Died on June 30

350 Nepotianus a member of the Constantinian dynasty who reigned as a short-lived usurper of the Roman Empire. He ruled the city of Rome for twenty-eight days, before being killed by his rival usurper Magnentius' general Marcellinus
710 Saint Erentrude a virgin saint of the Roman Catholic Church and was the niece of Saint Rupert of Salzburg. Her date and place of birth are unknown, but it may be presumed that she was born in present-day Germany or Austria, in the latter part of the 7th century. She followed her uncle from Worms to Salzburg, where she was installed by him as the first abbess of Nonnberg Abbey. She died on 30 June 710, the same year as Saint Rupert
888 Æthelred (bishop) an Anglo-Saxon Archbishop of Canterbury in medieval England. Although one source states that he was Bishop of Wiltshire prior to his elevation to Canterbury, this has been shown to be false. Much of Æthelred's time in office was spent dealing with the dislocations caused by the invasion of England by Vikings. There were also conflicts with King Alfred the Great over ecclesiastical matters as well as the desire of the papacy to reform the English clergy
945 Ki no Tsurayuki a Japanese author, poet and courtier of the Heian period. He is best known as the principal compiler of the Kokin Wakashū and as a possible author of the Tosa Diary, although this was published anonymously
1139 Otto of Bamberg a medieval German bishop and missionary who, as papal legate, converted much of Pomerania to Christianity.
1181 Hugh de Kevelioc 5th Earl of Chester the son of Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester and Maud of Gloucester, daughter of Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester.
1222 Adolf of Osnabrück born in Tecklenburg about 1185, a member of the family of the Counts of Tecklenburg in the Duchy of Westphalia. During his lifetime, he became known as the "Almoner of the Poor", and is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church
1337 Eleanor de Clare the wife of the powerful Hugh Despenser the younger. She was born in 1292 at Caerphilly in Glamorgan, Wales. She was the eldest daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford and 7th Earl of Gloucester, and Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile; thus she was a granddaughter to Edward I of England. With her sisters, Elizabeth de Clare and Margaret de Clare, she inherited her father's estates after the death of her brother, Gilbert de Clare, 4th Earl of Gloucester at Bannockburn in 1314
1364 Arnošt of Pardubice the first Archbishop of Prague. He was also an advisor and diplomat to Emperor Charles IV
1466 Peter Constable of Portugal the son of Infante Peter, Duke of Coimbra, who became the fifth Constable of Portugal and third Grand Master of the Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz.
1522 Johann Reuchlin a German-born humanist and a scholar of Greek and Hebrew, whose work also took him to modern-day France, Austria, Switzerland, Italy. Most of Reuchlin's career was around advancing German knowledge of Greek and Hebrew
1537 Thomas Darcy 1st Baron Darcy de Darcy an English nobleman, the only son, and heir, of Sir William Darcy and his wife, Euphemia Langton, the daughter of Sir John Langton. Darcy was opposed to the Dissolution of the Monasteries and for his role in the Pilgrimage of Grace, was convicted of high treason for delivering up Pontefract Castle to the rebels. He was executed on Tower Hill 30 June 1537
1538 Charles II Duke of Guelders Duke of Guelders and Count of Zutphen between 1492 and his death. He was the son of Adolf of Egmond and Catharine of Bourbon. He was a major protagonist in the Frisian peasant rebellion and the Guelderian Wars
1607 Caesar Baronius an Italian Cardinal and ecclesiastical historian. His best-known works are his Annales Ecclesiastici , which appear in twelve folio volumes
1649 Simon Vouet perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France.
1660 William Oughtred The Rev. William Oughtred was an English mathematician and Anglican minister
1666 Adam Krieger a German composer. Born in Driesen, Neumark, he studied organ with Samuel Scheidt in Halle. He succeeded Johann Rosenmüller as organist at Leipzig's Nikolaikirche and founded the city's Collegium Musicum before settling for the rest of his career in Dresden
