June 3 events in history

350 The Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Rome at the head of a group of gladiators
713 The Byzantine emperor Philippicus is blinded, deposed and sent into exile by conspirators of the Opsikion army in Thrace. He is succeeded by Anastasios II, who begins the reorganization of the Byzantine army
1140 The French scholar Peter Abelard is found guilty of heresy
1326 The Treaty of Novgorod delineates borders between Russia and Norway in Finnmark
1539 Hernando de Soto claims Florida for Spain
1608 Samuel de Champlain completes his third voyage to New France at Tadoussac, Quebec
1621 The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherland
1658 Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France
1665 James Stuart, Duke of York (later to become King James II of England), defeats the Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft
1781 Jack Jouett begins his midnight ride to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of an impending raid by Banastre Tarleton
1839 In Humen, China, Lin Tse-hsü destroys 1.2 million kg of opium confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a casus belli to open hostilities, resulting in the First Opium War
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Philippi (also called the Philippi Races) – Union forces rout Confederate troops in Barbour County, Virginia, now West Virginia, in first land battle of the War
1862 A 3000-strong riot occurred at Wardsend Cemetery in the Sheffield, England, against rumours of bodysnatching from the grounds
1864 American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor – Union forces attack Confederate troops in Hanover County, Virginia
1866 The Fenians are driven out of Fort Erie, Ontario, into the United States
1885 In the last military engagement fought on Canadian soil, the Cree leader, Big Bear, escapes the North-West Mounted Police
1888 The poem "Casey at the Bat", by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner
1889 The transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway is completed
1889 The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles (23 km) between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon
1916 The National Defense Act is signed into law, increasing the size of the United States National Guard by 450,000 men
1935 One thousand unemployed Canadian workers board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia, beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario
1937 The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson
1940 World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris
1940 World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk ends with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat
1940 Franz Rademacher proposes plans to make Madagascar the "Jewish homeland", an idea that had first been considered by 19th century journalist Theodor Herzl
1941 World War II: The Wehrmacht razes the Greek village of Kandanos to the ground, killing 180 of its inhabitants
1942 World War II: Japan begins the Aleutian Islands Campaign by bombing Unalaska Island
1943 In Los Angeles, California, white U.S. Navy sailors and Marines clash with Latino youths in the Zoot Suit Riots
1950 The first successful ascent of an Eight-thousander; the summit of Annapurna is reached by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal
1959 Singapore was declared a self-governing state even though it was still a part of the British Empire
1962 At Paris Orly Airport, an Air France Boeing 707 overruns the runway and explodes when the crew attempts to abort takeoff, killing 130
1963 The Buddhist crisis: Soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam attack protesting Buddhists in Huế, South Vietnam, with liquid chemicals from tear-gas grenades, causing 67 people to be hospitalised for blistering of the skin and respiratory ailments
1965 The launch of Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew. Ed White, a crew member, performs the first American spacewalk
1968 Valerie Solanas, the author of SCUM Manifesto, attempts to assassinate Andy Warhol by shooting him three times
1969 Melbourne–Evans collision: off the coast of South Vietnam, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne cuts the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half
1973 A Soviet supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 crashes near Goussainville, France, killing 14, the first crash of a supersonic passenger aircraft
1979 A blowout at the Ixtoc I oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico causes at least 3,000,000 barrels (480,000 m3) of oil to be spilled into the waters, the second-worst accidental oil spill ever recorded
1980 The 1980 Grand Island tornado outbreak. Seven tornadoes hit Grand Island, Nebraska, which take five lives, 357 single-family homes, 33 mobile homes, 85 apartments, 49 businesses and cause $300 million in damages all told, according to statistics compiled on the deadly storm by the National Weather Service and the American Red Cross
1982 The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, is shot on a London street. He survives but is permanently paralysed
1984 Operation Blue Star, a military offensive, is launched by the Indian government at Harmandir Sahib, also known as the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine for the Sikhs, in Amritsar. The operation continues until June 6, with casualties, most of them civilians, in excess of 5,000
1989 The government of China sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation
1991 Mount Unzen erupts in Kyūshū, Japan, killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists
1992 Aboriginal Land Rights are granted in Australia in Mabo v Queensland (No 2), a case brought by Eddie Mabo
2006 The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence
2013 The trial of United States Army private Chelsea Manning for leaking classified material to WikiLeaks begins in Fort Meade, Maryland