Born on June 6

1066 Gottschalk (Obotrite prince) a prince of the Obotrite confederacy from 1043 to 1066. He established a Slavic kingdom on the Elbe in the mid-11th century. His object in life seems to have been to collect the scattered tribes of the Slavs into one kingdom, and to make that kingdom Christian
1132 Taj al-Muluk Buri an atabeg of Damascus from 1128 to 1132. He was initially an officer in the army of Duqaq, the Seljuq ruler of Damascus, together with his father Toghtekin. When the latter took power after Duqaq's death, Buri acted as regent and later became atabeg himself
1236 Wen Tianxiang a scholar-general in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty. For his resistance to Kublai Khan's invasion of the Song, and for his refusal to yield to the Yuan Dynasty despite being captured and tortured, he is a popular symbol of patriotism and righteousness in China. He is considered one of three heroes of the Song's last years, alongside Lu Xiufu and Zhang Shijie
1296 Władysław of Legnica a Duke of Legnica during 1296-1312 , of Brzeg and Wrocław during 1296-1311.
1436 Regiomontanus a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, translator, instrument maker and Catholic bishop.
1507 Annibale Caro an Italian writer and poet.
1553 Bernardino Baldi an Italian mathematician and writer.
1568 Sophie of Brandenburg a Princess of Brandenburg and by marriage Electress of Saxony. From 1591 she was the regent of Saxony during the minority of her son Christian II
1576 Giovanni Diodati a Swiss-born Italian Calvinist theologian and translator. He was the first translator of the Bible into Italian from Hebrew and Greek sources
1580 Godefroy Wendelin a Flemish astronomer who was born in Herk-de-Stad. He is also known by the Latin name Vendelinus. His name is sometimes given as Godefroy Wendelin; his first name spelt Godefroid or Gottfried
1584 Yuan Chonghuan a famed patriot and military commander of the Ming Dynasty who battled the Manchus in Liaoning. Of Cantonese origin, Yuan Chonghuan was known to have excelled in artillery warfare and successfully incorporated Western tactics with those of the East. Yuan's military career reached its height when he defeated Nurhaci and the Manchu army in the first Battle of Ningyuan. Later, Yuan also managed to defeat Nurhaci's son and successor, Huang Taiji, and his 200,000 mostly Mongol soldiers. However, Yuan was eventually tortured and executed by the Chongzhen Emperor under false charges which Huang Taiji was believed to have deliberately planted against him
1599 Diego Velázquez a Spanish painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period, important as a portrait artist. In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures, and commoners, culminating in the production of his masterpiece Las Meninas
1606 Pierre Corneille a French tragedian, and one of the three great seventeenth-century French dramatists, along with Molière and Racine.
1621 Petar Zrinski a Croatian Ban and writer. A member of the Zrinski noble family, he was noted for his role in the attempted Croatian-Hungarian rebellion of 1664-1670 which ultimately led to his execution for high treason
1622 Claude-Jean Allouez a Jesuit missionary and French explorer of North America.
1634 Maria Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp by marriage landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1646 Hortense Mancini the favourite niece of Cardinal Mazarin, chief minister of France, and a mistress of Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland. She was the fourth of the five famous Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes
1661 Giacomo Antonio Perti an Italian composer of the Baroque era. He was mainly active at Bologna, where he was Maestro di Cappella for sixty years. He was the teacher of Giuseppe Torelli and Giovanni Battista Martini
1678 Louis Alexandre Count of Toulouse the son of Louis XIV and of his mistress Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. At the age of five, he became grand admiral of France
1681 Giovanni Domenico Santorini an Italian anatomist. He was a native of Venice, earning his medical doctorate from Pisa in 1701. He is remembered for conducting anatomical dissections of the human body
1684 Nathaniel Lardner an English theologian.
1699 Alamgir II the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759. He was the son of Jahandar Shah
1699 Johann Georg Estor a German theorist of public law, historian and book collector. To his opinion the Roman Law is strange to the original German law-culture and must be considered as a foreign body
