Born on June 4

946 Guaimar II of Salerno the Lombard prince of Salerno from 901, when his father retired to a monastery, to his death. His father was Guaimar I and his mother was Itta. He was associated with his father in the principality from 893. He was responsible for the rise of the principality: he restored the princely palace, built the palace church of San Pietro a campanile, and restored gold coinage
1155 Baldwin de Redvers 1st Earl of Devon the son of Richard de Redvers and his wife Adeline Peverel.
1394 Philippa of England the Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway from 1406 to 1430. She was the consort to Eric of Pomerania, who ruled the three kingdoms. Queen Philippa served as the de facto regent of Sweden in 1420 and the regent of Denmark and Norway from 1423 to 1425
1453 Andronikos Palaiologos Kantakouzenos the last Grand Domestic of the Byzantine Empire. Present in the city at the Fall of Constantinople, he was one of the group of high Imperial officials executed by Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II five days after the city was taken
1489 Antoine Duke of Lorraine Duke of Lorraine from 1508 until his death in 1544.
1511 Honorat II of Savoy a marshal of France and admiral of France.
1563 George Heriot a Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist. He is chiefly remembered today as founder of George Heriot's School, a large independent school in Edinburgh; his name has also been given to Heriot-Watt University, as well as several streets in the same city
1604 Claudia de' Medici Regent of the Austrian County of Tyrol during the minority of her son from 1632 until 1646. She was a daughter of Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany and Christina of Lorraine. She was born in Florence, and was named after her grandmother Claude of Valois, herself granddaughter of Claude, Duchess of Brittany, consort to King Francis I of France
1654 Jean-François Gerbillon a French missionary, who worked in China.
1665 Zacharie Robutel de La Noue a French lieutenant and captain in the colonial regular troops, and seigneur of Châteauguay. Robutel de La Noue was a Canadian, born in Montreal, son of Claude Robutel de La Noue, seigneur of Île Saint-Paul, and Suzanne de Gabrielle. As a soldier he escorted various expeditions - to Hudson Bay in 1686 with Pierre de Troyes, Chevalier de Troyes and up the Ottawa River in 1692. He also led military attacks on Mohawk villages in 1692-93. He was sent by governor Vaudreuil in July 1717 to establish a chain of three posts from Lake Superior to Lake of the Woods, but he was able only to re-establish a fur trading post, Fort Kaministiquia, on the Kaministiquia River. He remained there as commandant until 1721
1694 François Quesnay a French economist of the Physiocratic school. He is known for publishing the "Tableau économique" in 1758, which provided the foundations of the ideas of the Physiocrats. This was perhaps the first work to attempt to describe the workings of the economy in an analytical way, and as such can be viewed as one of the first important contributions to economic thought. His Le Despotisme de la Chine, written in 1767, describes Chinese politics and society, and his own political support for constitutional Oriental despotism
1697 Jacob Emden a leading German rabbi and talmudist who championed Orthodox Judaism in the face of the growing influence of the Sabbatean movement. He was acclaimed in all circles for his extensive knowledge, thus Moses Mendelssohn, founder of the Jewish Enlightenment movement, wrote to him as "your disciple, who thirsts for your words." Although Emden did not approve of the Hasidic movement which evolved during his lifetime, his books are highly regarded amongst the Hasidim. Thirty-one works were published during his lifetime, ten posthumously while others remain in manuscript
