Born on June 5

934 An-Nasir Ahmad the third imam of the Zaidi state in Yemen. Through his active leadership he confirmed and expanded the polity founded by his two predecessors
1075 Emperor Tianzuo of Liao the last Khitan emperor of the Liao Dynasty. He succeeded his grandfather Daozong, and reigned from February 12, 1101 to March 26, 1125
1251 Hōjō Tokimune the eighth shikken of the Kamakura shogunate , known for leading the Japanese forces against the invasion of the Mongols and for spreading Zen Buddhism and by extension Bushido among the warrior class.
1341 Edmund of Langley 1st Duke of York a younger son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, the fourth of this Royal couple's five sons who lived to adulthood. Like so many medieval princes, Edmund gained his identifying nickname from his birthplace of Kings Langley Palace in Hertfordshire. He was the founder of the House of York, but it was through the marriage of his younger son, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge to Ann Mortimer, great-granddaughter of Lionel of Antwerp, Edward III's second son, that the Yorkist faction in the Wars of the Roses made its claim on the throne who was Edward III's third son
1412 Ludovico III Gonzaga Marquis of Mantua the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1444 to his death in 1478.
1436 Louis of Cyprus King of Cyprus, reigning together with and in the right of his wife, Queen Charlotte of Cyprus. He was the second son and namesake of Louis, Duke of Savoy, and his wife Anne of Lusignan, daughter of King Janus of Cyprus. He was born in Geneva
1493 Justus Jonas a German Lutheran reformer.
1523 Margaret of France Duchess of Berry the daughter of King Francis I of France and Claude, Duchess of Brittany.
1568 Philip de Montmorency Count of Horn a victim of the Inquisition in the Spanish Netherlands.
1578 Claude Duke of Chevreuse a French noble and husband of Marie de Rohan. He was the Duke of Chevreuse, a title which is today used by the Duke of Luynes
1587 Robert Rich 2nd Earl of Warwick an English colonial administrator, admiral, and Puritan.
1640 Pu Songling a Qing Dynasty Chinese writer, best known as the author of Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio.
1646 Elena Cornaro Piscopia a Venetian philosopher of noble descent, and the first woman to receive a doctoral degree from a university.
1656 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort a French botanist, notable as the first to make a clear definition of the concept of genus for plants. The botanist Charles Plumier had been his pupil and accompanied him on his voyages
1659 Wolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-Neuburg an Auxiliary Bishop in the Diocese of Köln and elected Prince-Bishop of Breslau shortly before his death.
1660 Sarah Churchill Duchess of Marlborough Duchess of Marlborough rose to be one of the most influential women of her time through her close friendship with Queen Anne of Great Britain. Sarah's friendship and influence with Princess Anne was widely known, and leading public figures often turned their attentions to her in the hope that she would influence Anne to comply with requests. As a result, by the time Anne became queen, Sarah’s knowledge of government, and intimacy with the Queen, had made her a powerful friend and a dangerous enemy
1735 Ivan Gannibal a Russian military leader and eminent Russian of African and Russian descent. He was the son of military commander and politician Abram Petrovich Gannibal, as well as the great-uncle of Russia's most famous poet, Alexander Pushkin
1757 Pierre Jean George Cabanis a French physiologist and materialist philosopher.
1758 André Masséna a French military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
1760 Johan Gadolin a Finnish chemist, physicist and mineralogist. Gadolin discovered the chemical element yttrium. He is also considered the founder of Finnish chemistry research, as the second holder of the Chair of Chemistry at the Royal Academy of Turku
1765 James Smithson an English chemist and mineralogist. He was the founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution
1766 Gustav Ernst von Stackelberg a Russian diplomat of Baltic-German descent, and was the son of Otto Magnus von Stackelberg.