1714 Joseph I of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 31 July 1750 until his death.
1735 Anton Schweitzer a German composer of operas, who was affiliated with Abel Seyler's theatrical company.
1740 Louis-Sébastien Mercier a French dramatist and writer.
1750 José Correia da Serra a Portuguese Abbot, polymath - philosopher, diplomat, politician and scientist. In some circumstances, he was also known as Abbé Correa. The plant genus Correa is named in his honour
1755 Nathan Hale a soldier for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He volunteered for an intelligence-gathering mission in New York City but was captured by the British and executed. He is probably best remembered for his purported last words before being hanged: "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country." Hale has long been considered an American hero and, in 1985, he was officially designated the state hero of Connecticut
1756 John Trumbull an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War and was notable for his historical paintings. His Declaration of Independence was used on the reverse of the two-dollar bill
1765 Jean-Joseph Chapuis a French cabinetmaker of the 18th and 19th centuries.
1772 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily the eldest daughter of Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily and his wife, Marie Caroline of Austria. She was the last Holy Roman Empress and the first Empress of Austria
1799 Alexander Pushkin considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
1807 Thiệu Trị the third emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty taking the era name of Thiệu Trị. He was the eldest son of emperor Minh Mạng, and reigned from 14 February 1841 until his death on 4 November 1847
1809 Franz Heinrich Ludolf Ahrens a German philologist.
1809 Karl Koch (botanist) a German botanist. He is best known for his botanical explorations in the Caucasus region, including northeast Turkey. Most of his collections have today been lost. He is also known as the first professional horticultural officer in Germany
1810 Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin a German classical scholar.
1818 Nikolay Milyutin a Russian statesman remembered as the chief architect of the great liberal reforms undertaken during Alexander II's reign, including the emancipation of the serfs and the establishment of zemstvo.
1824 Witold Czartoryski a Polish noble.
1825 Ignaz Vincenz Zingerle an Austrian poet and scholar.
1826 Léon Say born in Paris.
1829 Honinbo Shusaku a Japanese, professional Go player from the 19th century. He is known for his undefeated streak of 19-games during the annual castle games; thirty-game match with Ota Yuzo; lead innovator of the eponymous Shusaku opening for Black; post-death ascension to one of the Go Sages; and next to his teacher, Honinbo Shuwa, considered to have been the strongest player from 1847/8 to his death in 1862. He was nicknamed Invincible Shusaku because of his castle games performance
1829 Allan Octavian Hume a civil servant, political reformer, ornithologist and horticulturalist in British India. He was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress, a political party that was later to lead in the Indian independence movement. A notable ornithologist, Hume has been called "the Father of Indian Ornithology" and, by those who found him dogmatic, "the Pope of Indian ornithology."
1835 Adolf Heyduk a distinguished Czech poet and writer. Many of his poems were later adapted by Antonín Dvořák. By far the most well known and widely performed is the poignant and tender Songs My Mother Taught Me with its hauntingly exquisite setting, long considered a masterpiece in the repertoire of many renowned artists
1838 Alexander Kiselyov (painter) a Russian landscape painter.
1841 Eliza Orzeszkowa a Polish novelist and a leading writer of the Positivism in Poland during foreign Partitions. In 1905, together with Henryk Sienkiewicz she was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature
1842 Steele MacKaye an American playwright, actor, theater manager and inventor. Having acted, written, directed and produced numerous and popular plays and theatrical spectaculars of the day, he became one of the most famous actors and theater producers of his generation
1844 Konstantin Savitsky a Russian realist painter born in the city of Taganrog in the village Frankovka or Baronovka, named after former governor Otto Pfeilizer-Frank. Today this area is occupied by the Taganrog Iron and Steel Factory TAGMET
1844 Julius Weise a German entomologist. He specialised in Coleoptera, especially Chrysomelidae and Coccinellidae, and was one of the first entomologists to use genitalia to identify and classify species
1850 Karl Ferdinand Braun a German inventor, physicist and Nobel laureate in physics. Braun contributed significantly to the development of the radio and television technology : he shared with Guglielmo Marconi the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics
1853 Georg Kuphaldt an influential German landscape architect, gardener and dendrologist of the Russian Empire.