Born on June 8

862 Emperor Xizong of Tang an emperor of the Tang dynasty of China. He reigned from 873 to 888. He was the fifth son of his predecessor Emperor Yizong and was the elder brother of his successor Emperor Zhaozong. His reign saw his realm overrun by the great agrarian rebellions led by Wang Xianzhi and Huang Chao, and while both were eventually defeated, by the end of Emperor Xizong's reign, the Tang state had virtually disintegrated into pieces ruled by individual warlords, rather than the imperial government, and would never recover, falling eventually in 907
1508 Primož Trubar the Protestant reformer, most known as the author of the first Slovene language printed book, the founder and the first superintendent of the Protestant Church of the Slovene Lands, notable for consolidating the Slovene language. Trubar is the key figure of Slovenian cultural history and in many aspects a major historical personality
1552 Gabriello Chiabrera an Italian poet, sometimes called the Italian Pindar.
1593 George I Rákóczi an important Hungarian nobleman who was Prince of Transylvania from 1630 until his death in 1648. During his influence Transylvania grew politically and economically stronger
1625 Giovanni Domenico Cassini an Italian mathematician, astronomer, engineer, and astrologer. Cassini, also known as Gian Domenico Cassini, was born in Perinaldo, near Imperia, at that time in the County of Nice under the control of the Republic of Genoa. Cassini is known for his work in the fields of astronomy and engineering. Cassini most notably discovered four satellites of the planet Saturn and noted the division of the rings of Saturn. Giovanni Domenico Cassini was also the first of his family to begin work on the project of creating a topographic map of France. Launched in 1997, the Cassini spaceprobe was named after him and became the fourth to visit Saturn and the first to orbit the planet
1638 Pierre Magnol a French botanist. He was born in the city of Montpellier, where he lived and worked for the biggest part of his life. He eventually became Professor of Botany and Director of the Royal Botanic Garden of Montpellier and even held a seat in the Académie Royale des Sciences de Paris for a short while. Magnol is of lasting importance because he was one of the innovators of the current botanical scheme of classification. He was the first to publish the concept of plant families as we know them, a natural classification, in which groups of plants with associated common features were described
1671 Tomaso Albinoni an Italian Baroque composer. While famous in his day as an opera composer, he is mainly remembered today for his instrumental music, such as the concertos, some of which are regularly recorded
1696 Count Friedrich August von Harrach-Rohrau plenipotentiary minister of the Austrian Netherlands and became Governor-General ad interim in 1741–1744.
1717 John Collins (Continental Congress) the third Governor of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, born in Newport, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Collins.
1724 John Smeaton an English civil engineer responsible for the design of bridges, canals, harbours and lighthouses. He was also a capable mechanical engineer and an eminent physicist. Smeaton was the first self-proclaimed civil engineer, and often regarded as the "father of civil engineering"
1742 August Wilhelm Knoch a German naturalist born in Braunschweig. He was a professor of physics at Collegium Carolinum
1745 Caspar Wessel a Norwegian-Danish mathematician and cartographer. In 1799, Wessel was the first person to describe the geometrical interpretation of complex numbers as points in the complex plane. He was the younger brother of poet and playwright Johan Herman Wessel
1746 Jean Henri van Swinden a Dutch mathematician and physicist who taught in Franeker and Amsterdam.
1757 Ercole Consalvi a deacon and cardinal of the Catholic Church, who served twice as Cardinal Secretary of State for the Papal States and who played a crucial role in the post-Napoleonic reassertion of the legitimist principle of the divine right of kings, of which he was a constant supporter.
1760 Karl Böttiger a German archaeologist and classicist, and a prominent member of the literary and artistic circles in Weimar and Jena.
1760 Robert Moorsom an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. His very active service career was especially highlighted by his actions in 1805 at the battle of Trafalgar, where his ship HMS Revenge was severely damaged and Moorsom was himself seriously wounded
1761 Landgravine Juliane of Hesse-Philippsthal a countess of Schaumburg-Lippe, married in 1780 to Count Philip II, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe. She served as the regent of Schaumburg-Lippe during the minority of her son from 1787 to 1799
1783 Pattimura an Ambonese soldier and National Hero of Indonesia.
1784 Marie-Antoine Carême an early practitioner and exponent of the elaborate style of cooking known as grande cuisine, the "high art" of French cooking: a grandiose style of cookery favoured by both international royalty and by the newly rich of Paris. Carême is often considered as one of the first internationally renowned celebrity chefs
1799 William M. Meredith an American lawyer and politician. He was to served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury, during the President Zachary Taylor's Cabinet
1799 Ludwig zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg a Russian aristocrat of German descent. Among his properties were the famed Mir Castle Complex and Verkiai Palace
1804 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1804–1858) an Archduchess of Austria and the daughter of Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor and his second wife, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily.
1805 Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz a Spanish politician, diplomat and writer who served as Prime Minister of Spain and was appointed three times ambassador to France.