1704 Benjamin Huntsman an English inventor and manufacturer of cast or crucible steel.
1728 Therese of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a German noblewoman. She was a member of the House of Welf and was princess-abbess of the Imperial Free secular Abbey in Gandersheim
1729 Cláudio Manuel da Costa a Brazilian poet and musician, considered to be the introducer of the Neoclassicism in Brazil. He wrote under the pen name Glauceste Satúrnio, and his most famous work is the epic poem Vila Rica, that tells the history of the homonymous city, nowadays called Ouro Preto
1738 George III of the United Kingdom King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two Hanoverian predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover
1742 Ignacio Jordán Claudio de Asso y del Río a Spanish diplomat, naturalist, lawyer and historian. He sometimes used the pseudonym of Melchor de Azagra
1744 Patrick Ferguson a Scottish officer in the British Army, an early advocate of light infantry and the designer of the Ferguson rifle. He is best known for his service in the 1780 military campaign of Charles Cornwallis during the American Revolutionary War in the Carolinas, in which he aggressively recruited Loyalists and harshly treated Patriot sympathisers. Some dispute this characterization of Ferguson as showing pro-Patriot bias, however, and other accounts praise him for his humanity and unwillingness to follow orders he considered barbaric
1754 Miguel de Azcuénaga an Argentine brigadier. Educated in Spain, at the University of Seville, Azucuenaga began his military career in the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and became a member of the Primera Junta, the first autonomous government of modern Argentina. He was shortly exiled because of his support to the minister Mariano Moreno, and returned to Buenos Aires when the First Triumvirate replaced the Junta. He held several offices since then, most notably being the first Governor intendant of Buenos Aires after the May Revolution. He died at his country house in 1833
1756 Jean-Antoine Chaptal a French chemist and statesman. He established chemical works for the manufacture of the mineral acids, soda and other substances. In Éléments de Chimie he coined a new word for the gas then known as "azote" or "mephitic air." Chaptal's word was nitrogène, which he named for nitre, the chemical which was needed for the production of nitric acid which had been found to contain the gas, and thus possibly to be the oxidized derivative of Chaptal's new term for the gas then quickly passed into English as nitrogen
1760 Prince Iulon of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the House of Bagrationi, born into the family of King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. He advanced claim to the throne of Kartli and Kakheti after the death of his half-brother George XII in 1800 and opposed the Russian annexation of Georgia until being apprehended and deported in 1805 to Tula. He died in Petersburg and was buried at the Alexander Nevsky Lavra
1766 Giuseppe Cammarano an Italian painter and leader of the Academy of Arts in his birthplace of Sciacca, Sicily.
1771 Charles Antoine Morand a general of the French army during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. He fought at many of the most important battles of the time, including Austerlitz, Borodino and Waterloo
1777 Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov a Russian Imperial general of the 19th century who commanded Russian troops in the Caucasus War.
1782 Christian Martin Frähn born at Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1785 Domenico Gilardi a Swiss architect who worked primarily in Moscow, Russia in Neoclassicist style. He was one of key architects charged with rebuilding the city after the Fire of 1812. Gilardi’s legacy survives in public buildings like Moscow Orphanage, Widows’ House, Catherine’s Institute and the Old Hall of Moscow University
1787 Constant Prévost a French geologist.
1789 Friedrich Boie a German scientist and brother of Heinrich Boie. He was born at Meldorf in Holstein and died at Kiel.in 1860 he was elected a Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Boie was the author of Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Also an ornithologist he wrote Auszüge aus dem "System der Ornithologie" Isis Oken 1844. Friedrich Boie was the author of several bird species and the hummingbird genus Glaucis, the swallow genus Progne, the cuckoo-shrike genus Minivet, the passerine genus Lipaugus, the owl genus Athene and among other genera the genus Chrysococcyx
1801 James Pennethorne a 19th-century English architect and planner, particularly associated with buildings and parks in central London.
1809 José Gutiérrez de la Concha 1st Marquis of Havana a Spanish noble, general and politician, who served three times as Captain General of Cuba.
