Born on June 7

1003 Emperor Jingzong of Western Xia the first emperor of the Western Xia Empire located in northwestern China, reigning from 1038 to 1048. He was the eldest son of the Tangut ruler Li Deming
1082 Emperor Huizong of Song the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication and art but ending in tragedy. It was during his reign that the Jurchens of the Jin dynasty invaded, beginning the Jin–Song wars. He was captured by the Jurchens and taken to Manchuria in the Jingkang Incident
1422 Federico da Montefeltro one of the most successful condottieri of the Italian Renaissance, and lord of Urbino from 1444 until his death. In Urbino he commissioned the construction of a great library, perhaps the largest of Italy after the Vatican, with his own team of scribes in his scriptorium, and assembled around him a large humanistic court in the Ducal Palace of Urbino, designed by Luciano Laurana and Francesco di Giorgio Martini
1502 John III of Portugal the King of Portugal and the Algarves from 13 December 1521 to 11 June 1557. He was the son of King Manuel I and Maria of Aragon, the third daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. John succeeded his father in 1521, at the age of nineteen
1529 Étienne Pasquier a French lawyer and man of letters. By his own account he was born in Paris on 7 June 1529, but according to others he was born in 1528. He was called to the Paris bar in 1549
1532 Amy Robsart the first wife of Lord Robert Dudley, favourite of Elizabeth I of England. She is primarily known for her death by falling down a flight of stairs, the circumstances of which have often been regarded as suspicious. Amy Robsart was the only child of a substantial Norfolk gentleman and at nearly 18 married Robert Dudley, a son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. In 1553 Robert Dudley was condemned to death and imprisoned in the Tower of London, where Amy Dudley was allowed to visit him. After his release the couple lived in strait financial circumstances until, with the accession of Elizabeth I in late 1558, Dudley became Master of the Horse, an important court office. The Queen soon fell in love with him and there was talk that Amy Dudley, who did not follow her husband to court, was suffering from an illness, and that Elizabeth would perhaps marry her favourite should his wife die. The rumours grew more sinister when Elizabeth remained single against the common expectation that she would accept one of her many foreign suitors
1683 Paghtasar Dpir A leading figure during the revitalization period of Armenian culture as a poet, musician, scientist, printer, and a luminary of national and educational movements
1686 Adolphus Frederick III Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
1687 Gaetano Berenstadt best remembered for his association with the composer George Frideric Handel. Berenstadt created roles in three of Handel's operas. Berenstadt's parents were German and his father was timpanist to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. By the end of his 27-year-long career Berenstadt had sung in 55 dramatic works, 33 of which were newly composed
1721 Barbara Campanini a famous Italian ballerina, one of the most important ballet dancers of the 18th century.
1724 Franz Anton Maulbertsch an Austrian painter and engraver, one of the most renowned exponents of roccoco painting in the German region.
1736 Frederick Charles Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt a German Natural History collector, and from 1790 until his death the reigning Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt.
1740 Ferdinand Kobell a German painter and engraver.
1757 Georgiana Cavendish Duchess of Devonshire the first wife of William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire, and mother of the 6th Duke of Devonshire. Her father, John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer, was a great-grandson of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. Her niece was Lady Caroline Lamb. She was the great-great-great-great-aunt of Diana, Princess of Wales, and attained a large amount of fame in her lifetime
1761 John Rennie the Elder a Scottish civil engineer who designed many bridges, canals, and docks.
1764 Karl Heinrich Lang a German historian and statesman.
1770 Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl of Liverpool an English politician and both the youngest and longest-serving Prime Minister since 1806. As Prime Minister, Liverpool called for repressive measures at the local level to maintain order after the riots of 1819. He dealt smoothly with the Prince Regent when King George III was incapacitated. He also steered the country through the period of radicalism and unrest that followed the Napoleonic Wars. He favoured commercial and manufacturing interests as well as the landed interest. He sought a compromise of the heated issue of Catholic emancipation. The revival of the economy strengthened his political position. By the 1820s he was the leader of a reform faction of "Liberal Tories" who lowered the tariff, abolished the death penalty for many offenses, and reformed the criminal law. By the time of his death in office, however, the Tory Party was ripping itself apart. John Derry says he was
1774 Pavel Alexandrovich Stroganov Russian military commander and statesman, Lieutenant General, Adjutant General to Alexander I of Russia. He took part in the Privy Committee that outlined Government reform of Alexander Commanded an infantry division in Napoleonic Wars
1778 Beau Brummell an iconic figure in Regency England, the arbiter of men's fashion, and a friend of the Prince Regent, the future King George He established the mode of dress for men that rejected overly ornate fashions for one of understated, but perfectly fitted and tailored bespoke garments. This look was based on dark coats, full-length trousers rather than knee breeches and stockings, and above all immaculate shirt linen and an elaborately knotted cravat
