June 6 events in history

1508 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friuli by Venetian troops
1513 Italian Wars: Battle of Novara. Swiss troops defeat the French under Louis de la Tremoille, forcing the French to abandon Milan. Duke Massimiliano Sforza is restored
1523 Gustav Vasa, the Swedish regent, is elected King of Sweden, marking a symbolic end to the Kalmar Union. This is the Swedish national day
1586 Francis Drake's forces raid St. Augustine in Spanish Florida
1644 The Qing dynasty Manchu forces led by the Shunzhi Emperor capture Beijing during the collapse of the Ming dynasty
1654 Queen Christina abdicates the Swedish throne and is succeeded by her cousin Charles X Gustav
1674 Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire, is crowned
1683 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum
1752 A devastating fire destroys one-third of Moscow, including 18,000 homes
1762 British forces begin a siege of Havana and temporarily capture the city in the Battle of Havana
1808 Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte, is crowned King of Spain
1809 Sweden promulgates a new Constitution, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of enlightened absolutism. At the same time, Charles XIII is elected to succeed Gustav IV Adolf as King of Sweden
1813 War of 1812: Battle of Stoney Creek – A British force of 700 under John Vincent defeats an American force twice its size under William Winder and John Chandler
1822 Alexis St. Martin is accidentally shot in the stomach, leading to William Beaumont's studies on digestion
1832 The June Rebellion in Paris is put down by the National Guard
1833 Andrew Jackson becomes the first U.S. President to ride on a train
1844 The Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is founded in London
1857 Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden–Norway
1859 Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day)
1862 American Civil War: Battle of Memphis – Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee, from the Confederates
1882 More than 100,000 inhabitants of Bombay are killed when a cyclone in the Arabian Sea pushes huge waves into the harbour
1882 The Shewan forces of Menelik II of Ethiopia defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and their victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River
1889 The Great Seattle Fire destroys all of downtown Seattle
1892 The Chicago 'L' commuter rail system begins operation
1894 Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike
1909 French troops capture Abéché (in modern-day Chad) and install a puppet sultan in the Ouaddai Empire
1912 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century
1918 World War I: Battle of Belleau Wood – The U.S. Marine Corps suffers its worst single day's casualties while attempting to recapture the wood at Château-Thierry
1919 The Republic of Prekmurje ends
1921 Southwark Bridge in London is opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary
1932 The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1⁄4¢/L) sold
1933 The first drive-in theater opens, in Camden, New Jersey, United States
1934 New Deal: the U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Act of 1933 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
1939 Judge Joseph Force Crater, known as the "Missingest Man in New York", is declared legally dead
1942 World War II: Battle of Midway. U.S. Navy dive bombers sink the Japanese cruiser Mikuma and four Japanese carriers
1944 World War II: the Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history
1946 The National Basketball Association is created with eleven teams
1964 Under a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven, Germany are terminated. They never resume
1968 Assassination of Robert F. Kennedy: Robert F. Kennedy, Democratic Party senator from New York and brother of 35th President John F. Kennedy, dies from gunshot wounds inflicted on June 5
1971 Soyuz program: Soyuz 11 is launched
1971 A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a United States Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte, California, claims 50 lives
1971 Vietnam War: the Battle of Long Khanh between Australian and Vietnamese communist forces begins
1974 A new Instrument of Government is promulgated making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy
1981 Bihar train disaster: a passenger train travelling between Mansi and Saharsa, India, jumps the tracks at a bridge crossing the Bagmati river. The government places the official death toll at 268 plus another 300 missing; however, it is generally believed that the death toll is closer to 1,000
1982 The 1982 Lebanon War begins. Forces under Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon during Operation Peace for the Galilee, eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut
1982 A British Army Air Corps Gazelle helicopter is destroyed in a friendly fire incident, resulting in the loss of four lives
1984 Tetris, one of the best-selling video games of all time, is released
1985 The grave of "Wolfgang Gerhard" is opened in Embu, Brazil; the exhumed remains are later proven to be those of Josef Mengele, Auschwitz's "Angel of Death". Mengele is thought to have drowned while swimming in February 1979
1992 The Fantoft Stave Church in Norway is destroyed by Varg Vikernes. This was the first in a string of church arsons in the Early Norwegian black metal scene
1993 Mongolia holds its first direct presidential elections