1666 Alexander Brome an English poet.
1670 Henrietta of England the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland and his wife, Henrietta Maria of France. Fleeing England with her governess at the age of three, she moved to the court of her first cousin Louis XIV of France, where she was known as Minette. After she married Philippe of France, brother of King Louis XIV, known as Monsieur at court, she became known as Madame. Very popular with the court, her marriage was marked by frequent tensions. Henrietta was instrumental in negotiating the Secret Treaty of Dover prior to her unexpected death in June 1670. Jacobite claims to the throne of Great Britain following the death of Henry Benedict Stuart descend from her through her daughter Anne Marie, Queen of Sardinia
1704 John Quelch (pirate) an English pirate who had a lucrative but very brief career of about one year. His chief claim to historical significance is that he was the first person to be tried for piracy outside England under Admiralty Law and thus without a jury. These Admiralty courts had been instituted to tackle the rise of piracy in colonial ports where civil and criminal courts had proved ineffective
1708 Tekle Haymanot I nəgusä nägäst of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Iyasu I and Empress Malakotawit. He is often referred to as "Irgum Tekle Haymanot" or "Tekle Haymanot the Cursed"
1709 Edward Lhuyd a Welsh naturalist, botanist, linguist, geographer and antiquary. He is also known by the Latinized form of his name, Eduardus Luidius
1785 James Oglethorpe a British general, Member of Parliament, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia. As a social reformer, he hoped to resettle Britain's poor, especially those in debtors' prisons, in the New World
1792 Antonio Rosetti a classical era composer and double bass player, and was a contemporary of Haydn and Mozart. The occasional disambiguation with a supposed, but non-existent, "Antonio Rosetti born 1744 in Milan", is due to an error by Ernst Ludwig Gerber in a later edition of his Tonkünstler-Lexikon having mistaken Rosetti for an Italian in the first edition of his own Lexikon, and therefore including Rosetti twice - once as an Italian, once as a German-Czech
1796 Abraham Yates Jr. an American lawyer and civil servant from Albany, New York.
1816 Paul Hamilton (politician) the 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy, from 1809 to 1813.
1817 Abraham Gottlob Werner a German geologist who set out an early theory about the stratification of the Earth's crust and propounded an earth history that others labeled Neptunism. While most tenets of Neptunism were eventually set aside, science is indebted to Werner for clearly demonstrating the chronological succession of rocks, for the zeal which he infused into his pupils, and for the impulse which he thereby gave to the study of geology. Much of his work was based on pre-existing traditions of stratigraphy and cosmogony in Europe. He has been called the “father of German geology.”
1821 José Fernando de Abascal y Sousa a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator in America. From August 20, 1806 to July 7, 1816 he was viceroy of Peru, during the Spanish American wars of independence
1825 Wilhelm Hemprich a German naturalist and explorer.
1831 William Roscoe an English historian, leading abolitionist and miscellaneous writer, perhaps best known today as an early abolitionist and for his poem for children The Butterfly's Ball, and the Grasshopper's Feast.
1839 Johan Olof Wallin a Swedish minister, orator, poet and later Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden. He is most remembered today for his hymns
1840 Hermann Ernst Freund a German-born Danish sculptor. He is remembered in particular for his figures from Nordic mythology and for the Ragnarok Frieze
1857 Alcide d'Orbigny a French naturalist who made major contributions in many areas, including zoology , palaeontology, geology, archaeology and anthropology.
1860 Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert a German physician and naturalist.
1874 Blanche d'Antigny a French singer and actress whose fame today rests chiefly on the fact that Émile Zola used her as the principal model for his novel Nana.
1881 Gustav von Alvensleben a Prussian General der Infanterie.
1882 François-Auguste Biard a French genre painter.
1882 Charles J. Guiteau an American preacher, writer, and lawyer who was convicted of assassinating U.S. President James Garfield. He was executed by hanging
1882 Alberto Henschel a German-Brazilian photographer born in Berlin. Considered the hardest-working photographer and businessman in 19th-century Brazil, with offices in Pernambuco, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo, Henschel was also responsible for the presence of other professional photographers in the country, including his compatriot Karl Ernest Papf—with whom he later worked
1882 Medo Pucić a writer and politician from Dubrovnik, at the time in the Austro-Hungarian Kingdom of Dalmatia, who was prominent Serbian nationalist, believing that the religion was irrelevant for ethnic affiliation. He is the brother of Niko Pucić
1890 Samuel Parkman Tuckerman an American composer.
1893 Jean-Daniel Colladon a Swiss physicist.
1895 Hermann Knoblauch a German physicist. He is most notable for his studies of radiant heat. He was one of the six founding members of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft at Berlin on 14 January 1845
1899 E. D. E. N. Southworth an American writer of more than 60 novels in the latter part of the 19th century.
1906 Jean Lorrain a French poet and novelist of the Symbolist school.
1913 Alphonse Kirchhoffer a French fencer who competed in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
1913 Victor Henri Rochefort Marquis de Rochefort-Luçay a French politician. He was born in Paris and died in Aix-les-Bains
1916 Onésime Reclus a French geographer who specialized in the relations between France and its colonies.
1916 Gaston Maspero a French Egyptologist. He popularised the term "Sea Peoples" in an 1881 paper
1917 Dadabhai Naoroji a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. He was a member of parliament in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP