1536 the "second" world circumnavigation. Urdaneta discovered and plotted a path across the Pacific from the Philippines to Acapulco in the Viceroyalty of New Spain used by the Manila galleons, which came to be known as "Urdaneta's route." He was considered as "protector of the Indians" for his treatment of the Filipino natives; also Cebu and the Philippines' first prelate
1594 John Aylmer (bishop) an English bishop, constitutionalist and a Greek scholar.
1605 Jan Zamoyski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman, magnate, and the 1st ordynat of Zamość. Royal Secretary since 1566, Deputy Kanclerz of the Crown since 1576, Lord Grand-Chancellor of the Crown since 1578, and Grand Hetman of the Crown since 1581. General Starost of Kraków from 1580 to 1585, Starost of Bełz, Międzyrzecz, Krzeszów, Knyszyn and Derpsk. Important advisor to Kings Sigismund II Augustus and Stephen Báthory, he was one of the major opponents of Bathory's successor, Sigismund III Vasa, and one of the most skilled diplomats, politicians and statesmen of his time, standing as a major figure in the politics of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth throughout his life
1615 Sanada Yukimura a Japanese samurai warrior of the Sengoku period. He was especially known as the leading general on the defending side of the Siege of Osaka
1640 Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl of Suffolk an English nobleman and politician.
1649 Manuel de Faria e Sousa a Portuguese historian and poet, frequently writing in Spanish.
1652 Marek Sobieski (1628–1652) a Polish noble , starosta of Krasnystaw and Jaworów, older brother of King Jan III Sobieski of Poland. He graduated from Nowodworski College in Kraków and Kraków Academy, then traveled and studied in Western Europe. After returning to Poland in 1648 he fought against the Cossacks and Tatars at Zbaraż and Beresteczko. He was taken captive by Tatars in 1652 and then killed by Cossacks
1657 William Harvey an English physician. He was the first known to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the brain and body by the heart, though earlier writers had provided precursors of the theory. After his death the William Harvey Hospital was constructed in the town of Ashford, several miles from his birthplace of Folkestone
1659 Morgan Llwyd a Welsh Puritan preacher, poet and prose writer.
1661 Gottfried Scheidt a German composer and organist.
1763 Johann Caspar Vogler a German organist and composer taught by Johann Sebastian Bach.
1764 Hans Adolph Brorson a Danish Pietist bishop and hymn writer.
1780 Thomas Hutchinson (governor) a businessman, historian, and a prominent Loyalist politician of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in the years before the American Revolution. A successful merchant and politician, Hutchinson was active at high levels of the Massachusetts government for many years, serving as lieutenant governor and then governor from 1758 to 1774. He was a politically polarising figure who, despite initial opposition to Parliamentary tax laws directed at the colonies, came to be identified by John Adams and Samuel Adams as a proponent of hated British taxes. He was blamed by Lord North for being a significant contributor to the tensions that led the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War
1805 Princess Louise of Saxe-Meiningen a Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen by birth and by marriage Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld.
1819 Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne a French personality of the Revolutionary period. Though not one of the most well known figures of the French Revolution, Jacques Nicolas Billaud-Varenne was an instrumental figure of the period known as the Reign of Terror. Billaud-Varenne climbed his way up the ladder of power during the period of The Terror, becoming a member of the Committee of Public Safety. He was recognized and worked with French Revolution figures Georges Danton and Maximilien Robespierre, and is often considered one of the key architects of the period known as The Terror. "No, we will not step backward, our zeal will only be smothered in the tomb; either the Revolution will triumph or we will all die."
1822 René Just Haüy a French mineralogist, commonly styled the Abbé Haüy after he was made an honorary canon of Notre Dame. He is often referred to as the "Father of Modern Crystallography."
1826 Nikolay Karamzin a Russian writer, poet, historian and critic. He is best remembered for his History of the Russian State, a 12-volume national history
1837 Grigory Razumovsky a Russian nobleman, political philosopher, botanist, zoologist and geologist known from his writings in the West as Gregor or Grégoire, who lost his Russian citizenship for openly criticizing the czarist system under emperor Alexander I, which he saw as pandering to the desires of a corrupt oligarchy of nobles. Gregor emigrated to western Europe, where was subsequently incorporated into the Bohemian nobility in 1811 and accorded the rank of count of the Austrian Empire. As a natural scientist, Gregor was the first to describe and classify Lissotrion helveticus. He was the fifth son of the last hetman of Ukraine, Kirill Grigorievich Razumovsky and brother of prince Andreas Razumovsky, he is also the ancestor of all living members of the family as such, the Russian lines having gone extinct by
1839 Philemon Wright a farmer and entrepreneur who founded Wrightstown, the first permanent settlement in the National Capital Region of Canada. Wrightstown later became incorporated in 1875 and renamed Hull, Quebec, and then in 2002, as a result of a municipal amalgamation, it acquired its present name of the City of Gatineau
1844 Louis Antoine Duke of Angoulême the eldest son of Charles X of France and, from 1824 to 1830, the last Dauphin of France. Due to his father's abdication during the July Revolution in 1830, he never reigned over France but after his father's death in 1836 he was the legitimist pretender as Louis XIX
1853 Filippo Galli (bass) an Italian opera singer who began his career as a tenor in 1801 but went on to become one of the most acclaimed basses of the bel canto era, with a voice known for its wide range, extreme agility, and expressivity, and a remarkable gift for acting.
1855 Krzysztof Celestyn Mrongovius a Protestant pastor, writer, philosopher, distinguished linguist, and translator. Mrongovius was a noted defender of the Polish language in Warmia and Mazury
1858 Julius Reubke a German composer, pianist and organist. In his short life — he died at the age of 24 — he composed the Sonata on the 94th Psalm, in C minor, which was and still is considered one of the greatest organ works in the repertoire
1861 Melchor Ocampo a Mexican lawyer, scientist, and liberal politician.
1861 Stephen A. Douglas an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act. He was a U.S. Representative, a U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party nominee for President in the 1860 election, losing to Republican Abraham Lincoln. Douglas had previously defeated Lincoln in a Senate contest, noted for the famous Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858. He was nicknamed the "Little Giant" because he was short in physical stature, but a forceful and dominant figure in politics
1865 Okada Izō a Japanese samurai of the late Edo period, feared as one of the four most notable assassins of the Bakumatsu period. He was born in Tosa to the gōshi Okada Gihei, who had been a peasant but had bought the gōshi rank. Izō and Tanaka Shinbei were active in Kyoto as assassins under the leadership of Takechi Hanpeita
1872 Johann F. C. Hessel a German physician and professor of mineralogy at the University of Marburg.
1872 George Colvocoresses a United States Navy officer who commanded the Saratoga during the American Civil War. From 1838 up until 1842, he served in the United States Exploring Expedition, better known as the Wilkes Expedition, which explored large regions of the Pacific Ocean. Three separate geographical features, two on the west coast of the United States and another in Antarctica, were named for Colvocoresses
1875 Georges Bizet a French composer of the romantic era. Best known for his operas in a career cut short by his early death, Bizet achieved few successes before his final work, Carmen, which has become one of the most popular and frequently performed works in the entire opera repertoire
1877 Ludwig Ritter von Köchel an Austrian musicologist, writer, composer, botanist and publisher. He is best known for cataloguing the works of Mozart and originating the 'K-numbers' by which they are known
1877 Sophie of Württemberg Queen of the Netherlands as the first wife of King William III.
1877 Elizabeth F. Ellet an American writer, historian and poet. She was the first writer to record the lives of women who contributed to the American Revolutionary War
1880 Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse and by Rhine) born in Darmstadt, the capital of the Grand Duchy, and died in Saint Petersburg. The Mariinsky Theatre and the city Mariehamn in Åland are named after her
1882 James Thomson (B.V.) a Scottish Victorian-era poet famous primarily for the long poem The City of Dreadful Night , an expression of bleak pessimism in a dehumanized, uncaring urban environment.
1882 Christian Wilberg a German painter.
1886 Achilleus Kewanuka a Ugandan Roman Catholic revered as a saint in his church. He served as a clerk in the court of King Mwanga II of Buganda, and converted to the Christian faith under the missionary group known as the White Fathers. Kewanuka was burned alive for his faith on June 3, 1886; he and his companions became known as the Martyrs of Uganda. They were canonized as saints in 1964 by Pope Paul Kewanuka's feast day is celebrated on June 3
1890 Oskar Kolberg a Polish ethnographer, folklorist, and composer active during the foreign Partitions of Poland.
1891 Petros Adamian an outstanding Armenian actor, poet, writer, artist and public figure. According to the Russian critics, his interpretations of Hamlet and Othello put Adamian's name among the best tragedians of the world
1894 Karl Eduard Zachariae von Lingenthal an eminent German jurist and the son of Karl Salomo Zachariae von Lingenthal.
1898 Nikolay Afanasyev (composer) an Imperial Russian violin virtuoso and composer. His memoirs 'Vospominaniya' appeared in 1890, and recorded his experiences as a touring musician, as part of a panorama of Russian musical life during the mid 19th century. He became an honorary member of the Russian Musical Society in 1896