June 4 events in history

1039 Henry III becomes Holy Roman Emperor
1411 King Charles VI granted a monopoly for the ripening of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon as they had been doing for centuries
1615 Siege of Osaka: Forces under Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle in Japan
1647 Canonicus Grand Chief Sachem of the Narragansett Indian Tribe dies. He was Chief Sachem of the Narragansett Tribe (rivals to the Wampanoag) at the time of the Pilgrims landing in Plymouth
1745 Battle of Hohenfriedberg: Frederick the Great's Prussian army decisively defeated an Austrian army under Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine during the War of the Austrian Succession
1760 Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada, taken from the Acadians
1783 The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon)
1784 Élisabeth Thible was the first woman to fly in an untethered hot air balloon. Her flight covered 4 kilometres in 45 minutes, and reached 1,500 metres altitude (estimated)
1792 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for the Kingdom of Great Britain
1794 British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti
1802 Grieving over the death of his wife, Marie Clotilde of France, King Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia abdicates his throne in favor of his brother, Victor Emmanuel
1812 Following Louisiana's admittance as a U.S. state, the Louisiana Territory is renamed the Missouri Territory
1825 General Lafayette, a French officer in the American Revolutionary War, speaks at what would become Lafayette Square, Buffalo, during his visit to the United States
1855 Major Henry C. Wayne departs New York aboard the USS Supply to procure camels to establish the U.S. Camel Corps
1859 Italian Independence wars: In the Battle of Magenta, the French army, under Louis-Napoleon, defeat the Austrian army
1862 American Civil War: Confederate troops evacuate Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River, leaving the way clear for Union troops to take Memphis, Tennessee
1876 An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after leaving New York City
1878 Cyprus Convention: The Ottoman Empire cedes Cyprus to the United Kingdom but retains nominal title
1896 Henry Ford completes the Ford Quadricycle, his first gasoline-powered automobile, and gives it a successful test run
1912 Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage
1913 Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of King George V's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She is trampled, never regains consciousness and dies four days later
1916 World War I: Russia opens the Brusilov Offensive with an artillery barrage of Austro-Hungarian lines in Galicia
1917 The first Pulitzer Prizes are awarded: Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott, and Florence Hall receive the first Pulitzer for biography (for Julia Ward Howe). Jean Jules Jusserand receives the first Pulitzer for history for his work With Americans of Past and Present Days. Herbert B. Swope receives the first Pulitzer for journalism for his work for the New York World
1919 Women's rights: The U.S. Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification
1920 Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris
1928 The President of the Republic of China, Zhang Zuolin, is assassinated by Japanese agents
1932 Marmaduke Grove and other Chilean military officers lead a coup d'etat establishing the short-lived Socialist Republic of Chile
1939 Holocaust: The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, in the United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps
1940 World War II: The Dunkirk evacuation ends – British forces complete evacuation of 338,000 troops from Dunkirk in France. To rally the morale of the country, Winston Churchill delivers his famous "We shall fight on the beaches" speech
1942 World War II: The Battle of Midway begins. The Japanese Admiral Chuichi Nagumo orders a strike on Midway Island by much of the Imperial Japanese navy
1943 A military coup in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo
1944 World War II: A hunter-killer group of the United States Navy captures the German submarine U-505 – the first time a U.S. Navy vessel had captured an enemy vessel at sea since the 19th century
1944 World War II: Rome falls to the Allies, the first Axis capital to fall
1961 In the Vienna summit, the Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev sparks the Berlin Crisis by threatening to sign a separate peace treaty with East Germany and ending American, British and French access to East Berlin
1965 Duane Earl Pope robs the Farmers' State Bank of Big Springs, Nebraska, killing three people execution-style and severely wounding a fourth. The crime later puts Pope on the FBI Ten Most Wanted list
1970 Tonga gains independence from the United Kingdom
1974 During Ten Cent Beer Night, inebriated Cleveland Indians fans start a riot, causing the game to be forfeited to the Texas Rangers
1975 The Governor of California Jerry Brown signs the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act into law, the first law in the U.S. giving farmworkers collective bargaining rights
1979 Flight Lieutenant Jerry Rawlings takes power in Ghana after a military coup in which General Fred Akuffo is overthrown
1986 Jonathan Pollard pleads guilty to espionage for selling top secret United States military intelligence to Israel
1988 Three cars on a train carrying hexogen to Kazakhstan explode in Arzamas, Gorky Oblast, USSR, killing 91 and injuring about 1,500
1989 Ali Khamenei is elected as the new Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Assembly of Experts after the death and funeral of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
1989 The Tiananmen Square protests are violently ended in Beijing by the People's Liberation Army, with at least 241 dead
1989 Solidarity's victory in the first (somewhat) free parliamentary elections in post-war Poland sparks off a succession of peaceful anti-communist revolutions in Eastern Europe, leads to the creation of the so-called Contract Sejm and begins the Autumn of Nations
1989 Ufa train disaster: A natural gas explosion near Ufa, Russia, kills 575 as two trains passing each other throw sparks near a leaky pipeline
1996 The first flight of Ariane 5 explodes after roughly 37 seconds. It was a Cluster mission
1998 Terry Nichols is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing
2001 Gyanendra, the last King of Nepal, ascends to the throne after the massacre in the Royal Palace
2010 Falcon 9 Flight 1 is the maiden flight of the SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket, which launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 40
2012 The Diamond Jubilee Concert is held outside Buckingham Palace on The Mall, London