1809 Carl David Bouché a German botanist and gardener. He served as Inspector of the Royal Botanic Garden in Berlin from 1843 to 1881
1809 William Wilson Saunders a British insurance broker, entomologist and botanist.
1809 Columbus Delano a lawyer and a statesman and a member of the prominent Delano family. Delano was elected U.S. Congressman from Ohio, serving two terms; the first from 1845 to 1847 and the second from 1865 to 1867. Prior to the American Civil War, Delano supported the Free Soil movement that was against the spread of slavery in the Western territories. During Reconstruction Delano advocated state protection of African Americans civil rights, and argued that the former Confederate states were actual states, but not part of the United States. Delano served as President Grant's Secretary of Interior during a time of rapid Westward expansionism. Delano had to contend with conflicts between Native American tribes and settlers. Secretary Delano was instrumental in the establishment of America's first national park, supervising the first U.S. federally funded 1871 exploratory scientific expedition into Yellowstone. Delano believed the best Indian policy was to allot Native American tribes on Indian Territory reservations; believing that tribal communalism living led to Indian wars and impoverishment. Delano believed that the reservation system humanely protected Native Americans from the encroachment of western settlers. He advocated Indian assimilation and independence from federal funding. Delano supported the slaughter of buffalo, essential to the Plains Indians' lifestyle, in order to stop their nomadic hunting. Delano's tenure was marred by profiteering and corruption in his Interior Department by Indian Bureau agents posing as attorneys and Patent clerks who became wealthy through fraudulent land grants. As a result, Delano was forced to resign by President Grant in 1875. Historians believe that although Delano was personally honest, he was not a reformer, and he was careless in his management of the Interior Department
1815 Paul Jones Semmes a banker, businessman, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War, mortally wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg.
1821 Apollon Maykov a Russian poet, best known for his lyric verse, showcasing images of Russian villages, nature, and Russian history. His love for ancient Greece and Rome, which he studied for much of his life, is also reflected in his works. Maykov spent four years translating the epic The Tale of Igor's Campaign into the modern Russian, translated the folklore of Belarus, Greece, Serbia, Spain, as well as the works of Heine, Adam Mickiewicz and Goethe among others. Many of Maykov's poems were put to music by Rimsky-Korsakov and Tchaikovsky
1829 Jinmaku Kyūgorō now Shimane, Japan. He was the sport's 12th yokozuna
1831 Milan Đ. Milićević a Serbian writer, biographer, ethnologist and one of the founders of the Association of Writers of Serbia.
1833 Garnet Wolseley 1st Viscount Wolseley an Anglo-Irish officer in the British Army. He served in Burma, the Crimean War, the Indian Mutiny, China, Canada, and widely throughout Africa — including his Ashanti campaign and the Nile Expedition against Mahdist Sudan in 1884–85. He served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces from 1895 to 1900. His reputation for efficiency led to the late 19th-century English phrase "everything's all Sir Garnet", meaning "all is in order."
1834 Paul Friedrich August Ascherson a German botanist. His author citation is Asch., although Aschers. has been used in the past
1836 Władysław Tarnowski a pianist, composer, poet, dramatist, and translator.
1850 Friedrich August von Kaulbach a German portraitist and historical painter. He was the son of Theodor Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Kaulbach , the court painter at Hannover, and the great nephew of Wilhelm Kaulbach, another prominent member of the Kaulbach family of artists. He learned to paint from his father, and later was a student of August von Kreling at the arts and crafts school Nuremberg, the predecessor institution of the Academy of Fine Arts, Nuremberg. He sought to emulate the artist Hans Holbein
1854 Solko van den Bergh a Dutch sports shooter.
1856 Archduke Friedrich Duke of Teschen a member of the House of Habsburg and the Supreme Commander of the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I.
1859 John Emerson (mayor) the 15th mayor of Calgary, Alberta. He was the mayor at the time that Alberta became a province of Canada, which was on September 1, 1905
1860 Alexis Lapointe a Quebec athlete in the early 20th century who has become a legendary character of québécois folklore.
1861 Johan Kock a Finnish soldier who had been decommissioned from the Finnish army in Viipuri in 1897. Kock was a revolutionary who was the leader of the Finnish Red Guards from 1905 to 1906
1862 Camille Decoppet a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1865 Robert Hippolyte Chodat a Swiss botanist and phycologist who was a professor and director of the botanical institute at the University of Geneva.
1866 Miina Sillanpää Finland's first female minister and a key figure in the workers' movement.
1866 Walter Jones (polo) an English polo player.