1769 Marianne Kirchgessner a German glass harmonica player left blind by eye disease as a result of smallpox when she was only four years old. Kirchgessner's artistic qualities brought her the attention of great composers such as Muzio Clementi, Johann Gottlieb Naumann, Johann Friedrich Fasch, Johann Friedrich Reichardt and Franz Anton Hoffmeister
1769 Edward Daniel Clarke an English naturalist, mineralogist and traveller.
1771 Ernest Augustus I of Hanover King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death. He was the fifth son and eighth child of George III, who reigned in both the United Kingdom and Hanover. As a fifth son, initially Ernest seemed unlikely to become a monarch, but Salic Law, which barred women from the succession, applied in Hanover and none of his older brothers had legitimate male issue. Therefore, he became King of Hanover when his niece, Victoria, became Queen of the United Kingdom, ending the personal union between Britain and Hanover that had existed since 1714
1773 Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt a Prussian-born Dutch botanist.
1779 Gheorghe Lazăr a Transylvanian-born Romanian scholar, the founder of the first Romanian language school - in Bucharest, 1818.
1781 Christian Lobeck a German classical scholar.
1786 András Fáy a Hungarian author, lawyer, politician and businessman.
1787 Philipp Maximilian Opiz a Czech-German forester and botanist.
1790 Said bin Sultan Sultan of Muscat and Oman Sultan of Muscat and Oman from March 1807 to 4 June 1856.
1801 Armand Marrast a French politician and mayor of Paris.
1804 Robert Hermann Schomburgk a German-born explorer for Great Britain who carried out geographical, ethnological and botanical studies in South America and the West Indies, and also fulfilled diplomatic missions for Great Britain in the Dominican Republic and Thailand.
1811 Princess Louise Amelie of Baden a daughter of Charles, Grand Duke of Baden and his wife Stéphanie de Beauharnais.
1813 Prosper Sainton a French violinist.
1813 Édouard Baldus a French landscape, architectural and railway photographer.
1814 Pierre Wantzel a French mathematician who proved that several ancient geometric problems were impossible to solve using only compass and straightedge.
1817 Henry William Stisted Lieutenant-General Sir Henry William Stisted, KCB , served as the first Lieutenant Governor of Ontario after Confederation, from 1867 to 1868.
1818 Vittore Benedetto Antonio Trevisan de Saint-Léon an Italian botanist who specialized in cryptogamic flora.
1819 John Couch Adams a British mathematician and astronomer. Adams was born in Laneast, near Launceston, Cornwall, and died in Cambridge. The Cornish name Couch is pronounced "cooch"
1827 Beverly Robertson a cavalry officer in the United States Army on the Western frontier and a Confederate States Army general during the American Civil War.
1829 John Donnell Smith a biologist and taxonomist. He was also an officer in the Confederate army
1830 Carmine Crocco an Italian brigand. Initially a Bourbon soldier, later he fought in the service of Giuseppe Garibaldi. Soon after the Italian unification he formed an army of two thousand men, leading the most cohesive and feared band in southern Italy and becoming the most formidable leader on the Bourbon side. He was renowned for his guerrilla tactics, such as cutting water supplies, destroying flour-mills, cutting telegraph wires and ambushing stragglers
1841 Princess Marie of the Netherlands the fourth child and younger daughter of Prince Frederick of the Netherlands and wife of William, 5th Prince of Wied. She was the mother of William, Prince of Albania
1843 Samuel Garman a naturalist/zoologist from Pennsylvania. He became noted as an ichthyologist and herpetologist
1850 Pat Garrett an American Old West lawman, bartender, and customs agent who became famous for killing Billy the Kid. He was also the sheriff of Lincoln County, New Mexico as well as Doña Ana County, New Mexico. He was drafted into service as sheriff both times
1851 Pierre Henri Hugoniot who mostly lived in Montbéliard. He was an inventor, mathematician, and physicist who worked on fluid mechanics, especially on issues related to material shock
1852 Carl Georg Oscar Drude a German botanist.
1854 Yehuda Pen a Litvak artist-painter, a teacher and an outstanding figure of the Jewish Renaissance in the Russian and Belarusian art of the beginning of 20th century. Pen was, arguably, the most significant Jewish painter in the Russian Empire, whose achievement parallels the contribution of Mark Antokolski to sculpture
1856 Gabrielle Réjane the stage name of Gabrielle-Charlotte Reju, , a French actress.