1799 Henry Monnier a French playwright, caricaturist and actor.
1801 Jakob Robert Steiger a Swiss politician and President of the Swiss National Council.
1806 Domenico Consolini an Italian bishop and cardinal, who served as a diplomat of the Holy See.
1809 William Forbes Skene the second son of Sir Walter Scott's friend, James Skene , of Rubislaw, near Aberdeen.
1811 James Young Simpson a Scottish obstetrician and an important figure in the history of medicine. Simpson discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and successfully introduced it for general medical use
1813 Redmond Barry a colonial judge in Victoria, Australia, of Anglo-Irish origins.
1824 Bernhard von Gudden a German neuroanatomist and psychiatrist born in Kleve.
1829 Eduard Friedrich Wilhelm Pflüger a German physiologist born in Hanau.
1830 Edward Middleton Barry an English architect of the 19th century.
1831 Amelia Edwards an English novelist, journalist, traveller and Egyptologist.
1833 Alexander Ritter a German composer and violinist. He wrote two operas - Der faule Hans and Wem die Krone?, a few songs, a symphonic waltz and two symphonic fantasias. Ritter died in Munich
1833 Wilhelm Moritz Keferstein a German naturalist. He described a number of reptiles and amphibians for the first time
1837 Alois Hitler an Austrian civil servant and the father of Adolf Hitler.
1838 Ferdinand Stoliczka a Moravian palaeontologist who worked in India on paleontology, geology and various aspects of zoology, including ornithology and herpetology. He died of high altitude sickness during an expedition across the Himalayas
1840 Carlota of Mexico empress consort of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, the former Archduke of Austria.
1845 Leopold Auer a Hungarian violinist, academic, conductor and composer.
1846 Charlie Absolom Alfred Absolom played cricket for Cambridge University, Kent and England in the period from 1866 to 1879.
1848 Paul Gauguin a French Post-Impressionist artist who was not well appreciated until after his death. Gauguin was later recognized for his experimental use of color and synthetist style that were distinguishably different from Impressionism. His work was influential to the French avant-garde and many modern artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse. Gauguin’s art became popular after his death and many of his paintings were in the possession of Russian collector Sergei Shchukin. He was an important figure in the Symbolist movement as a painter, sculptor, print-maker, ceramist, and writer. His bold experimentation with coloring led directly to the Synthetist style of modern art, while his expression of the inherent meaning of the subjects in his paintings, under the influence of the cloisonnist style, paved the way to Primitivism and the return to the pastoral. He was also an influential proponent of wood engraving and woodcuts as art forms
1849 Pavel Svedomsky a Russian painter and the brother of another artist, Alexander Svedomsky.
1862 Philipp Lenard a German physicist and the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1905 for his research on cathode rays and the discovery of many of their properties. He was a nationalist and anti-Semite; as an active proponent of the Nazi ideology, he had supported Adolf Hitler in the 1920s and was an important role model for the "Deutsche Physik" movement during the Nazi period
1863 Bones Ely a shortstop in Major League Baseball. He was born in North Girard, Pennsylvania
1866 E. W. Hornung an English author and poet known for writing the J. Raffles series of stories about a gentleman thief in late 19th-century London. Hornung was educated at Uppingham School; as a result of poor health he left the school in December 1883 to travel to Sydney, where he stayed for two years. He drew on his Australian experiences as a background when he began writing, initially short stories and later novels
1868 John Sealy Townsend a mathematical physicist who conducted various studies concerning the electrical conduction of gases and directly measured the electrical charge. He was a Wykeham Professor of physics at Oxford University
1868 Charles Rennie Mackintosh a Scottish architect, designer, water colourist and artist. He was a designer in the post impressionist movement and also the main representative of Art Nouveau in the United Kingdom. He had considerable influence on European design. He was born in Glasgow and he died in London
1869 Lamorna Birch an English artist in oils and watercolours. At the suggestion of fellow artist Stanhope Forbes, Birch adopted the soubriquet "Lamorna" to distinguish himself from Lionel Birch, an artist who was also working in the area at that time
1869 Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich of Russia the infant son of Emperor Alexander III–the heir apparent, styled Tsesarevich, to the Russian throne as the eldest living son of Emperor Alexander II–and his consort, Marie Fyodorovna of Russia. He was Alexander's and Marie's second child, second son, and the younger brother of the future Emperor Nicholas He died of meningitis in 1870, one month before his first birthday. "The doctors maintain he did not suffer, but we suffered terribly to see and hear him," his mother wrote to her own mother, Queen Louise of Denmark. His parents had him posthumously photographed and sketched to remember him, therefore it is likely that the photograph to the right, of Grand Duke Alexander in his coffin surrounded by flowers, is the only existing photograph
1870 Gustav Voerg an American rower who competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics.
1870 Jaime Duke of Madrid the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain under the name Jaime III and the Legitimist claimant to the throne of France as Jacques I.
1872 Leonid Sobinov an acclaimed Imperial Russian operatic tenor. His fame continued unabated into the Soviet era, and he was made a People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1923. Sobinov's voice was lyrical in size and tone, and it was employed with discerning taste and excellent musicianship
1873 Landon Ronald an English conductor, composer, pianist, teacher and administrator.
1873 Franz Weidenreich a Jewish German anatomist and physical anthropologist who studied evolution.