1806 Gideon Johnson Pillow a wealthy and influential American lawyer, politician, landowner and speculator, slaveowner, United States Army major general of volunteers during the Mexican-American War and Confederate brigadier general in the American Civil War. Pillow had several disputes and rivalries with fellow officers during both wars
1808 Johann Baptist Alzog a German theologian and Catholic church historian.
1810 Robert Schumann a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing
1812 Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst a Moravian-Jewish violinist, violist and composer. He was widely seen as the outstanding violinist of his time and one of Paganini's greatest successors
1813 David Dixon Porter a United States Navy admiral and a member of one of the most distinguished families in the history of the U.S. Navy. Promoted as the second U.S. Navy officer ever to attain the rank of admiral, after his adoptive brother David Farragut, Porter helped improve the Navy as the Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Academy after significant service in the American Civil War
1817 Théodore Ballu a French architect who designed numerous public buildings in Paris. He is the father of the politician Roger Ballu and the grandfather of the industrialist and politician Guillaume Ballu
1821 Samuel Baker a British explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionist. He also held the titles of Pasha and Major-General in the Ottoman Empire and Egypt. He served as the Governor-General of the Equatorial Nile Basin between Apr. 1869 – Aug. 1873, which he established as the Province of Equatoria. He is mostly remembered as the discoverer of Lake Albert, as an explorer of the Nile and interior of central Africa, and for his exploits as a big game hunter in Asia, Africa, Europe and North America. Baker wrote a considerable number of books and published articles. He was a friend of King Edward VII, who as Prince of Wales, visited Baker with Queen Alexandra in Egypt. Other friendships were with explorers Henry Morton Stanley, Roderick Murchison, John Speke and James Grant, with the ruler of Egypt Pasha Ismail The Magnificent, Major-General Charles George Gordon and Maharaja Duleep Singh
1825 Charles Joshua Chaplin a French painter and printmaker who painted both landscapes and portraits. He was an accomplished artist mastering different techniques such as pastels, lithography, watercolor, chalk, oil painting and etching. He was best known for his elegant portraits of young women
1829 John Everett Millais an English painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
1830 Juan Manuel Blanes a noted Uruguayan painter of the Realist school.
1831 Thomas J. Higgins a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War who was a recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions at the Battle of Vicksburg.
1837 Jan Kleczyński Sr. a Polish pianist, composer, journalist and chess master.
1838 Paolo Boselli an Italian politician who served as the 34th Prime Minister of Italy during World War I.
1839 Mihail Cerchez a Romanian general descended from an old Moldavian family of Circassian origin. He led Romanian troops in the Romanian War of Independence in Griviţa, Bucov, Opanez, Smardan, Pleven, Vidin
1842 John Q. A. Brackett Quincy Adams Brackett , served as the 36th Governor of Massachusetts, from 1890 to 1891.
1842 John Gerrard Keulemans a Dutch bird illustrator. For most of his life he lived and worked in England, illustrating a large number of the best-known ornithology books of the nineteenth century
1843 Kálmán Széll a Hungarian politician who served as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1899 to 1903.
1847 Ida Saxton McKinley First Lady of the United States from 1897 to 1901.
1847 Oleksander Barvinsky an important western Ukrainian cultural figure and politician, a founder of the Christian Social Party in western Ukraine. He also was a member of the Austrian parliament, chaired the Shevchenko Scientific Society and held the post of secretary of education and religious affairs of the West Ukrainian National Republic. It was during his chairmanship that the Shevchenko Scientific Society was turned into a well established academy of sciences
1851 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval a French physician, physicist, and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer and the thermocouple ammeter. D'Arsonval was an important contributor to the emerging field of electrophysiology, the study of the effects of electricity on biological organisms, in the nineteenth century
1852 Walter Langley an English painter and founder of the Newlyn School of plein air artists. He was born in Birmingham and his father was a journeyman tailor. At 15 he was apprenticed to a lithographer. At 21 he won a scholarship to South Kensington and he studied designing there for two years. The sometimes highly ornate work is mainly in gold and silver and in a Renaissancestyle. He returned to Birmingham but took up painting full-time, and in 1881 was elected an Associate of the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists. In the same year he was offered £500 for a year's work by a Mr Thrupp. With this money he and his family moved to Newlyn where he was one of the first artists to settle
1852 Guido Banti an Italian physician and pathologist. He also performed innovative studies on the heart, infectious diseases and bacteriology, splenomegaly, nephrology, lung disease, leukaemia and motor aphasia. He gave his name to Banti’s disease
1854 Douglas Cameron (politician) a Canadian politician. He served in the Ontario Legislature from 1902 to 1905, and was the eighth Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba from 1911 to 1916
1855 George Charles Haité an English designer, painter, illustrator and writer. His most famous work is the iconic cover design of the Strand Magazine launched in 1891 which helped popularise the Sherlock Holmes stories of Arthur Conan Doyle. Haité was also a founder member and the first president of the London Sketch Club
1856 Natalia Janotha a Polish pianist and composer.
1858 Alexander Ragoza a Minister of Defense of the Ukrainian State. He was also a General in the Imperial Russian Army who saw service during the First World War
1858 Antoni Nicolau a Catalan composer. He was a student of Juan Bautista Pujol